Save Burma

အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ က်ဆံုးမွ တတိုင္းျပည္လံုး စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ခံစားရမယ္

Posts Tagged ‘Non-violent

World focus on Burma (30 September 2008)

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‘A possible US recession will certainly have impact on the Chinese …

Manila Times, Philippines –

Host Fareed Zakaria: But surely, the Chinese government could pressure the Sudanese government, or the Iranian government, or the government in Burma to …

Interview: U Win Tin calls for unity

Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –

DVB asked U Win Tin for his interpretation of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s refusal to meet United Nations special envoy Ibrahim Gambari during his visit to Burma …

Veteran Burmese Politician Thakin Thein Pe hospitalized, India –

He is currently serving as an advisor for initiating a tripartite dialogue between the military regime, the opposition party ‘National League for Democracy’ …

The Future Shape of US-ASEAN Relations

World Politics Review –

… are managed with sensitivity to sovereignty but without undermining democracy as an enduring tenet of US foreign policy. In this regard, Burma will …

Burma: Amnesty appalled as Junta re-arrest U Win Htein

Amnesty International UK, UK –

Amnesty International today condemned the Burmese authorities decision to re-arrest U Win Htein just days after his release. The 66-year-old is a senior …

Junta issues warning on tainted milk, India –

A report in the Burmese language newspaper Myanmar Ahlin, an official government mouth-piece, on Tuesday said with Chinese milk and milk products found to …

Sittwe monks demand release of detained monk

Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –

U Yekkhaputta urged the Burmese people to join together to challenge the regime. “You are your own salvation. Don’t depend on any foreign country or the UN, …

Burma slams ‘unfair and immoral’ sanctions

Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –

Sep 30, 2008 (DVB)–Burmese foreign minister U Nyan Win told the United Nations General Assembly yesterday that Burma could enhance regional energy and food …

The Battle For Greenland’s Rubies

Luxist, CA –

With rubies from Myanmar/Burma being banned by many Western countries, the hunt has been on for rubies that come from a less politically sensitive area. …

China’s Deadly Investments

Huffington Post, NY –

And when Burma cracked down on the peaceful protests of the Saffron Revolution, China steadfastly supported the junta, shipping artillery cannons and …

Junta claims international law on its side, condemns sanctions, India –

The tirade, on the session’s last day of debate, linked the prospects of a more economically integrated Burma to the betterment of both the region’s and …

Burma’s State Media Still Mum on Tainted Milk Powder

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

She told The Irrawaddy on Tuesday that the semi-official Myanmar Times weekly newspaper earlier published a story that said all imported dairy products from …

TI Corruption Index is No Different Either

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

Myanmar [Burma] was ranked second worst after Somalia. The first questionable aspect about the CPI is the nature of the study itself. As the name indicates, …

Remove ‘Unjust’ Economic Sanctions: Junta

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

“Myanmar [Burma] has abundant land and natural resources to be able to make a meaningful contribution to energy and food security of our country and beyond. …

Karen Group Opposes Salween River Dams

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

He said human rights abuses such as forced labor, forced relocation, the disappearance of culture heritage as well as environmental damage including …

Myanmar on the cyber-offensive

Asia Times Online, Hong Kong –

Several opposition media sources, including The Irrawaddy magazine and Democratic Voice of Burma satellite television station, have said they received …

Chinese investments in Myanmar’s energy, mining sectors of concern

Monsters and –

The ERI report, aptly titled China in Burma: The Increasing Involvement of Chinese Multinational Corporations in Burma’s Hydropower, Oil and Natural Gas, …

Screening commemorates Burma protests

The Brown Daily Herald, RI –

… of the national US Campaign for Burma, which works to end the military dictatorship in Burma, now known as Myanmar under the current military junta. …

Toyota Driving Automakers’ Global Race to the Bottom

AlterNet, CA –

Around the world, the company has been complicit in union busting in the Philippines, and engages in cozy relationships with Burma/Myanmar’s military ..

Burmese opposition MP dies, India –

A medical graduate from the Mandalay Medical Institute, Dr. Myo Win, was arrested and jailed for three years for becoming involved in the peoples’ democracy …

General Maung Aye Scheduled to Arrive in Bangladesh on 7 October

Narinjara News, Bangladesh –

The Burmese military government’s second most powerful leader, Senior General Maung Aye, will arrive in Bangladesh on 7 October for a three-day official …

Winds of change fail to stir Myanmar

New Straits Times, Malaysia –

LAST September, peaceful demonstrations let the world know that the people of Myanmar had enough of the crushing oppression of the military junta, yet, …

Myanmar urges end to sanctions, Qatar –

Myanmar’s foreign minister has called for an end to what he called “immoral” sanctions against his country, saying they were harming Myanmar and its people. …

… according to the government-affiliated weekly Myanmar Times. China is Burma’s biggest trading partner. More than a dozen Asian and African countries, …

Myanmar Says `Immoral’ Sanctions Reduce Food, Energy Production
Bloomberg –
The US and opposition groups denounced the charter, which bars opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi from holding office, saying it aims to prolong military …

India: India Likely To Sign FTA With Asean In Dec
Sin Chew Jit Poh, Malaysia –
… which groups Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand, would hold its summit in mid-November. The seven-country forum, …

UNITED NATIONS, September 29 — Two months after Inner City Press exposed 20% losses in Myanmar currency exchanges by the UN, and a month after the UN …

