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အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ က်ဆံုးမွ တတိုင္းျပည္လံုး စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ခံစားရမယ္

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ေထာင္ခ်ေသာ္လည္း ေၾကာက္ရြံ႕ေနာက္တြန္႔မည္ မဟုတ္ (အင္တာဗ်ဴး)

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မဇၩိမ

ဇာနည္

ဗုဒၶဟူးေန႔၊ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ 24 2008 19:15 – ျမန္မာစံေတာ္ခ်ိန္

(သတင္းစာဆရာၾကီး ဦး၀င္းတင္ႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းခ်က္)

ခ်င္းမိုင္ (မဇၩိမ)။     ။ နယ္ေ၀းေထာင္မ်ားတြင္ ေထာင္ဒဏ္မ်ား က်ခံေနရသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအက်ဥ္းသားမ်ား၏ မိသားစုမ်ားထံ သြားေရာက္ေတြ႔ဆံုကာ အားေပးေနေသာ ႏွစ္ရွည္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအက်ဥ္းသားေဟာင္း သတင္းစာဆရာၾကီး ဦး၀င္တင္က ‘အက်ဥ္းသား မိသားစုမ်ားပါ ဒုကၡေရာက္ေနသျဖင့္ ၀ိုင္း၀န္းကူညီၾကရန္’ ယေန႔ တုိက္တြန္းလုိက္သည္။

သို႔ေသာ္လည္း ဆင္းရဲလွသည့္ မိသားစု၀င္မ်ားအေနျဖင့္ အားငယ္သြားျခင္း၊ အားေလ်ာ့သြားျခင္း မရွိသလို၊ ေထာင္ခ်သည့္အတြက္လည္း အာဏာပိုင္မ်ားကို ေၾကာက္ရြံ႕သြားမည္၊ တြန္႔ဆုတ္သြားမည္ မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း ဆရာၾကီးက ေျပာသည္။

ဒီမိုကေရစီေရး လႈပ္ရွားေနသူမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ အသံညီညီျဖင့္ လက္တဲြလုပ္ေဆာင္ပါရန္ တုိက္တြန္းလုိက္ေသးသည္။

ႏုိင္ငံေရးအက်ဥ္းသား မိသားစုမ်ားထံ သြားေရာက္အားေပးေနသည့္ အေျခအေနႏွင့္ သူ႔အျမင္္မ်ားကို သိရွိႏိုင္ရန္ မဇၩိမ သတင္းေထာက္ ဇာနည္က ေမးျမန္းထားသည္ကို တင္ျပလိုက္ပါသည္။

ေမး။    ။ ဘဘ အခု အက်ဥ္းက်ေနတဲ့ သူေတြရဲ႕ မိသားစုေတြကို လိုက္ေတြ႔ေနတယ္လို႔ သိရပါတယ္။ ဘယ္လိုေၾကာင့္ အခုလို လုိက္ေတြ႔ျဖစ္တာလဲဆိုတာ သိပါရေစရွင့္။

ေျဖ။    ။ ဒီဥစၥာက ဘယ္လိုလဲဆိုေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ကိုယ္တိုင္ ေထာင္ထဲမွာ အႏွစ္ ၂၀ ေလာက္ ေနခဲ့ရတာဗ်ာ။ အဲဒီမွာ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ကေရာ၊ ေနာက္ အားလံုးကေရာ ၀ိုင္းကူညီၾကတယ္။ အားေပးတယ္၊ သတိရတယ္လို႔ ေျပာတယ္။ တခါတေလလည္း မုန္႔ဘာညာ စသည္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ လာလာျပီးေတာ့ ေပးၾကတယ္။ ငပိေၾကာ္ျဖစ္ျဖစ္ေပါ့။ ဒီလိုနဲ႔ က်ေနာ္ အႏွစ္ ၂၀ ကို ျဖတ္သန္းခဲ့ရတာ။

ဆိုေတာ့ ဒီလူေတြရဲ႕ေက်းဇူး၊ ဒီလူေတြရဲ႕ လုပ္ရပ္ကို မေမ့ႏိုင္ဘူး။ က်ေနာ့္ ေပးတဲ့သူက ေမာင္ျဖဴ ျဖစ္ေပမယ့္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ ျပန္ေပးတာက ေမာင္မဲဆိုရင္လည္း ဒါက ေမာင္ျဖဴကို ေက်းဇူးဆပ္တယ္လို႔ပဲ သေဘာထားတယ္ေလ။ ဘာလို႔လဲဆိုေတာ့ ဒါက လူတိုင္း ၀ိုင္းလုပ္ေပးလို႔ က်ေနာ္ အသက္ရွည္လာတာဗ်။ ေထာင္ထဲမွာက အသက္ရွည္ႏိုင္စရာ မရွိဘူး။ ဒီအစိုးရရဲ႕ ဖိႏွိပ္မႈေတြ ခ်ဳပ္ခ်ယ္မႈေတြ ခံေနရတာ။ ဒါေတာင္ က်ေနာ္ ညႇဥ္းဆဲခံရတာေတြ ထည့္မေျပာေသးဘူး။ ဒီအစိုးရ ဒီေလာက္ၾကပ္မတ္ ခ်ဳပ္ခ်ယ္ထားတဲ့ အထဲမွာ တေယာက္ထဲ ပိတ္ေနတဲ့အခါေတြမွာ က်ေနာ္ အသက္ရွည္စရာအေၾကာင္း မရွိဘူး။

ဒီလို က်ေနာ့္ကို အားေပးတဲ့ လူေတြ၊ က်ေနာ့္ကို သတိရတဲ့လူေတြေၾကာင့္သာ က်ေနာ္ အသက္ရွည္ခဲ့တာဗ်။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ဒီေန႔ က်ေနာ္သြားကူေနတယ္၊ ဘာညာဆိုတာက က်ေနာ့္ရဲ႕ ပုဂိၢဳလ္ေရးအရကို လုပ္တာ။ ေတာ္ေတာ့္ကိုေတာ့ ေမာတယ္ဗ်ာ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ က်ေနာ္ တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ် လုပ္မွာပါပဲ။ က်ေနာ္ ဘယ္ကမွ ပိုက္ဆံ ရလို႔ေတာ့ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ က်ေနာ့ မိတ္ေဆြေတြ ေထာက္ပံ့တဲ့ လမ္းစရိတ္ကို က်ေနာ္ ေခၽြတာျပီး လိုင္းကားစီးျပီး သူတို႔ကို မုန္႔ေလး ဘာေလး ၀ယ္ျပီး ေပးတယ္။ ဒါပါပဲ။

ေမး။    ။ ဘဘ ဒီလိုသြားေတာ့ သူတို႔ မိသားစု၀င္ေတြရဲ႕ စိတ္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ၊ ကာယပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ အေျခေနေတြကို ဘယ္လိုေတြ႔ခဲ့ရပါလဲရွင့္။

ေျဖ။    ။ က်ေနာ္ေျပာခ်င္တာေတာ့ ႏွစ္ခ်က္ သံုးခ်က္ ရွိမယ္ဗ်။ တခ်က္က လူတိုင္းက သိပ္ျပီးေတာ့ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ထင္သလို စိတ္ပ်က္ အားငယ္ေနတာေတာ့ မရွိဘူးဗ်။ လူတိုင္းက တက္ၾကြေနတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ လာတဲ့အတြက္လည္း ပိုျပီးေတာ့ ထက္သန္တက္ၾကြေနတယ္။ ၀မ္းသာေနတယ္။ က်ေနာ္ အဲဒါကို ေတြ႔ခဲ့ရတယ္။ ေနာက္တခ်က္က ဘယ္လိုလဲဆိုေတာ့ ဒီထဲမွာက တခ်ဳိ႕ ေတာင့္ေတာင့္တင္းတင္းေပါ့ဗ်ာ၊ စီးပြားေရးအားျဖင့္ ေတာင့္တင္းပံုေပၚတဲ့ မိသားစုမ်ားထက္ ေတာ္ေတာ္ဆင္းရဲတဲ့သူေတြကို သြားေတြ႔တယ္ဗ်။ အဲဒီ အခါက်ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ေတာ့ ဒီအစိုးရလုပ္တဲ့ပံုကို သိပ္ျပီးေတာ့ စိတ္ထဲ စိတ္ပ်က္တယ္ဗ်ာ။