… a series of demonstrations outside Burmese embassies and high profile public locations calling for the Myanmar authorities not to respond with violence, …

UNITED NATIONS, September 29 — Asked about 19 days of silence about Myanmar by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, his senior advisor Nicholas Haysum on

Non-Violent Peace Brigades: How Fast Can We Move?
Toward Freedom, VT –

The PBI activity became centered on individual protective accompaniment of local human rights activists living under threat of abduction or assassination in …

Oh yeah, Sudan… wasn’t there something happening there?
Feministe –
I suppose we can only handle one major humanitarian crisis at a time,*** and this week it’s monks in Burma. But 10 peacekeepers in Darfur were just killed, …

Media briefs: Mathew White to head up TT… Dalek more popular …
Crikey (subscription), Australia –
A year ago, the Burmese people, supported by thousands of Buddhist monks, took to the streets to denounce the junta’s excesses. On 26 September 2007, …

UN chief comments Thai-Cambodian conflict
Nation Multimedia, Thailand –
Thailand-Cambodia border conflict was among the issues including the Burma’s rehabilitation after Cyclone Nargis discussed between the Asean ministers and …

Head to head: renowned leftwingers thrust into a contest for the …, UK –
The chances of their paths ever crossing were minimal, but now Ryan Giggs and Dr Aung San Suu Kyi are inadvertently squaring up for the highest honour …

Transcript of interview with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao
Zakaria: May I ask you — some Americans and Europeans, particularly human rights observers, say that China has cracked down on human rights over the last …

Development: Human trafficking —Syed Mohammad Ali
Daily Times, Pakistan –
Our current federal minister for law, justice and human rights has termed unemployment and lack of implementation of anti-trafficking laws as the major …

Myanmar urges end to sanctions
TVNZ, New Zealand –
The UN Security Council has urged Myanmar to release all political prisoners, including Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been in prison or …

Head to head: renowned leftwingers thrust into a contest for the …, UK –
The chances of their paths ever crossing were minimal, but now Ryan Giggs and Dr Aung San Suu Kyi are inadvertently squaring up for the highest honour …

UN Assembly: Myanmar denies pleas for progress
Toronto Star,  Canada –
AP UNITED NATIONS–Myanmar’s military regime dismissed calls from countries concerned with its repression of political opponents today, saying that its …

This group of refugees from Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar, was forced to leave their country because of war and/or persecution. …

Jade trade in Myanmar thrives on exploitation, rights abuses
The National, United Arab Emirates –
Matthew Smith, project co-coordinator at ERI, said Beijing’s growing presence in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, played a key role in the continuation of …

Ireland will help UN with challenges – Martin
Irish Times, Ireland –
Mr Martin also renewed his call for the immediate release of Burma’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and for continued international pressure on the …

UNITED NATIONS (AFP) — Myanmar’s foreign minister Foreign Minister Nyan Win on Monday called for the lifting of what he called “unwarranted” and …

29 September 2008 – Myanmar could become the rice bowl of its region and provide energy to other countries if “immoral” sanctions against it were lifted, …

US Burmese Rubies, Jadeite Regulations Now Apply, NY –
Burma is also known as Myanmar. US Customs and Border Protection have issued new Harmonized Tariff System codes for all non-Burmese rubies and jadeite …

Armed Burmese Uprising Morally Justified: Chomsky

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Armed Burmese Uprising Morally Justified: Chomsky


Monday, July 14, 2008

Noam Chomsky, one of the most well-known political and social critics in the world, said an armed uprising against Burma’s military regime is a “likely consequence” for the hardships inflicted upon the Burmese people.

Chomsky, in an interview with the Bangkok Post published on Monday, said, “An armed uprising would have to evaluate with care the likely consequences for the people who are suffering.”

The ruling generals have “a good thing going for themselves,” he said. They have nothing to gain by yielding power, and they appear capable of holding on to their power, he said.

“So that’s what they’ll probably do,” he said, “until the military erodes from within.”

Asked if a popular uprising could be successful in Burma, he said it would be a massacre.

“Mass non-violent protests are predicated on the humanity of the oppressor. Quite often it doesn’t work. Sometimes it does, in unexpected ways,” he said.

A professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Chomsky said it’s appropriate for people to rise up against a brutal government, but it’s not for him to tell people what to do.

“As for assassinating leaders, the question is very much like asking whether it is appropriate to kill murderers,” said Chomsky, who will turn 80 in December.

“They should be apprehended by non-violent means, if possible. If they pull a gun and start shooting, it’s legitimate to kill them in self-defense, if there is no lesser option.”

Chomsky said that China, the biggest supporter of the Burmese generals, would likely tolerate the overthrow of the junta. “Maybe even welcome it,” he said.

The choice of a non-violent uprising depends on an intimate knowledge of a society and its various constituents, he said.

Looking back over US involvement in Burma, he recalled that as part of US cold war policy, the Eisenhower administration supported thousands of Chinese nationalists [Kuomintang] troops when they invaded northern Burma.

As a result, the Chinese armed and supported insurgent groups in the region which led to a 1962 coup and the shift of power to the military, he said.

He said the US, Britain and Israel later sold weapons and invested in oil production in Burma to strengthen the military government.