ဘာလို႔လဲဆိုေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ေျပာတာက အက်ဥ္းသားေတြ ေထာင္က်တယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေရး လုပ္တဲ့အတြက္ ေထာင္က်မယ္ဆိုတာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားတိုင္း နားလည္ျပီးသား ကိစၥ။ ဆိုပါေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ဆို ေထာင္ျပန္က်လည္း ရယ္ဒီပဲ။ က်ေနာ္ ဒီေန႔အထိလည္း ေထာင္အ၀တ္အစား အျပာေရာင္တို႔ ဘာတို႔ပဲ ၀တ္ေနတာပဲ၊ ဘာမွလည္း တြန္႔ဆုတ္မႈ မရွိဘူး၊ ဘာမွလဲ ဂ႐ုမစိုက္ဘူး။ က်ေနာ္ လုပ္စရာရွိတာ က်ေနာ္ လုပ္ေနတာပဲ။ အဲဒီေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရး အက်ဥ္းသားတိုင္းအတြက္ကလည္း ေထာင္က်တယ္ဆိုတာ မဆန္းဘူးဗ်။ ဒါေပမဲ့ ဒီအစိုးရက သိပ္ျပီးေတာ့ကို ေတာ္ေတာ့္ကို ဆိုးဆုိး၀ါး၀ါး လုပ္တာပဲ။

က်ေနာ္ စဥ္းစားၾကည့္တယ္။ ခုနက ေျပာတဲ့ တခ်က္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ မိသားစုေတြက ေတာ္ေတာ္ကို ဆင္းရဲတယ္ဗ်ာ။ ဆင္းရဲတဲ့ အခါက်ေတာ့ ဒီေလာက္ဆင္းရဲတဲ့ မိသားစုေတြက ဘယ္လိုျဖစ္လဲဆိုေတာ့ အေ၀းမွာ ေထာင္ေတြက က်တယ္ဆိုေတာ့ ဥပမာဆို ပူတာအိုက်တဲ့ မိသားစု ပါတယ္ေပါ့။ တေန႔က က်ေနာ္ ေဒါပံုနယ္ထဲ သြားတယ္။ အဲဒီမွာ ေလး၊ ငါး ဆယ္အိမ္ေလာက္သြားတာဆိုေတာ့ အဲဒီက လူေတြက ေတာ္ေတာ့္ကို ဆင္းရဲတယ္ဗ်ာ။ ဆင္းရဲလိုက္တာမွဗ်ာ အိမ္ေလးေတြကလည္း က်ဥ္းက်ဥ္းေလးေတြ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ သူတို႔ စိတ္ဓာတ္အားျဖင့္ေတာ့ မက်ဘူး။ မက်ဘူး ဆိုေပမယ့္ဗ်ာ စိတ္ေတာ့ နည္းနည္းေလး ညစ္ေနတာေပါ့။

စိတ္ညစ္တယ္ဆိုတာက ခင္ဗ်ားတို႔ စဥ္းစားၾကည့္ေလ။ ဒီထဲမွာ ကေလးတေယာက္က ပူတာအုိသြားရမယ္ဆိုျပီး ပါတယ္။ စစ္ေတြကို သြားရမယ့္သူေတြ ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီဟာေတြဟာ ခရီးစရိတ္ကထား၊ ICRC က ကူတယ္ ဆိုေသာ္ျငားလည္း၊ ခင္ဗ်ား ဒီခရီးက စားေရးေသာက္ေရး၊ ေနေရးထိုင္ေရး ရွိေသးတယ္။ ဘာလို႔ဆိုေတာ့ အဲဒီကို သြားတာ တပတ္ႏွစ္ပတ္ၾကာတယ္။ အဲဒီေတာ့ သူတို႔ စားေရးေသာက္ေရးက ဟိုမွာတင္ အခက္အခဲရွိ႐ံု မဟုတ္ဘူး။ သူတို႔ ရန္ကုန္မွာက ေန႔စား လက္လုပ္လက္စားေတြဗ်ာ။ သူတို႔ ဘာမွ အလုပ္မလုပ္ႏိုင္ဘူး။ ႏိုင္ငံေရး လုပ္တဲ့သူတင္ ေထာင္က်တာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ မိသားစုပါ ဒုကၡေရာက္ေနတာဗ်ာ။ ၀ိုင္းကူႏိုင္ရင္ ကူၾကပါ ကူႏိုင္ေအာင္လည္း လုပ္ၾကပါလို႔ က်ေနာ္ တိုက္တြန္းခ်င္တယ္။

ေမး။    ။ အခုလို ႏွစ္ရွည္ေထာင္ဒဏ္ေတြ ခ်မွတ္ခံရတာေတြ၊ ေနာက္ နယ္ေ၀းက ေထာင္ေတြကို ပို႔ခံရတာေတြ အေပၚ ဘယ္လိုျမင္ပါသလဲ ဘဘ။

ေျဖ။    ။ အဲဒါက အစိုးရ အေနနဲ႔က မလုပ္ေကာင္းတာပဲဗ်ာ။ ေထာင္ခ်ခ်ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ မိသားစုပါ ဒုကၡေရာက္ေအာင္ေတာ့ မလုပ္ေကာင္းဘူးေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ က်ေနာ္ေတာ့ အဲလိုပဲ သေဘာရတယ္ဗ်။ တမင္ႏွိပ္စက္တာေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ လူေတြကို အက်ဥ္း ႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ခ်တယ္။

စဥ္းစားၾကည့္ဗ်ာ။ လူသတ္မႈ က်ဴးလြန္တာေတာင္ ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ႏွစ္၂၀ စသည္ေလာက္ပဲ က်ႏိုင္တယ္။ အဲဒါမ်ဳိးေတြကို၊ လူေတြကို ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ႏွစ္ ၆၀ ေတြဘာေတြ ခ်တယ္ဆိုတာက ရွင္းရွင္းေျပာရင္ ဒါက လူေတြကို မတရားသျဖင့္ လုပ္တာပဲဗ်။ တရားဥပေဒနဲ႔ အညီလုပ္တာ မဟုတ္ဘဲ မတရားသျဖင့္ လုပ္တာပဲဗ်။

မေန႔တေန႔က လူငယ္တေယာက္ဆိုရင္ တေနရာကို ၃ ႏွစ္ေလာက္က်တာ။ ၀န္ထမ္းတေယာက္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္တယ္ဆိုျပီးေတာ့လား မသိဘူး။ သူ႔ကို ၃ မႈနဲ႔ ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ၉ ႏွစ္ ခ်တယ္ဗ်ာ။ ဒါမ်ဳိးက မလုပ္ေကာင္းတဲ့ အလုပ္ေတြပဲ။ တရားစီရင္ေရးဟာ တရားသျဖင့္ မဟုတ္ဘူးဆိုတာ ထင္ရွားေနတာပဲ။ ထားေတာ့ ဒါကေတာ့ အက်ဥ္းသားေတြကို ေထာင္ခ်တဲ့အတြက္ က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ မေျပာခ်င္ဘူး။ မ်ားတာ နည္းတာလည္း ဂ႐ုမစိုက္ပါဘူး။

ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမား ေထာင္ခ်တာလည္း က်ေနာ္က သိပ္ျပီး မေျပာခ်င္ဘူး။ ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားကေတာ့ ေထာင္က်ရင္က်မယ္ လုပ္တာပဲ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ မိသားစုကိုေတာ့ ဒီေလာက္ၾကီး မညႇဥ္းဆဲေကာင္းဘူးဗ်။ စဥ္းစားၾကည့္ေလ။ တရားသျဖင့္လည္း မဟုတ္ဘူးဗ်ာ။ မိသားစုကို ဒုကၡေရာက္ေအာင္ ထပ္လုပ္တယ္။ ဒါလုပ္ေကာင္းသလားဗ်ာ။