“These matters are unreported and unknown in the US, apart from specialists and activists,” he said, “because they interfere too dramatically with the doctrine that ‘we are good’ and ‘they are evil,’ the foundation of virtually every state propaganda system.”

For the full interview, see the Bangkok Post:

URL of this article:


‘Resonant and unwavering’

Bangkok Post, July 14, 2008

Noam Chomsky talks to the ‘Bangkok Post’ about the Vietnam War, Burma and the future of the human race


He opposed the Vietnam War long before it was fashionable to do so. He revolutionised the field of linguistics and helped spark the cognitive revolution in psychology. He changed the way scientists approach the study of the human mind.

His “Chomsky Hierarchy” is taught in basic computer science because it offers insight into the nature of how languages are structured. His theories of Generative and Universal Grammar indicate that the human mind comes hard-wired with default settings that enable infants to quickly learn any language spoken around them.

When the US dropped the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, Chomsky walked off into the woods to be alone and contemplate what he later called “one of the most unspeakable crimes in history”.

For the last 50 years Avram Noam Chomsky, now in his 80th year, has been a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was voted No. 1 in the 2005 Global Intellectuals Poll, a list of the 100 most important living public intellectuals, compiled in November, 2005 by Prospect Magazine of the UK and Foreign Policy of the US on the basis of a readers’ ballot consisting of more than 20,000 votes.

Chomsky was followed by, in order, Unberto Eco, Richard Dawkins, Vaclav Havel, Christopher Hitchens, Paul Krugman, Jurgen Habermas, Amartya Sen, Jared Diamond and Salman Rushdie. Further evidence of the quality and resonance of his work comes from the 1992 Arts and Humanities Citation Index, which noted Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar from the 1980 to 1992 period, and was the eighth-most cited scholar during any period.

Because of his universal appeal and academic accolades, Chomsky is highly desired as a lecturer and speaker almost everywhere in the world, giving him a unique ability like few people have to cut across all political lines and be welcome and desired everywhere, if for no other reason than you can’t help but respect somebody whose convictions are resonant and unwavering, even if you disagree with them.

Chomsky took the time to answer questions for the Bangkok Post, providing some fascinating answers about the Vietnam War and the current situation in Burma.

You opposed the Vietnam War long before it was fashionable. When and why did you make that decision? Do you feel you made a difference?

I opposed the Vietnam war from the mid-1940s, when the French invaded, a few years later receiving direct US support. But I did not do much beyond signing statements and the like until 1962, when the back pages of the New York Times casually reported that the US Air Force was flying a large proportion of the bombing missions against South Vietnam, with the planes disguised with SVN markings. At that point I realised that I had better learn more about this, began to look into it more carefully, and had to make a hard decision. I had enough experience with political activism to know that if I became involved, it would soon grow to be a major undertaking, with few limits, and I would have to give up a lot that meant a great deal to me. I decided to plunge in, not without reluctance. It took years of hard and painful work of protest and resistance before a real anti-war movement developed. There is no doubt that it made a difference. One illustration comes from the Pentagon Papers, the final section, dealing with the immediate reaction to the Tet revolt; in imperial terminology, it is called the “Tet offensive”, on the tacit assumption that a revolt against our military occupation is aggression. The government considered sending several hundred thousand more troops to South Vietnam, but decided not to because of concern that they would need the troops for civil disorder control at home in the likely event of a mass uprising of unprecedented proportions. We also know that by then 70 per cent of the US population felt that the war was “fundamentally wrong and immoral”, not “a mistake” – while intellectual elites debated whether Washington’s “bungling efforts to do good” were a “mistake” that was becoming too costly to us (Anthony Lewis of the New York Times, at the outer limits of dissidence within the mainstream).

How much any one individual contributed to the radical change of consciousness and understanding, and the willingness to do something about state crimes, it is hard to say.

You have said the US played a significant role in actions that led to the installation of the Burmese junta back in 1962. What’s the subtext, the background we’re not understanding: What are the consequences of the enormous UK investment in Burma, of earlier US weapons sales, of recent Israeli weapons sales to the junta – and of Chevron Oil’s continued supply of millions and millions of dollars in oil money to the junta?

Burma had one of the few elected governments in the region in the 1950s, and was intent on pursuing a neutralist course. The Eisenhower administration was carrying out vigorous efforts to enlist the governments in the region into its Cold War crusades. As part of this broad campaign of subversion and violence, Washington installed thousands of heavily armed Chinese Nationalist troops in northern Burma to carry out cross-border operations into China. Burma vigorously objected, but in vain. The China forces began arming and supporting insurgent minorities in that turbulent region. In reaction, power within Burma began to shift to the military, leading finally to the 1962 coup. The matter is discussed by Audrey and George Kahin, Subversion as Foreign Policy. George Kahin was one of the leading Southeast Asian scholars, virtually the founder of the academic discipline in the US. The consequences of the US-UK-Israeli operations you describe are, of course, to strengthen the military junta. These matters are unreported and unknown in the US, apart from specialists and activists, because they interfere too dramatically with the doctrine that “we are good” and “they are evil”, the foundation of virtually every state propaganda system.

Do you think there’s any chance of a popular uprising being successful in Burma, or do you think those who rise up will only be slaughtered because there’s no advantage for the generals to give up their power?

I do not know enough to be able to answer with any confidence, but I suspect that now it would be a slaughter. On the other hand, the military leaders are ageing, and there may be popular forces developing that can erode their power from within.

Was the Kingdom of Thailand morally justified to host US military bases during the Vietnam War? What lasting effects did the Vietnam War have for Thailand and the region? Is that part of why Thailand is an island of relative easy life, compared to neighbours with more severe problems?

Thailand’s involvement in the US wars in Indochina was a disgrace. I presume Thais, at least some of them, made profit from their participation in the destruction of Indochina. I know that Japan and particularly South Korea gained very substantially. It helped spur their “economic miracles”. To evaluate the lasting effects we have to imagine what Southeast Asia would have been without the sadistic Western (mostly US) interventions of the postwar period – not to speak of what happened before. That’s a topic for a carefully researched book, not a brief discussion – and it would still be highly speculative, by necessity.

Do you find George W. Bush and his wife Laura calling for change in Burma insincere? Do you think the US president’s action on behalf of the suffering and the marginalised in Burma in the wake of Cyclone Nargis would be more justifiable on moral grounds than the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan?

Bush likes to posture as a deeply religious Christian. Perhaps he has even looked at the Gospels. If so, he knows that the famous definition of the hypocrite in the Gospels could have been written with him in mind. One can think of all kinds of ways in which the Bush couple could show their sincerity, were it to exist.

If Saddam Hussein had given some money to hungry children it would have been more justifiable on moral grounds than his gassing of Kurds in Halabja. The same principles hold in the case of Negris vs Iraq-Afghanistan.

What do you think China‘s reaction would be if an internal uprising in Burma was successful?

China would likely tolerate, maybe even welcome, the overthrowing of the junta. There was, of course, a significant US role in actions that elicited the military coup that installed the still-ruling tyranny. But I don’t know how much that bears on the present situation either.

Can you offer any insight into the behaviour of the Burmese generals, their motivations and how things are likely to work out for the people of Burma?

The rulers have a good thing going for themselves, nothing to gain by yielding power and no major risks in using it violently. So that’s what they’ll probably do, until the military erodes from within. Mass non-violent protest is predicated on the humanity of the oppressor. Quite often it doesn’t work. Sometimes it does, in unexpected ways. But judgements about that would have to be based on intimate knowledge of the society and its various strands.

If a regime is so terrible that its generals loot the wealth of the country’s resources for their personal gain, carry out murders, political imprisonment and forced labour, is there a moral justification for an armed uprising of the suffering people?

There certainly is, in my view, with one qualification: An armed uprising would have to evaluate with care the likely consequences for the people who are suffering. I think it’s appropriate for people to rise up, but it’s not for me to tell people to risk mass murder. As for assassinating leaders, the question is very much like asking whether it is appropriate to kill murderers. They should be apprehended by non-violent means, if possible. If they pull a gun and start shooting, it’s legitimate to kill them in self-defence, if there is no lesser option.

Would you give any examples of what could happen if the principle of universality were applied in the world today, between nations that are in conflict?

One example is that Bush, Cheney, Blair, and a host of others would be facing Nuremberg-style tribunals. And the observation generalises very broadly.

What are the greatest dangers facing our human species in the world today and what can we most effectively do about them?

There are two dangers that could reach as far as survival of the species: Nuclear war and environmental disaster.

About nuclear war, we know exactly what to do. In fact, the World Court has ruled that it is a legal obligation of the signers of the non-proliferation treaty to live up to their obligation to eliminate all nuclear weapons. And the non-signers can be brought in as well. To give an example that is highly relevant right now, the US population is overwhelmingly in favour of establishing a nuclear-weapons-free zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East, including Iran and Israel. The US and the UK are formally committed to this policy. When they tried to construct a thin legal cover for their invasion of Iraq, they appealed to Security Council resolution 687, which calls upon Iraq to eliminate weapons of mass destruction. The US-UK invaders claimed that it had not done so. Resolution 687 also commits the signers to establish an NWFZ in the region. If the US were a functioning democracy, in which public opinion influenced policy, the exceedingly hazardous confrontation between the US and Iran could be mitigated, perhaps terminated.

Naturally, none of this can be reported or discussed, and it is inconceivable that any viable political candidate would even hint at the stand of the overwhelming majority of the population. One may recall a remark of Gandhi’s when he was asked what he thought of Western civilisation. His response was that it might be a good idea. The same is true of “democracy promotion”, which, if sincere, would begin at home.

How to stave off the threat of severe environmental catastrophe is less clear, though some measures are obvious: Conservation, research and development of renewable energy, measures to cut back emissions sharply, and others. What is eminently clear is that the longer we delay in addressing these problems, the more grave will be the consequences for future generations.

Stuart Alan Becker, author and a longtime journalist in Asia, is working on a history of US foreign policy since World War Two, and a book containing a lively exchange of correspondence with Professor Chomsky, called ‘Letters to Chomsky’.