ေအာက္္ဗမာျပည္က အက်ဥ္းသားကုိ ပုသိမ္ပို႔တာတို႔၊ ဖ်ာပံုပို႔တယ္။ ဘားအံပို႔တယ္ဆို ထားအံုး။ ေနာက္ အင္းစိန္ေထာင္မွာ မတရားနဲ႔ ေထာင္က်ေနတဲ့သူေတြ မ်ားလြန္းလို႔ ေနရာမရွိဘူး။ ေနရာမရွိလို႔ အေ၀းပို႔ရတယ္ဆို ေတာ္ေသးတယ္။ ဘယ့္ႏွယ္ဗ်ာ ေအာက္ဗမာျပည္က လူကို ပူတာအိုပို႔တယ္ဆိုတာေတာ့ တရားလြန္တာေပါ့။ က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ ဒီလိုပဲ သေဘာရပါတယ္။

ေမး။    ။ႏိုင္ငံေရးလႈပ္ရွားတဲ့ သူေတြကို အခုလိုမ်ဳိး ႏွစ္ရွည္ေထာင္ဒဏ္ေတြခ်တာ အေ၀းက ေထာင္ေတြကို ပို႔တာေတြ လုပ္ေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈေတြက အရွိန္ေလ်ာ့သြားႏိုင္ပါသလား ဘဘ။

ေျဖ။    ။ မေလ်ာ့ဘူး မနည္းသြားဘူး။ က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ စိတ္အားထက္သန္ေနလို႔လားေတာ့ မသိဘူး။ က်ေနာ္ေတာ့ နည္းမယ္လို႔ မထင္ဘူး။ ဘာလို႔ က်ေနာ္ ဒီလိုေျပာႏိုင္လဲဆိုေတာ့ အေထာက္အထားမရွိ၊  စိတ္ကူးစိတ္သန္းနဲ႔ ေျပာေနတာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ အခု က်ေနာ္ သြားေတြ႔တဲ့ မိသားစုေတြဆိုရင္ ေတာ္ေတာ္ကို ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးတဲ့ မိသားစုေတြ ျဖစ္ေပမယ္လို႔ အကုန္လံုးက မ်က္ရည္တေပါက္ မက်ဘူး။ ဘယ္သူကမွ စိတ္အားပ်က္တဲ့စကား မေျပာဘူး။ မိဘေတြကလည္း သူတို႔ကို ေထာက္ခံေနတုန္းပဲဗ်။ မိဘေတြကလည္း ဘာမွ စိတ္ပ်က္တာ မရွိဘူး။

အဲဒီေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ထင္တယ္ ဒီလို ေထာင္ခ်တဲ့အတြက္နဲ႔ေတာ့ လူေတြက ပိုျပီးေတာင္ ထက္သန္လာတယ္။ အိမ္တအိမ္ဆိုရင္ မိခင္တေယာက္က ေျပာတယ္။ ‘အခု ကေလးေတြ ၾကည့္ရတာတဲ့၊ ေထာင္ေတြ အရမ္းခ်တာေတာင္မွ ပိုေတာင္မွ စိတ္အားထက္သန္ေနတယ္’ တဲ့။ တက္ၾကြေနတယ္ေပါ့ေလ။ ဆိုေတာ့ က်ေနာ္က အေထာက္ထားမဲ့ ေျပာတာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ က်ေနာ့ ကိုယ္ေတြ႔ေပါ့ေလ။ ျမင္ေတြ႔ေနရတယ္။

ဆင္းရဲတဲ့ မိသားစုေတြထဲမွာ အားငယ္သြားျခင္း၊ အားေလ်ာ့သြားျခင္းဆိုတာ ဘာမွ မရွိဘူးဗ်။ အဲဒီေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ေျပာႏိုင္တယ္။ ဒီလိုေထာင္ခ်တဲ့အတြက္နဲ႔ကေတာ့ သူတို႔ကို ဘယ္သူမွ ေၾကာက္မွာလည္း မဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘယ္သူမွလည္း ဂ႐ုမစိုက္ဘူး။ ဘယ္သူမွ ဂ႐ု မစိုက္ဘူးဆိုတာက အက်ဥ္းေထာင္ထဲမွာ ေရာက္ေနတဲ့ ေက်ာင္းသားလူငယ္ေတြ မကဘူး၊ ျပင္ပမွာရွိေနတဲ့ သူတို႔ မိဘေတြကလည္း ဘာမွကို ဂ႐ုစိုက္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘာမွ ေၾကာက္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘာမွ တြန္႔ဆုတ္ေနမွာ မဟုတ္ဘူးလို႔ပဲ ေျပာခ်င္တယ္။

ေမး။    ။ ဘဘ ဒီလို အက်ဥ္းက်သူေတြရဲ႕ မိသားစုေတြကို လုိက္ေတြ႔ေတာ့ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြဘက္က ေစာင့္ၾကည့္တာေတြ၊ ေႏွာင့္ယွက္တာေတြေရာ ရွိပါသလား ဘဘ။

ေျဖ။    ။ ဟာ အမ်ားၾကီးေပါ့ဗ်ာ၊ အမ်ားၾကီးေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ တေန႔က က်ေနာ္ ေျမာက္ဥကၠလာဘက္သြားတာ။ ထြက္ထားတဲ့ ေက်ာင္းသားလူငယ္ ၁၄ ေယာက္ေလာက္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ဗ်ာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကို ေနာက္ကေန အၿမဲတမ္း လိုက္ေနက်က ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးက လူ ၂ ေယာက္ေလာက္ ေမာ္ေတာ္ဆိုင္ကယ္ ၂ စီးေလာက္္ပဲ ရွိတာ။ အဲဒီေန႔ကဆို ဆိုင္ကယ္က အားလံုးေပါင္း ၉ စီးေလာက္ရွိတယ္။ ေနာက္ထပ္ ၇ စီး ေရာက္လာတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔လည္း လူေတာ့ နည္းနည္းေတာ့ မ်ားတယ္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။

ဒါေပမယ္လို႔ သူတို႔လုပ္တာနဲ႔ကို အရပ္ထဲမွာ လူေတြက ၀ုိင္းၾကည့္ ဘာညာနဲ႔ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ ဘာလို႔ဆိုေတာ့ ဒီေနရာ၊ ဒီအိမ္မွာကေတာ့ အက်ဥ္းက်ေနတဲ့ ဘယ္သူဘယ္၀ါဆိုတာ အန္အယ္လ္ဒီက လူေတြ အိမ္ဆိုတာေတြက သူတို႔ သိၾကတယ္။ အဲဒီ သိတဲ့အထဲမွာ ထပ္ျပီးေတာ့ သူတို႔ေတြက ေမာ္ေတာ္ဆိုင္ကယ္ေတြ ဘာေတြနဲ႔ ‘တဘြန္းဘြန္း’ လုပ္တဲ့ အခါက်ေတာ့ လူေတြက ၀ိုင္းၾကည့္ဘာၾကည့္။

အဲဒီေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ေျပာခ်င္တာက အေၾကာင္းေၾကာင္းေၾကာင့္ ဆူတာပူတာတို႔ လႈပ္လႈပ္႐ွား႐ွားျဖစ္တာတို႔ ေအာ္တာဟစ္တာျဖစ္ရင္ သူတို႔တာ၀န္က ပိုမ်ားတယ္လို႔ ထင္တယ္ဗ်။ ဘာလို႔ဆို က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ အက်ဥ္းက်တဲ့သူေတြ ရဲေဘာ္ေတြ ကိုယ့္မိတ္ေဆြေတြ ဟုတ္လား။ ေနာက္ ကိုယ့္အဖြဲ႔အစည္းက လူေတြအေနနဲ႔ က်ေနာ္တို႔ သြားျပီး ႏႈတ္ဆက္တာပဲ အားေပးတာပဲ။ ဒါ့အျပင္ မပိုဘူး။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ေအးေအးေဆးေဆး သြားျပီးေတာ့ ေတြ႔တယ္။ တခါတေလ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဒီက တေယာက္ ႏွစ္ေယာက္ပဲ သြားတယ္။ တခါတေလေတာ့လည္း မ်ားတယ္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။

ဒါေပမဲ့ သူတို႔ လုပ္တာက တရားလြန္တယ္။ သူတို႔လုပ္တာနဲ႔ကို အရပ္ထဲမွာ ဆူတာပူတာ၊ ေအာ္တာဟစ္တာ မဟုတ္ရရင္လည္း လႈပ္လႈပ္႐ွား႐ွားျဖစ္တာေတြဆိုရင္ ဒါ သူတို႔တာ၀န္ဗ်။ သူတို႔တာ၀န္။ တခုေတာ့ ရွိတယ္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ အစိုးရ ကိုယ္၌ကလည္း တရားလြန္တယ္ဆိုေတာ့ သူတို႔လက္ေအာက္က သူတို႔ခိုင္းတာ လုပ္ေနရတဲ့ သူေတြ၊ သူ႔တာ၀န္အရ သူလုပ္တာကေတာ့ ပိုျပီးေတာ့ မ်ားေတာ့မွာေပါ့ဗ်ာ။

က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ အျပစ္မတင္ပါဘူး။ သူတို႔တာ၀န္ သူတို႔လုပ္ေပါ့။ ဒါေပမဲ့ လုပ္ပံု ေျပာပါတယ္။ အခုက်ေတာ့ ဟုိလူက ၀ိုင္းၾကည့္၊ ဒီလူက ၀ိုင္းၾကည့္နဲ႔ေပါ့။ တခုေပါ့၊ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကို ၀ိုင္းျပီး ႐ိုက္လႊတ္ရင္လည္း ဒါကေတာ့ တမ်ိဳးေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ အေၾကာင္းေၾကာင္းေၾကာင့္ ေအာ္ၾကဟစ္ၾကနဲ႔ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ သူတို႔ရဲ႕တာ၀န္ေပ့ါ။ သူတို႔ကို မေက်နပ္လို႔ ဆူပူရင္ ဒါက က်ေနာ္တို႔ လႈံ႕ေဆာ္တာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။

ေမး။    ။ ဘဘ အခု သြားတာမွာ အန္အယ္လ္ဒီကေန ထြက္ထားတဲ့ လူငယ္ေတြလည္း ပါတယ္လို႔ သိရပါတယ္။ ဒီထြက္ထားတဲ့ လူငယ္ေတြကို ဘဘ ဘယ္လိုစုစည္းထားလဲ။ သူတို႔အေပၚ ထားရွိတဲ့ ဘဘ ရဲ႕ သေဘာထားက ဘယ္လိုလဲဆိုတာ သိပါရေစရွင့္။

ေျဖ။    ။ အတြင္းက လူငယ္ေတြနဲ႔လည္း သြားတယ္။ ျမိဳ႕နယ္ဥကၠ႒ေတြနဲ႔လည္း သြားတယ္။ ဒီေန႔ဆို ျမိဳ႕နယ္ဥကၠ႒ တေယာက္ပါတယ္။ က်ေနာ္ေတာ့ အစံုသြားၾကည့္ေနတာပဲဗ်ာ။ ထြက္ထားတဲ့ လူငယ္ဆိုေတာ့ေပမယ့္လည္း က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ ထြက္ထားတဲ့ လူငယ္လို႔ သေဘာမထားဘူး။ က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ ဒါ အန္အယ္လ္ဒီအတြင္းမွာ ရွိေနတဲ့လူေတြပဲ။ ဒါေတြက က်ေနာ္က ဖက္ထားတဲ့ လူေတြ။ ဘာလို႔လဲဆိုေတာ့ က်ေနာ္က သူတို႔ ျပႆနာေတြကို မေျဖရွင္းေပးႏိုင္ဘူး။

မေပးႏိုင္ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္က ဖက္ထားတယ္။ မင္းတို႔ ဒီကေနထြက္ခ်င္တာလား ဆိုေတာ့ မဟုတ္ပါဘူးတဲ့။ မဟုတ္ဘူးဆိုေတာ့ ငါေတာ့ မင္းတို႔ကို ဖက္ထားမယ္။ မင္းတို႔ဟာ ထြက္ထားတဲ့ လူေတြ ဘာေတြ ေျပာေျပာ မင္းတို႔ဟာ ထုတ္ထားတဲ့လူေတြ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ မင္းတို႔ကို ျပန္လည္ညီညြတ္ေရးလုပ္ရေအာင္ ငါ့မွာလည္း ႏိုင္ငံေရးၾသဇာ မရွိဘူး။ အင္အားလည္း မရွိဘူး။ သို႔ေသာ္ ငါထင္တယ္။ ငါမင္းတို႔ကို ပိုက္ေထြးထားတဲ့ အားပဲ ရွိတယ္။ အဲလိုလုပ္ရတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းက ဘာလဲဆိုေတာ့ ေဒၚစုလာရင္ ေျဖရွင္းၾကမယ္ေပါ့။ ဘာလို႔ဆိုေတာ့ ေဒၚစုက ႏိုင္ငံေရး ၾသဇာရွိတယ္။ အင္အားရွိတယ္။ အဲဒီ အခါက်ရင္ သူ႔ၾသဇာ။ သူ႔ႏိုင္ငံေရး အင္အားနဲ႔ သူတို႔ အခု ျဖစ္ေနတာေတြကို ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္လိမ့္မယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ ထင္တယ္။ က်ေနာ္က ပိုက္ေထြးထားႏိုင္တယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ ယံုတယ္ေလ။

ေမး။    ။ ဒါဆိုရင္ ဘဘက ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ျပန္လြတ္၊ မလြတ္ ဆိုတဲ့အေပၚ ဘယ္လို ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ထားလို႔ပါလဲရွင့္။

ေျဖ။    ။ ဒါကေတာ့ ဟိုလူ လြတ္မယ္၊ ဒီလူ လြတ္မယ္လို႔ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေဗဒင္ေဟာတာက မေကာင္းဘူးခင္ဗ်။ အ႐ူးျဖစ္တတ္တယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေရး ေဗဒင္ေဟာရင္ မွားတာပဲ မ်ားတယ္။ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ေခ်က သူတို႔အစိုးအရရဲ႕ အေျခအေနနဲ႔ကေရာ၊ ကမၻာက ဖိအားေပးတာနဲ႔ကေရာ လြတ္ႏိုင္တဲ့ အေနအထားေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ ဒါကတေၾကာင္း။ ေနာက္တခုကေတာ့ ဦးေန၀င္းသမီး ေဒၚစႏၵာ၀င္း ျပန္လြတ္လာတာေတြ၊ ေနာက္ ဦးအုန္းၾကိဳင္လို ပုဂိၢဳလ္မ်ိဳးကို ျပန္လႊတ္လိုက္တာမ်ိဳး။ ေထာင္ခ်ဖို႔ ဖမ္းတာပဲဗ်ာ။ ေထာင္မက်ဘဲ ျပန္လြတ္လာတယ္ဆိုတာ ရွားတယ္ေလ။ အဲဒီ အျပင္ကို ေဒၚစုန႔ဲပတ္သက္ျပီး သူတို႔ေျပာတဲ့စကားက ေရွ႕ေနက အယူခံတင္ေတာ့ သူတို႔က ေတြ႔ခြင့္ေပးတယ္ဆို ေပးတယ္၊ မေပးဘူးဆို မေပးဘူးေျပာရင္ ျပီးျပီ။ အခုက သူတို႔က အစိုးရအဖြဲ႕က ကိုင္တြယ္ေနပါတယ္လို႔ ေျပာျခင္းအားျဖင့္ ဒါက ရွင္းရွင္းေလးပဲ။ လႊတ္ဖို႔ ကိုင္တြယ္တာလည္း ျဖစ္မယ္။ မလႊတ္ဖို႔ စဥ္းစားတာလည္း ျဖစ္မယ္ေပါ့။ ဘာပဲေျပာေျပာ အေကာင္းဘက္ကပဲ စဥ္းစားၾကည့္တာေပါ့။ မွားရင္လည္း မတတ္ႏိုင္ဘူးေပါ့ဗ်ာ။