ေခတ္ၿပိဳင္ ဂ်ာနယ္

အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္ငံ မက္ဆာခ်ဴးဆက္စက္မႈတကၠသိုလ္ ပါေမာကၡ Mr. Noam Chomsky ႏွင့္ ထုိင္းႏုိင္ငံ ဘန္ေကာက္ပုိ႔စ္သတင္းစာ ေမးျမန္းခန္းမွ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံဆုိင္ရာ ေကာက္ႏုတ္ခ်က္

အသက္ (၈၀) တန္း ရွိေနၿပီျဖစ္သည့္ ပါေမာကၡ Mr. Avram Noam Chomsky သည္ ဘာသာေဗဒ ပညာရွင္၊ အေတြးအေခၚပညာရွင္၊ ႏုိင္ငံေရးလႈပ္ရွားသူ၊ စာေရးဆရာ၊ ကထိက စသည့္ ဂုဏ္ပုဒ္ မ်ားႏွင့္ ေက်ာ္ၾကားသူျဖစ္သည္။ သူ၏ စာတန္းမ်ား၊ သေဘာတရား အယူအဆမ်ားေၾကာင့္ ႏုိင္ငံတကာ တကၠသိုလ္ ပညာတတ္အသုိင္းအ၀န္းႏွင့္ သိပၸံပညာ အသုိင္းအ၀န္းတုိ႔တြင္ ေက်ာ္ၾကား သည့္ ပညာရွင္တဦးျဖစ္သည္။

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ဗီယက္နမ္စစ္ႏွင့္ လူသားအနာဂတ္ဆုိင္ရာ ကိစၥမ်ားႏွင့္ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ပါေမာကၡ Mr. Noam Chomsky အား ထုိင္းႏုိင္ငံ ဘန္ေကာက္ပုိ႔စ္သတင္းစာက ေမးျမန္းခ်က္ကုိ ဇူလုိင္ (၁၄) ရက္ထုတ္ ဘန္ေကာက္ပုိ႔စ္ သတင္းစာတြင္ ေဖာ္ျပထားသည္။ ထုိေမးျမန္းခ်က္မ်ားထဲမွ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ အပုိင္းကုိ ေကာက္ႏုတ္ ဘာသာျပန္ထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

ေမး – ၁၉၆၂ ခုႏွစ္မွာ ျမန္မာျပည္ကို စစ္အစိုးရ အာဏာသိမ္းေစမယ့္ လႈပ္ရွားမႈေတြမွာ အေမရိကန္ အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ အေရးပါတဲ့ အခန္းက႑ကေန ပါ၀င္လႈပ္ရွားခဲ့တယ္လို႔ ဆရာ ေျပာခဲ့တယ္ေနာ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ နားမလည္တဲ့ ဇာတ္ကြက္တို႔၊ ေနာက္ေၾကာင္းတို႔က ဘာေတြပါလဲ။ ယူေကႏုိင္ငံက ျမန္မာျပည္မွာ အႀကီးအက်ယ္ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံတာတို႔၊ ေစာေစာပိုင္းမွာ အေမရိကန္က လက္နက္ ေရာင္းတာတို႔၊ မၾကာေသးခင္က စစ္အစိုးရကို အစၥေရးက လက္နက္ေရာင္းတာတို႔လိုမ်ိဳးေတြရဲ႕ အက်ိဳးဆက္က ဘာေတြမ်ားျဖစ္မလဲ။ စစ္အစိုးရကို ေရနံနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ရွယ္ဗရြန္ ေရနံကုမၸဏီက ေဒၚလာေတြ သန္းေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ေထာက္ပံ့ေပးေနတာမ်ိဳးရဲ႕ အက်ိဳးဆက္ကေရာ ဘာပါလဲ။
ေျဖ – ၁၉၅၀ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ေလာက္က ျမန္မာအစိုးရဟာ အေရြးခ်ယ္ခံအစိုးရအဖြဲ႕နည္းနည္းထဲက အစိုးရျဖစ္ၿပီး ၾကားေန၀ါဒ က်င့္သုံးလုိတဲ့သေဘာရွိတယ္။ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္ အုိင္ဆင္ေဟာင္၀ါ အေမရိ ကန္ အစိုးရကလည္း အာရွႏုိင္ငံေတြကုိ စစ္ေအးတုိက္ပြဲထဲ ဆြဲသြင္းဖုိ႔ အားသြန္ခြန္စိုက္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းေန တယ္။ အဲသလုိ အၾကမ္းဖက္လုပ္ရပ္၊ အစိုးရ ျဖဳတ္ခ်ေရးလုပ္ရပ္ေတြ ေျခလွမ္းက်ယ္က်ယ္နဲ႔ လုပ္ေနမႈရဲ႕ အစိတ္အပုိင္း တရပ္အေနနဲ႔ ၀ါရွင္တန္အစိုးရဟာ လက္နက္ ျပည့္ျပည့္စံုစံု ကိုင္ေဆာင္ ထားတဲ့ တ႐ုတ္ျဖဴတပ္ဖြဲ႕ေတြကို တ႐ုတ္ႏိုင္ငံတြင္း နယ္စပ္စစ္ဆင္ေရးေတြလုပ္ဖို႔ ျမန္မာျပည္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္းကို သြင္းပါေလေရာ။ ဒီကိစၥကို ျမန္မာဘက္က တားဖို႔ အစြမ္းကုန္ႀကိဳးစားတယ္။ ဒါေပ မယ့္ တားလို႔မရဘူး။ တ႐ုတ္ျဖဴေတြက မၿငိမ္မသက္ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ ျမန္မာျပည္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းက တိုင္းရင္း သား ေသာင္းက်န္းသူေတြကို လက္နက္နဲ႔ အေထာက္အပံ့ေတြ ေပးတယ္။ ဒီေတာ့ အျပန္အလွန္ အေနနဲ႔ ေနာက္ဆံုး ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ စစ္တပ္လက္ထဲ အာဏာေရာက္သြားၿပီး ေနာက္ဆုံး ၁၉၆၂ ခုမွာ အာဏာသိမ္းတဲ့ထိ ျဖစ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ အစိုးရျဖဳတ္ခ်ေရး လုပ္ရပ္ကို ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးမူ၀ါဒအျဖစ္ ေအာ္ဒ ေရးနဲ႔ ေဂ်ာ့ခ်္ကဟင္တို႔က ဒီကိစၥကို ေဆြးေႏြးၾကတယ္။ ေဂ်ာ့ခ်္ကဟင္က နာမည္ေက်ာ္ အေရွ႕ ေတာင္အာရွ ပညာရွွင္ေတြထဲမွာ တေယာက္အပါအ၀င္ပဲ။ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စုက ပညာေရး စည္းမ်ဥ္းကို တည္ေထာင္သူလို႔ေတာင္ တင္စားေျပာႏုိင္သူျဖစ္တယ္။ ခင္ဗ်ားေျပာခဲ့တဲ့ အေမရိကန္၊ ယူေကနဲ႔ အစၥေရးတို႔ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္ေတြရဲ႕ အက်ိဳးဆက္ေတြကေတာ့ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရကို ပိုၿပီး အင္အားေတာင့္တင္းသြားေစတာေပါ့။ အဲဒီကိစၥေတြကို အထူး ကၽြမ္းက်င္သူေတြနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံေရး လႈပ္ရွားသူေတြကလြဲၿပီး အေမရိကန္မွာ အစီရင္ခံခဲ့တာမ်ိဳးလည္း မရွိခဲ့ဘူး။ လူမသိခဲ့ဘူး။ ဘာျဖစ္ လို႔လည္းဆိုေတာ့ အေမရိကန္ေတြက “ငါတို႔ပဲေကာင္းတယ္”၊ “သူမ်ားေတြဆိုးတယ္” ဆိုတဲ့
အယူ၀ါဒစြဲနဲ႔ အကဲပိုပို ၾကား၀င္စြက္ဖက္တတ္လို႔ပဲ။ ဒီအယူ၀ါဒဟာ တကယ္လည္း ျပည္နယ္ တိုင္းရဲ႕ ၀ါဒျဖန္႔ခ်ိေရးစနစ္ အုတ္ျမစ္ပဲေလ။