ေမး။    ။ ဒီမိုကေရစီေရး လႈပ္ရွားေနတဲ့ သူေတြကို ဘဘ အေနနဲ႔ ဘာမ်ား ေျပာခ်င္ပါလဲရွင္။

ေျဖ။    ။ က်ေနာ္ကေတာ့ အားလံုး ညီညီညႊတ္ညႊတ္ လုပ္ေစခ်င္ပါတယ္။ အသံညီရမယ္ေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ လုပ္ေနတဲ့သူေတြ အားလံုး တေယာက္တေပါက္ မဟုတ္ဘဲ တသံထဲ ထြက္မယ္၊ အလုပ္ညီမယ္ဆိုရင္ ေကာင္းတာေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ အခုက အသံ မညီႏိုင္ေသးေတာ့ ျပႆနာေတြ ရွိတာေပါ့ဗ်ာ။ ဒါက ဒီစစ္အစိုးရကလည္း ဒီလိုျဖစ္ေအာင္ လမ္းေၾကာင္းေတြ ခ်ေနတာဗ်။ အကြဲအၿပဲေတြကို လိုက္ဖန္တီး မ်ဳိးေစ့လိုက္ခ်ေနတာဗ်။ ဒီေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ ေျပာခ်င္တာက အားလံုးေပါ့ဗ်ာ၊ ျပည္တြင္းျပည္ပက အဖြဲ႔ေတြ အားလံုးကို ေျပာခ်င္တာက က်ေနာ္တို႔ အသံညီညီနဲ႔ လုပ္ၾကရေအာင္လို႔ပါ။

http://www.mizzimaburmese.com/interview/2203-2008-12-24-13-01-08.html

မွတ္ခ်က္။  မဇၩိမ အင္တာနက္စာမ်က္ႏွာသို႔ ဝင္ဖတ္ရန္ အခက္အခဲရွိသူမ်ားအတြက္ အျပည့္အစံု ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

World focus on Burma (31 December 2008)

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Dr. King colleague and human rights pioneer to speak at MLK …
Manchester Journal, VT –
… fund the US Campaign for Burma in an effort to free Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi and end the continuing human rights violations in Burma. ..

2008 Natural Disaster Among Deadliest and Costliest On Record
Daily Green –
It left, by some estimates, nearly 150000 dead, making it the most deadly storm since 1991, and the most devastating ever to hit Burma (Myanmar). …

By Ashin Mettacara Nine members of the NLD party were arrested by Burmese police on Tuesday, a witness said. …

MYANMAR: Multi-purpose cyclone shelters needed – UN specialist
IRINnews.org, NY –
… disaster risk reduction specialist for the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in Myanmar, told IRIN in Yangon, the former Burmese capital. …

Myanmar Sends 19 North Korean Refugees To Thailand
Javno.hr, Croatia –
The military-ruled former Burma severed its ties with North Korea in 1983 after a major bomb attack in Yangon, allegedly plotted by Pyongyang, …

Ignored story may turn out to be biggest of 2008
Mansfield News Journal, OH –
Rather incredibly, the story of Cyclone Nargis, the tropical storm that hit Burma, did not crack the Top Ten. More than 84000 people were killed in that …

Natural disasters claim 220000 lives in 2008
Examiner.com –
German based Re in its annual assessment blamed two events as the primary causes – Cyclone Nargis which struck Myanmar and China’s Sichuan earthquake. …

More aid from EU seen to pour into South
Business Mirror, Philippines –
The EU also seeks to use the bilateral agreement with the Philippines to discuss the situation on North Korea and on Burma/Myanmar, using the Asean and the …

Protest takes a holiday
Bangkok Post, Thailand –
Kungyangon (AFP) – With tents still serving as homes and schools seven months after Cyclone Nargis lashed Burma, survivors say they are struggling to …

2008 NEWS REVIEW: January to June
Yorkshire Evening Post, UK –
More than 133000 Burmese people are killed by Cyclone Nargis, the deadliest natural disaster since the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami. …

Financial rumble that turned into a roar
Bradford Telegraph Argus, UK –
Cyclone Nargis followed by a 12ft tidal wave in Burma kills an estimated 130000 people and makes thousands more homeless. Saltaire’s Roberts Park to be …

BURMA: Junta Determined to ‘Guide’ 2010 Polls
Inter Press Service, Italy –
… the world body to a minor irritant became more evident after UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon cancelled plans to visit Burma, or Myanmar, in December. …

Cooping up Africa’s coup leaders
Sunday Times.lk, Sri Lanka –

In Asia, the military has run — and ruined — governments in several countries, including Burma (Myanmar), Bangladesh, Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines …

NLD youth attend talk on independence
Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –
During the talk, NLD leader Khin Maung Swe said that only the ruling elite had been enjoying the fruits of freedom since Burma won its independence in 1948. …

Can Anyone Explain What Happened Here?
See Magazine, Canada –
In May, a cyclone kills more than 133000 people. in Burma, aka Myanmar. Anybody remember this? Anybody?… Maxime Bernier resigns his federal cabinet post …

Perversion of Justice: Gulag America
Black Agenda Report, NJ –
1, far and away jailing more of its citizens than China, which ranks 118; Burma-Myanmar, at 117; and Zimbabwe, at 104. The Pew Center on the States shocked …

Water shortage in cyclone-hit areas
Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –
Dec 31, 2008 (DVB)–The parts of Burma’s delta region worst hit by Cyclone Nargis in May are facing a shortage of clean water due to delays in cleaning up …

Win Tin Denies NLD Divided Over 2010 Election
The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

By MIN LWIN Win Tin, a leading member of Burma’s main opposition party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), denied claims that he had said the party …

The Stories We Missed in 2008
The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –
… Dr Sein Win, cousin of detained democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi. Most Burmese exiles agree that Sein Win is a fine person, but they say that he is …

… maintain economic sanctions against Burma – also known as Myanmar – for its human rights record and long detention of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Burmese Migrants Earning, Learning in Thailand
The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –
By SAW YAN NAING A 56-year-old ethnic Shan migrant worker, Sam Htun, is typical of many Burmese who live in Thailand, grateful for the opportunity to work …

Report: Fewer Journalists Killed in 2008
Voice of America –
The report highlights an increase in Internet repression, with bloggers facing imprisonment in many countries, including Burma, China, Iran and Syria. …

New Year Honours list
Telegraph.co.uk, United Kingdom –
For services to the Burma Star Association in the South West. (Glastonbury, Somerset) Dr Roger Bevan Williams. Master of Chapel and Ceremonial Music, …

Bangladesh elects new Prime Minister
Wikinews –
It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma (Myanmar) to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. …

Burmese military arrest nine protesters
Radio Australia News, Australia –
Burma’s military regime has arrested nine protesters who staged an unauthorised march in the capital Rangoon. The group had been calling for the release of …

Today in History
IBTimes Australia, Australia –
In 1948, Burma (now called Myanmar) became independent of British rule. In 1951, during the Korean War, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces recaptured …

Bangladesh Elections: Secular Party Wins
The Moderate Voice –
Myanmar or Burma remains a sad exception. “Election officials say the Awami League alliance has won more than 250 of the 300 seats in parliament. …

YANGON (AFP) — Nine supporters of detained Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi were arrested on Tuesday as they held a protest in Yangon calling …

Press freedom round-up 2008 – Better figures despite a hostile …
Canada NewsWire (press release), Canada –
In Burma (17 arrests), outspoken journalists and bloggers were jailed in a crackdown by the military government. Reporters Without Borders comment: “The …

Memos to Obama: Wisdom for Leadership
Tikkun, CA –
… no longer bleeding in Iraq and Afghanistan, we can persuade China to stop supporting the genocides in Tibet, Xinjiang, North Korea, Burma, and Darfur. …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 31, 2008 at 1:16 am

The Best and the Worst of 2008: The World

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takingnote.tfc.org

The Best and the Worst of 2008: The World

Jeffrey Laurenti

Choosing which developments of the past year may prove of enduring significance, whether as the most positive or negative or some mixture of both, is inevitably subjective, but this observer of the global scene would spotlight the following:

Ten Best

· Bush agrees to Iraq withdrawal. After nearly six years of summoning America to fight till “victory” in Iraq, President George W. Bush capitulated to the demands of the elected regime the United States had brought to Baghdad for the complete withdrawal of all U.S. troops by 2011. Far from locking in an open-ended U.S. military presence in the Arab heartland as advocates of the invasion had expected, the status of forces agreement became the rallying point for a fractious Iraqi political class—emboldened by an improving security situation—to unite in demanding that the Americans go home.

· Cuba opens the door a crack. The Castro family continued to hold the reins in Havana after an incapacitated Fidel’s resignation, but successor Raúl initiated a series of steps to loosen the straitjacket of his brother’s purist communism: permitting Cubans to buy cell phones and computers; issuing private taxi licenses; opening foreign tourist enclaves to Cubans; allowing farmers to buy land and sell produce directly; even eliminating some salary caps. Though security services continued to jail dissenters, Cuba signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that Fidel had long opposed, prompting the European Union to relax sanctions against Havana and again join this year’s lopsided U.N. majority (185–3) calling for an end to the failed U.S. embargo.

· ICC prosecutor targets Sudan president on Darfur. Luis Moreno-Ocampo, chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court (ICC), threw the U.N. Security Council into turmoil by demanding from the ICC tribunal an arrest warrant against Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir, charging him with ordering genocide—Moreno did not shy away from the word—in the guise of “counterinsurgency.” Echoing longstanding arguments made by U.S. opponents of the ICC, Russia and China warned that an indictment would get in the way of a political deal to “solve” the Darfur crisis; human rights defenders, by contrast, saw the execution of arrest warrants as a big step toward a real solution, one founded on justice.

· Iraq accountability gathers steam. Raising hopes among U.S. advocates of the rule of law, the expiring Bush administration found itself under intensifying pressure on multiple fronts regarding widespread alleged illegalities in Iraq and in its treatment of detainees. Federal courts insisted on judicial review of Guantánamo detentions, inspectors-general documented massive waste in the U.S. occupation and willful deception on its failures, the administration’s favored private security force faced indictments for wanton killing of Iraqi civilians and expulsion from the country—and the Senate Armed Services Committee officially traced responsibility for torture directly to top administration officials.

· Literacy campaign produces progress. Halfway through the United Nations’ decade-long global effort to conquer illiteracy—of which U.S. First Lady Laura Bush has been a chief patron and honorary ambassador—the U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization reported a jump in the global literacy rate from 76 to 84 percent so far this decade. With the largest pools of illiterate adults residing in such high-growth developing economies as Brazil, China, and India, these countries’ redoubled investment in literacy should yield major reductions in the worldwide total of adults disabled by illiteracy, but UNESCO warns that most other developing countries are not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal of halving every country’s illiteracy rate by 2015.

· Lula’s Brazil eclipses Venezuela as lighthouse for the Latin left. Venezuela’s Bush-bashing president Hugo Chávez—beset by electoral setbacks at home and an abrupt crash in the oil revenues that had fueled his patronage of like-minded leaders abroad—continued to lose traction with Latin America’s resurgent democratic left. Brazil’s Lula da Silva, steadier and respected across the ideological spectrum, cemented his position as leader of the Latin left—deftly able to confront conservative Washington without provoking it, even while admitting communist Cuba into the Latin/Caribbean region’s Rio Group.

· Multiplying mediators move Middle East peace. As President Bush’s Annapolis “peace process” promising an accord between Israelis and Palestinians by the end of 2008 stalled out, other mediators emerged to facilitate negotiations that he could not—with Egypt and Qatar mediating talks between Israel and Hamas-ruled Gaza (and between Hamas and Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas’s West Bank-based authority), and Turkey as go-between for Israeli and Syrian negotiations. Though embattled prime minister Ehud Olmert outraged his former allies on the Israeli right by confessing that long-held “messianic dreams” of a greater Israel are unattainable and a return to the 1967 borders essential for Israel’s survival, his lame-duck government’s massive assault on Gaza when a fraying truce expired at year’s end left prospects for peace in 2009 problematical.

· Obama election excites worldwide “hope.” The world watched with amazement as American voters defied all expectations to nominate and then elect as president a biracial son of Africa, raised in Muslim Indonesia and pan-Asian Hawaii—symbolically as well as substantively as complete a repudiation as could be imagined of the harsh ideology Americans had accepted with Bush in 2004. The unprecedented 200,000 people who gathered in July to hear the candidate in Berlin evidenced the hopes for change invested in Barack Obama worldwide, as well as a reawakened admiration of America’s ideals, which his post-election commitment to “strengthening international institutions” did not disappoint.

· Polio, eliminated from Somalia, is again in retreat. Despite war and political anarchy, Somalis—supported financially by U.N. agencies, governments, and private funders such as Rotary International—succeeded in 2008 in eliminating polio, which had re-entered the country three years ago from northern Nigeria. With new polio infections worldwide having fallen from 350,000 twenty years ago to 1,308 in 2007, the World Health Organization this year targeted Afghanistan and Pakistan as the next countries to be made polio-free, leaving India and Nigeria as the last redoubts of the disease.

· Wobbly Pakistan returns generals to the barracks. Despite military ruler Pervez Musharraf’s efforts to cling to power through manipulated elections, Pakistan’s voters swept his loyalists out of parliament and handed power to a democratic coalition that forced the general into retirement. But the Islamabad security establishment—long involved with Islamic extremists in fomenting conflict in both Afghanistan and India—continues to resist control by elected civilians, as do restive tribal regions near Afghanistan, and the fate of Pakistan’s restored democracy remains very much in doubt.

Ten Worst

· Afghanistan unravels. Hamid Karzai’s beleaguered government in Kabul proved increasingly ineffectual in providing services to its population, or even security in its supposed strongholds, as Taliban insurgents extended their attacks throughout the country. Few European allies seemed to share the emerging Washington political consensus that more Western troops are needed to turn the tide militarily, and Karzai himself helplessly demanded control over high-casualty U.S. air strikes and invited direct talks with the Taliban’s Mullah Omar on an all-Afghan peace settlement.

· Burma cyclone heightens country’s misery and isolation. Myanmar’s rigid military rulers, whose violent suppression of Buddhist monks’ protests in September 2007 had outraged the West, adamantly rejected nearly all outside assistance when Cyclone Nargis, Asia’s most violent storm in two decades, slammed into the low-lying Irrawaddy delta, killing some 146,000 people. The upland-based military regime’s fierce indifference to survivors’ desperate circumstances seemed especially callous after even China welcomed aid following a deadly earthquake just weeks later, and it triggered calls in some Western circles for military intervention to deliver aid supplies (and presumably topple the regime) under guise of a “responsibility to protect.”

· Climate change negotiations stall. Even as U.N. meteorologists reported another year of rising average temperature and extreme weather, and despite the warning shot of a staggering spike in oil prices, negotiations on a global pact to reverse greenhouse gas emissions failed to make substantive progress, with the Bush administration frozen in continuing denial and newly industrializing countries coy about restricting their fast-growing emissions. With Italy’s Silvio Berlusconi citing the global economic crisis as a reason to block European Union commitments to deep reductions, even the Europeans began backpedaling, approving a climate-change package late in the year that the World Wide Fund for Nature charged would actually lower E.U. carbon emissions just 4 percent—not the promised 20 percent—below 1990 carbon emissions levels.