ေမး – ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ လူထုအံုႂကြမႈႀကီး ျဖစ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ ေအာင္ျမင္ႏိုင္မယ့္ အေနအထားမ်ိဳး ရွိလား။ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ စစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေတြအေနနဲ႔ အာဏာကို စြန္႔လႊတ္လုိ႔ အက်ိဳးအျမတ္မရွိတဲ့အတြက္ ဆူပူ အံုႂကြတဲ့သူေတြ အသတ္ခံရမယ္လို႔ ထင္လား။
ေျဖ – က်ေနာ္ဒီေမးခြန္းကို ပိုင္ပိုင္ႏိုင္ႏိုင္ ေျဖရေလာက္ေအာင္လည္း ေသေသခ်ာခ်ာ မသိဘူး။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အခုအခ်ိန္မ်ိဳးမွာေတာ့ အသတ္ခံရမယ္လို႔ ထင္တာပဲ။ တဖက္က ၾကည့္မယ္ဆိုရင္လည္း စစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြလည္း အသက္ေတြ ရလာၿပီဆိုေတာ့ သူတုိ႔အာဏာကို ပြန္းပဲ့ေစမယ့္ ထင္ရွား တဲ့ ဖီဆန္ေရး အင္အားစုေတြ စစ္တပ္ထဲမွာ ေပၚလာႏုိင္ပါတယ္။