· Congo war drains lives and resources. Hopes that the U.N.-sponsored election in 2006 would lead to Congo’s peaceful reunification evaporated this year, as president Joseph Kabila’s government suffered demoralizing military reversals at the hands of Rwandan-backed rebel forces in eastern provinces and erosion in its authority elsewhere in the country. The Congo war, while drawing far less international attention than Darfur, continued as the world’s deadliest conflict, producing an estimated 5 million fatalities and tying down the U.N.’s largest peacekeeping operation of 19,000 troops at a cost of $1.2 billion a year.

· India, Pakistan veer toward confrontation. The progress that South Asia’s two nuclear-armed antagonists had seemed to make toward détente, especially after elected civilians regained office in Pakistan, was reversed late in the year after a Pakistan-based extremist group long tied to Islamabad’s secret security services launched a devastating terrorist attack on Mumbai. U.S. officials, anxious to keep Pakistan’s troops in its western provinces to suppress armed elements aiding Afghanistan’s Taliban, worked feverishly to contain the crisis; by explicitly citing Kashmir as part of the regional puzzle, President-elect Obama raised concerns among Indian officials who have long and successfully strived to keep the state’s status off the international agenda.

· Irish block E.U. integration. Ireland’s voters, whose spectacular economic growth has resulted directly from gaining membership in the European Union, in June voted down the Lisbon Treaty, a streamlined version of the draft E.U. constitution that was derailed in 2005. Though Dublin vowed to hold a new referendum in 2009, advocates of the overhaul to free E.U. decision-making from a single member’s veto feared that the continent’s small island outpost may have dashed hopes for a united Europe to become a credible heavyweight on the international stage.

· Russia’s estrangement divides the West. Russia—already irate about Bush administration plans to place antimissile facilities in Poland and expand NATO to include the ex-Soviet republics of Ukraine and Georgia—made good on its threat to counter Western recognition of Kosovo’s independence by crushing Georgia’s bid to seize control of South Ossetia and recognizing it and Abkhazia as independent. Washington found ready allies among NATO’s ex-communist member states for rushing Kiev and Tbilisi into the Atlantic alliance, but western Europeans lead by Germany, France, and Italy—all determined to prevent a gratuitous new cold war with Moscow—adamantly opposed extending NATO security guarantees to the two seemingly unready and politically divided states.

· Somalia breakdown spawns pirate swarms. Somalia’s bickering “transitional government” was poised to transit out of Mogadishu by year’s end as the Ethiopian troops that the Bush administration had recruited two years earlier to battle Islamist factions proved unable to control their resurgence. Unchecked by any government authority, Somali seafarers revived the ancient practice of piracy, hijacking freighters for ransom and imperiling shipping through the Red Sea; and the U.N. Security Council’s call for naval forces to suppress the pirates afforded China’s modernizing navy the chance to make its international debut.

· U.S. leads world economy over the brink. The free-market “pirates” who had hijacked the U.S. political-financial complex and infected financial institutions worldwide with their unregulated toxic securities sought government rescue as their house of cards collapsed, dragging one pillar of the U.S. economy after another into the black hole of a global financial meltdown. Spurning the Washington orthodoxy imposed on other troubled economies in recent decades, American authorities spent freely on serial bailouts hoping to free up credit, prop up demand, and avert a second Great Depression—leaving America’s yawning financial and trade imbalances with East Asia (and consequent power realignments) to the incoming Obama administration to sort out.

· Vise tightens on Zimbabwe. The desperate economic conditions caused by the aging Robert Mugabe’s implacable land expropriations led to his defeat in the first round of Zimbabwe’s presidential election, but he clung to power through a wave of terror unleashed by loyalist goons. While a number of African countries finally broke with the one-time liberation hero, South Africa led a Security Council bloc that rebuffed Western eagerness to intervene—but South Africa’s own much touted “quiet diplomacy” proved utterly incapable of persuading Mugabe to share power with the elected opposition, as by year’s end a cholera epidemic delivered nature’s own harsh verdict on his sclerotic regime.

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 31, 2008 at 12:55 am

Thai Prime Minister Urges Political Unity to Face Economic Crisis

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washingtonpost.com

Washington Post Foreign Service
Tuesday, December 30, 2008; 3:24 PM

BANGKOK, Dec. 30 — Thailand’s new prime minister used his delayed maiden policy speech to lawmakers Tuesday to warn that the stalled economy is unlikely to recover as long as the country is held hostage by political conflict.

But the challenges facing Abhisit Vejjajiva’s administration were thrown into stark relief when thousands of his opponents surrounded parliament, forcing him to deliver his speech in the Foreign Ministry.

“Political conflicts that have spread to civic groups could push the economy, along with the tourism industry, into recession if action is not taken quickly to resolve them and revive confidence among investors and foreign tourists,” Abhisit said.

“These conflicts are the country’s weakness, especially at a time the world economy is entering its worst crisis in a century,” he said.

The Oxford-educated Abhisit is Thailand’s third prime minister in four months.

He came to power after his Democrat Party managed to persuade enough members of the previous ruling coalition to defect when their leader, former prime minister Somchai Wongsawat, was banned from holding office because a court had found his party guilty of vote buying.

But supporters of Somchai and his political sponsor, former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, question the legitimacy of the new government and have vowed to continue demonstrating until Abhisit dissolves parliament and calls fresh elections.

For most of this year, the deep divisions between the country’s conservative middle-class elites and its rural poor paralyzed the ability of Abhisit’s predecessors to govern a country sliding into an economic quagmire.

Many had hoped that Abhisit, who is more acceptable to the yellow-shirted protesters who have caused so much disruption in recent months, might be able to take the country forward. However, his appointment appears to have galvanized the opposition of a different group, which favors red shirts.

Abhisit’s opponents said Tuesday they might challenge the constitutional legality of his giving a speech outside parliament, as he did Tuesday under pressure from protesters.

Thailand relies on exports and tourism for about 70 percent of its national income. Its economy is being squeezed by the twin threats of the global slowdown, which has slashed demand for its main exports, and the damage done to investor confidence by the past six months of domestic political unrest, culminating in the closure last month of the country’s two busiest airports.

The Bank of Thailand said Tuesday that it expects the economy to contract by 2.5 percent in the fourth quarter compared with the third quarter, in part a reflection of a 17 percent drop in exports in November.

The six months of virtual political paralysis that preceded the airport closures prevented successive governments from implementing any effective program to counter the slowdown, exacerbating the problems that Abhisit now faces.

The new prime minister is expected to launch an ambitious $8.7 billion stimulus program to try and restart the stalled economy. He warned Tuesday that unless the government is able to take prompt action, the official unemployment rate could double.

However, analysts say that given Thailand’s large informal labor sector, the fallout from the crisis could actually be much worse than that.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/12/30/AR2008123001934.html?hpid=moreheadlines

………………

More news:

EDITORIAL: Red shirts,yellow shirts
New Straits Times, Malaysia – 34 minutes ago
PRIME Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva of Thailand is caught between a rock and a hard place. Since being confirmed as PM by a special vote of the country’s
Protesters fail to stop Thai PM
The National, United Arab Emirates – 1 hour ago
Abhisit Vejjajiva, the Thai prime minister, addresses lawmakers at the foreign ministry in Bangkok. Christophe Archambault / AFP BANGKOK // Abhisit
Abhisit promises to heal the nation:
TODAYonline, Singapore – 1 hour ago
BANGKOK — Despite a boycott by opposition lawmakers and a forced switch in venue, Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva yesterday finally managed to deliver
Abhisit forced to switch venue of speech
Straits Times, Singapore – 2 hours ago

By Leslie Lopez, South-east Asia Correspondent PRIME Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva’s new government got off to a rocky start yesterday after he was forced to

Venue change against the rules : Pheu Thai
AsiaOne, Singapore – 2 hours ago

Pheu Thai claims the move, which enabled MPs from the Abhisit Vejjajiva government to avoid a mob of red-shirt protesters, contravened the constitution.