ေမး – ေဂ်ာ့ခ်္ဘုရွ္နဲ႔ ဇနီးေလာ္ရာတို႔က ျမန္မာျပည္တြင္း ေျပာင္းလဲေရးအတြက္ ေတာင္းဆိုေနတဲ့ အေပၚမွာ မ႐ိုးသားတဲ့အခ်က္မ်ား ေတြ႕မိလား။ ဆိုင္ကလုန္းလြန္ကာလ ဒုကၡခံေနရတဲ့ ျမန္မာ ျပည္သူေတြကုိယ္စား အေမရိကန္သမၼတ ဘုရွ္လုပ္ရပ္ေတြဟာ အီရတ္တို႔ အာဖဂန္နစၥတန္တို႔ကို က်ဴးေက်ာ္တာမ်ိဳးဆိုတာထက္ လူ႔က်င့္၀တ္အရ တရားမွ်တေရးကို ပိုၿပီးေဇာင္းေပးတယ္လို႔ ထင္ပါသလား။
ေျဖ – ဘုရွ္က ယံုၾကည္မႈ နက္႐ႈိင္းတဲ့ ခရစ္ယာန္တေယာက္အျဖစ္ ဟန္ျပရတာ သေဘာက်တဲ့ လူမ်ိဳး။ ခရစ္ေတာ္ရဲ႕ အေဟာေတြကိုလည္း သူေလ့လာရင္ ေလ့လာခဲ့မွာပါ။ ေလ့လာခဲ့မယ္ဆိုရင္ ခရစ္ေတာ္အေဟာမွာ ေၾကာင္သူေတာ္ဆိုတဲ့ နာမည္ေက်ာ္ အဓိပၸာယ္ဖြင့္ဆိုခ်က္ကို သူသိမယ္။ အဲဒီ ဖြင့္ဆိုခ်က္ကို သူ႔ေခါင္းထဲမွာ ေကာင္းေကာင္းမွတ္ထားတာျဖစ္မယ္။ ဘုရွ္ေမာင္ႏွံအေနနဲ႔ သူတို႔မွာ ႐ိုးသားမႈဆိုတာ ရွိေနရင္ ႐ိုးသားမႈကို ျပႏိုင္မယ့္ နည္းလမ္းေတြ အမ်ားႀကီး ရွိေနတယ္ဆိုတာ ေတြးၾကည့္လို႔ရတာပဲ။ ဆဒၵမ္ဟူစိန္အေနနဲ႔ ဟာလက္ဘ္ဂ်ာမွာ ကာ့ဒ္လူမ်ိဳးေတြကို ဓာတ္ေငြ႕ေပး သတ္တာထက္ ငတ္မြတ္ေနတဲ့ ကေလးေတြကို ေငြေၾကးနည္းနည္းပါးပါး ေထာက္ပံ့မယ္ဆို လူ႔က်င့္၀တ္အရ ပိုၿပီး ဆီေလ်ာ္တာေပါ့ေလ။ နာဂစ္နဲ႔ အီရတ္၊ အာဖဂန္အေရးေတြမွာလည္း အလားတူ ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြ ရွိေနတာကို ေတြ႕ရတယ္။

ေမး – ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ျပည္တြင္းအုံႂကြမႈ ေအာင္ျမင္သြားမယ္ဆိုရင္ တ႐ုတ္ႏိုင္ငံက ဘယ္လို တုံ႔ျပန္မယ္လို႔ ထင္ထားလဲ။
ေျဖ – တ႐ုတ္ႏိုင္ငံကေတာ့ စစ္အစိုးရ ျပဳတ္သြားတာကို သည္းခံေနမယ္လို႔ ယူဆရတာပဲ။ ႀကိဳဆို တာမ်ိဳးေတာင္ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္တယ္။ လက္ရွိ အာဏာရွင္ စစ္အစိုးရ တက္လာေအာင္ အာဏာသိမ္း လႈပ္ရွားမႈေတြမွာ အေမရိကန္အစိုးရရဲ႕ အေရးပါတဲ့ က႑ရွိခဲ့ဘူးတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အဲဒီအခ်က္က လက္ရွိအေျခအေနမွာ ဘယ္အတိုင္းအတာအထိ အေရးပါေနလည္းဆိုတာေတာ့ က်ေနာ္မသိဘူး။

ေမး – ျမန္မာစစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေတြရဲ႕ အမူအက်င့္ေတြ၊ စိတ္၀င္စားမႈေတြ၊ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြအတြက္ ဘယ္လိုဟာေတြက အဆင္ေျပသြားေစႏိုင္မလဲ ဆိုတာေတြကို ထဲထဲ၀င္၀င္ ေျပာျပႏိုင္တာမ်ား ရွိမလား။
ေျဖ – စစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေတြ သူတို႔အတြက္ေတာ့ ေကာင္းေနတာပဲေလ။ အာဏာစြန္႔လႊတ္လုိက္ရလို႔ လည္း သူတို႔ ဘာမွအက်ိဳးမရွိဘူးေလ။ အာဏာကုိ အၾကမ္းပတမ္း သုံးတဲ့အတြက္လည္း အႏၲရာယ္ ႀကီးႀကီးမားမား မရွိပါဘူး။ တပ္တြင္း အာဏာဖီဆန္မႈ မေပၚမခ်င္း ဒီတုိင္းသြားေနမွာပါပဲ။ အၾကမ္း မဖက္ဘဲ အစုလိုက္ အၿပံဳလိုက္ ဆႏၵျပၾကတယ္ဆိုတာ ဖိႏွိပ္သူရဲ႕ ကိုယ္ခ်င္းစာတရားအေပၚမွာ အေျခခံတယ္ေလ။ အၾကမ္းမဖက္ဘဲ ဆႏၵျပတယ္ဆိုတာလည္း ေအာင္ျမင္ခဲပါတယ္။ တခါတေလ က်ေတာ့လည္း ေမွ်ာ္လင့္မထားတဲ့ နည္းလမ္းမ်ိဳးေတြနဲ႔ ေအာင္ျမင္တတ္ျပန္တယ္။ ဒီလို ကိစၥရပ္ မ်ိဳးနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္တဲ့ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ေတြကလည္း လူ႔အဖြဲ႕အစည္းနဲ႔ လူ႔အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမွာရွိတဲ့ အလႊာ အသီးသီးရဲ႕ တကုိယ္ေရ အသိပညာေပၚမွာ အေျခခံမွျဖစ္မယ္။

ေမး – စစ္အစိုးရကလည္း ေတာ္ေတာ္ေၾကာက္ဖို႔ေကာင္းတဲ့အတြက္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေတြကလည္း ႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ သဘာ၀ အရင္းအျမစ္ေတြကို ကိုယ္က်ိဳးစီးပြားအတြက္ ခိုး၀ွက္တယ္။ လူသတ္မႈေတြ က်ဴးလြန္ တယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေရး အက်ဥ္းခ်မႈေတြ၊ အဓမၼ လုပ္အားေပးခိုင္းေစတာေတြ ရွိတယ္ဆိုရင္ ခံရတဲ့ ျပည္သူေတြက လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပုန္ကန္ထႂကြၾကတာကုိ လူ႔က်င့္၀တ္အရ မွ်တတယ္လုိ႔ ေျပာႏုိင္ ပါသလား။
ေျဖ – က်ေနာ့္အျမင္ေျပာရရင္ေတာ့ ကန္႔သတ္ခ်က္တခုနဲ႔ မွ်တတယ္လို႔ ေျပာႏုိင္တာေပါ့။ ခံစားေနရတဲ့ ျပည္သူေတြအတြက္ ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲ ႀကံဳရမယ့္ ျပႆနာေတြကုိ လက္နက္ကုိင္ အုံႂကြမႈက သတိ ထား အကဲျဖတ္သြားရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ျပည္သူေတြ ထႂကြတာ သင့္ေတာ္တယ္ လို႔ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ထင္တယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ျပည္သူေတြကို အစုလိုက္ အၿပံဳလိုက္ အသတ္ခံဖို႔ စေတး ၾကလို႔ က်ေနာ္ ေျပာခ်င္တာမဟုတ္ဘူးေနာ္။ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ပိုင္းေတြကို လုပ္ႀကံသတ္ျဖတ္တာမ်ိဳး ကလည္း လူသတ္သမားေတြကို သတ္တာ သင့္ေတာ္ရဲ႕လားဆိုတဲ့ ေမးခြန္းမ်ိဳးနဲ႔ အရမ္းတူတယ္။ သူတို႔ေတြကို အၾကမ္းမဖက္တဲ့ နည္းလမ္းနဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီးတာမ်ိဳးဆိုရင္ေတာ့ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ေခ်ရွိတယ္။ ဒါကို သူတို႔က ေသနတ္ဆြဲပစ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ မိမိကိုယ္ကိုယ္ ခုခံကာကြယ္ပိုင္ခြင့္အေနနဲ႔ သူတို႔ကို ျပန္ပစ္သတ္ရတာ သဘာ၀က်တယ္။ တျခားေရြးစရာလမ္းလည္း မရွိေတာ့ဘူးဆိုရင္ေပါ့ေလ။

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 14, 2008 at 3:25 pm

News on Burma’s Geoplotics (29-11-2007)

Top news only

  1. Musharraf to Take Oath as Civilian Leader
    Washington Post, United States –
    By Pamela Constable ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Nov. 28 — President Pervez Musharraf, after formally stepping down as the chief of Pakistan’s powerful army,
  2. FACTBOX-Five facts on Pakistan’s new army chief, Kayani
    Reuters –
    Nov 28 (Reuters) – Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf stepped down as army chief on Wednesday, as his hand-picked successor, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani,
  3. Manila gives rebel soldiers deadline to surrender
    Reuters –
    By Karen Lema and Raju Gopalakrishnan MANILA (Reuters) – Philippine police gave around two dozen rebel soldiers until 3 pm (2 am EST) on Thursday to halt their attempted mutiny in a luxury hotel in Manila’s financial district.
  4. Pall of Rioting Greets Sarkozy
    Washington Post –
    By Molly Moore PARIS, Nov. 28 — President Nicolas Sarkozy received no celebratory homecoming when he returned from Beijing on Wednesday with $30 billion in new business deals between France and China.
  5. US protests China’s port refusal
    CNN –
    WASHINGTON (CNN) — The United States has filed a formal protest with China over the decision to deny port visits to a US aircraft carrier and two other ships last week, an incident a Pentagon spokesman Wednesday called “baffling.
  6. Two Injured as Hotel Standoff in Manila Ends
    New York Times –
    Government soldiers prepare to the Peninsula Hotel in Manila. The hotel had been taken over earlier by dissident military officers who demanded that President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo resign.
  7. Musharraf Is Sworn In as a Civilian President
    New York Times –
    By CARLOTTA GALL and JANE PERLEZ ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Nov. 29 – A day after resigning as army chief, Pervez Musharraf was sworn in as a civilian president today.
  8. China Explains Decision to Block US Ships
    New York Times –
    By DAVID LAGUE Beijing, Nov. 29 – China blocked the visit to Hong Kong last week of a United States aircraft carrier battle group and other American warships in retaliation against the Bush administration’s proposed upgrading of Taiwan’s Patriot
  9. Vietnam caught between repression and reform
    Asia Times Online, Hong Kong –
    The ethnic Vietnamese activists, among them a US national mathematics researcher, a French national journalist and a Thai citizen, were arrested while handing our fliers that explained and promoted non-violent struggle for democratic change.
  10. Musharraf Defends Actions After Taking Oath
    New York Times –
    bkbangash/AP Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf gave an emotional speech after he was sworn in as the country’s civilian president today in Islamabad, Pakistan.
  11. Why Musharraf is Ending the Emergency
    TIME –
    President Pervez Musharraf speaks after taking the oath of office for a five-year term as a civilian president November 29, 2007 at the presidential palace in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

November 29, 2007 at 7:12 am