Thailand PM outwits protesters
Hindu, India – 2 hours ago
SINGAPORE: Thailand’s new Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva on Tuesday delivered his mandatory policy speech to begin his term. Mr. Abhisit called for an end
Eventually, ballot box must prevail in Thailand
South China Morning Post (subscription), Hong Kong – 3 hours ago
The latest Thai prime minister, Abhisit Vejjajiva, faces a host of challenges in trying to steer his country through the storms buffeting it,
Thai PM dodges protesters for first key speech
The Associated Press – 6 hours ago
BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) — Thailand’s new prime minister evaded thousands of protesters blocking Parliament on Tuesday and delivered his first key policy



all 1,752 news articles »

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 31, 2008 at 12:40 am

Bangladesh Election Loser Says Vote Was Rigged, Star Reports

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Bloomberg.com

By Ed Johnson

Dec. 31 (Bloomberg) — Khaleda Zia, whose Bangladesh Nationalist Party was defeated by a landslide in national elections this week, said the ballot was rigged, the Daily Star newspaper reported.

“By declaring pre-set results, the Election Commission has shown the polls did not reflect public opinion,” the English- language daily cited Zia as telling reporters early today. There has never been such an instance of such a “massive ballot rigging,” she said.

The Dec. 29 vote, the first national election in Bangladesh since 2001, was won by a political alliance headed by former Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed’s Awami League. The alliance won 262 seats in the 300-member parliament, while the BNP and its allies won 32, the Star reported.

Zia, also a former premier, and Hasina have dominated Bangladeshi politics for the past decade and rivalry between their supporters led to street fighting, strikes and transport blockades that prompted an army-backed interim government to declare a state of emergency two years ago. Analysts say the country of more than 150 million people could see renewed political violence if the BNP refuses to accept the result.

To contact the reporter on this story: Ed Johnson in Sydney at ejohnson28@bloomberg.net.

Last Updated: December 30, 2008 18:21 EST

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=a2Y78TGvO.vQ&refer=asia

……………

Khaleda Zia (C), Bangladeshi former prime minister and the chairperson of major political party Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), casts her ballot in Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, on Dec. 29, 2008.  (Xinhua/Qamruzzaman)
Photo Gallery>>>

Profile: Bangladesh Nationalist Party — major party of Bangladesh

Profile: Khaleda Zia — leader of major party in Bangladesh’s 9th parliamentary election

Full story – Bangladesh BNP rejects parliamentary election results Xinhua

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India pins hope on ‘friend’ Hasina’s second innings
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NEW DELHI: There was cautious optimism in India as the Sheikh Hasina-led Awami League stormed back to power in Bangladesh on Tuesday. …

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The Associated Press –
DHAKA, Bangladesh (AP) — Bangladesh’s first election in seven years — which returned former Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to power in a landslide — was …

Hasina (and democracy) return to Bangladesh
Christian Science Monitor, MA –
By Anuj Chopra | Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor Dhaka, Bangladesh – Bangladesh ended two years of rule by a military-backed caretaker …

Khaleda Zia rejects ‘rigged’ poll
BBC News, UK –
Former Bangladesh Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, defeated in Monday’s parliamentary elections, has rejected the results saying the vote was rigged. ..

Secular Party Wins Landslide Victory in Bangladesh
New York Times, United States –
By SOMINI SENGUPTA and JULFIKAR ALI MANIK NEW DELHI — After two years of army-backed emergency rule, democracy returned to Bangladesh as the secular Awami …


Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 31, 2008 at 12:21 am

Posted in Burma's Geopolitics

Tagged with , ,

World focus on Burma (30 December 2008)

leave a comment »

.

Burma Arrests 9 Pro-Democracy Protesters
Voice of America –
By VOA News Witnesses say Burmese authorities arrested nine members of an opposition political group Tuesday, as they held a protest in Rangoon calling for …

BURMA:: New Thai Policies Not Junta-Friendly
Inter Press Service, Italy –
But a new foreign policy chapter between Thailand and Burma, or Myanmar as the junta renamed the country, emerged in 2001. It came with the electoral …

Don’t Panic List Time!
Columbia City Paper, SC –
Burma’s military junta – When Category 4 Cyclone Nargis devastated Burma in May, the goons who run Burma like their plantation were not only unprepared, …

The Best and the Worst of 2008: The World
Century Foundation, NY –
Burma cyclone heightens country’s misery and isolation. Myanmar’s rigid military rulers, whose violent suppression of Buddhist monks’ protests in September …

Busy Year For Natural Disasters
RedOrbit, TX –
China’s Sichuan province was struck with both an earthquake which left nearly 70000 dead and cyclone Nargis which struck Burma killing an estimated 130000. …

Nine arrested in rare protest in Rangoon
Mizzima.com, India –
Nyan Win said, the NLD regularly conducts meetings on Tuesday to discuss current and contemporary politics of Burma. Today’s discussions were led by party …

Julie Benz To Host US Campaign For Burma Dinner
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The organization is dedicated to empowering grassroots activists around the world to bring about an end to the military dictatorship in Burma.

Burma activists arrested at march
BBC News, UK –
Nine activists have been arrested in Burma’s main city, Rangoon, during a march calling for the release of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Nine NLD youth members arrested
Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –
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Restrictions stepped up against Win Tin
Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –
He recently visited the families of political prisoners and has also been working to heal rifts between NLD leaders and youth members.

Burma’s Bleak Prospect in 2009
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In Burma (17 arrests), outspoken journalists and bloggers were jailed in a crackdown by the military government. “The figures may be lower than last year’s …

Hope Floats in the Burmese Town Near Thailand’s Border
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Nine NLD Members Arrested in Rangoon
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Meanwhile, Burmese military authorities have transferred political prisoners, including student leaders, members of the 88 Generation Students and NLD …

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Frequency and types of human rights violations varied across the project sites in Eastern Burma. In the Karen region, more than 10% of household were forced …

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Humanitarian organizations consider the agreement as the latest concession to the Burmese military dictatorship: none of the countries involved in its rich …

Press freedom report finds 60 journalists killed in 2008
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It was not immediately clear where the NLD members were taken. NLD spokesman Nyan Win said he heard that female party member Htet Htet Oo Wei was among …

Press Freedom Round-up 2008 / Better figures despite a hostile …
Organisation de la Presse Africaine (Communiqué de presse), Switzerland –
In Burma (17 arrests), outspoken journalists and bloggers were jailed in a crackdown by the military government. “The figures may be lower than last year’s …

New Year’s Event Spotlights Sexual Orientation Issues
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Myanmar authorities arrest nine protestors
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There was no immediate confirmation from the NLD. Myanmar’s military rulers have kept 63-year-old Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest …

Political prisoner dies of tuberculosis
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… middle school in Mandalay, was arrested under section 5(j) of the Emergency Provision Act in December 2003 and was sentenced to seven years in prison. …

UN General Assembly isn’t the right forum for dealing with Burma …
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The resolution called for the release of over 2100 political prisoners, including Aung San Suu Kyi. (country’s new) constitution resulted in the de facto …

Americans found allies in Burma villagers
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Insurers’ disaster losses up 50% in 2008
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China To Build Strategic Oil Reserves (SNP)
24/7 Wall St., NY –
That means expanding opportunities in Myanmar (Burma) and Sudan, both countries that have difficulty attracting investment because of their repressive human …

2008 was bad year for disasters
Radio New Zealand, New Zealand –
Cyclone Nargis killed more than 135000 people in Burma in May. An earthquake in the Sichuan province of China on 12 May left 70000 dead, 18000 missing and …

‘Major year for natural disaster’
BBC News, UK –
Cyclone Nargis in Burma killed an estimated 130000 people and devastated much of the low-lying Irrawaddy Delta region, while the earthquake which struck …

The good news for the new year is as follows. –
Otago Daily Times, New Zealand –
April: Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest and assumes her rightful place as the democratic head of the government of Burma. …

Natural disasters ‘kill 220000 in 2008’
Sydney Morning Herald, Australia –
Most devastating was Cyclone Nargis, which battered Burma in May to kill more than 135000 people, and the earthquake that shook China’s Sichuan province the …



Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 30, 2008 at 3:53 am

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

December 29, 2008 at 2:26 pm