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အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ က်ဆံုးမွ တတိုင္းျပည္လံုး စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ခံစားရမယ္

Archive for October 11th, 2008

World focus on Burma (11 October 2008)

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Suu Kyi appeals for release
Straits Times, Singapore –
YANGON – MYANMAR’S detained democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi has appealed to the ruling junta against her detention, her party’s spokesman said on Saturday …

Suu Kyi files appeal against house arrest
Bangkok Post, Thailand –
Rangoon (dpa) – Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has submitted an appeal against the Burmese junta’s latest extension of her house arrest – arguing that …

Lawyer appeals for freedom of Myanmar’s Suu Kyi
The Associated Press –
Myanmar has been under military rule since 1962. The current junta came to power in 1988 after crushing a nationwide pro-democracy uprising. …

A serious loss of credibility on the world stage
Bangkok Post, Thailand –
And although she failed to achieve her demand, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo had called for the release of Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi as a …

US takes hard-line on military forces, armed groups recruiting …
Asian Tribune, Thailand –
“Human Rights Watch has conducted other investigations on the use of child soldiers in Angola, Burma, Burundi, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, DR Congo, Lebanon, …

State Department blasts China for religious freedom violations
Dallas Baptist Standard, TX –
The eight countries of particular concern are Myanmar (formerly Burma), China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Uzbekistan. …

Nobel Peace Prize plays it safe
Telegraph.co.uk, United Kingdom –

Few would argue that the likes of Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese pro-democracy activist, Lech Walesa, Desmond Tutu or the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov …

Nobel Prizes: The Reverance Is Overdone
Chronicle of Higher Education (subscription) –
Worldwide attention and support given to the Burmese dissident Daw Aung San Suu Kyi are attributable to her status as a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. …

Tainted Milk Products Found in Burma
Voice of America –
The state-run newspaper New Light of Myanmar says nine of 16 products tested positive for melamine. The Health Ministry has destroyed the tainted products, …

Burma Bans Nine Imported Milk Powder Products
RedOrbit, TX –
Yangon, Oct. 10 Kyodo – Myanmar’s junta has banned nine dairy products found to be contaminated with melamine, state-run newspapers reported Friday. …

MP-elect interrogated over bombing links
Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –
U Ohn Kyaing, 64, who is also known by the nom de plume Aung Wint, is the MP-elect for Mandalay’s Southeast township and a researcher for the NLD.

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 11, 2008 at 7:42 am

Military government paralyses Internet

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9 October 2008

Reporters without borders

Reporters Without Borders condemns the way the Burmese military government has paralysed the Internet, silencing online dissidents and carrying out regular raids on Internet cafés, while hacker attacks have blocked access to the leading websites with news and information about Burma for the past few weeks.

“The Burmese can no longer obtain information about the situation in their own country because the main news websites have been blocked by repeated hacker attacks,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Access to online information deteriorated sharply in the run-up to the 20th anniversary of the September 1988 opposition uprising and the situation continues. The Internet is now under the government’s heel, just like the traditional media.”

For the past three months or so, four news websites based abroad have been the target of regular Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, in which web servers are blocked by an automated flood of contact requests. The Irrawaddy (http://www.irrawaddy.org), a magazine whose site is hosted on servers in Thailand, has been inaccessible in Burma since 16 September. Although it set up a mirror site (http://theirrawaddy.blogspot.com), it has lost nearly half of its visitors in the past three months (see Reporters Without Borders site).

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©alexa.com

The websites of the exile radio station, Democratic Voice of Burma, and the exile news agency, Mizzima, which are both dedicated to news about Burma, have been the target of DDoS attacks since August. These stepped up between 15 and 22 September, with the result that they were also inaccessible outside of Burma during that week. They are still being attacked and are still inaccessible within Burma.

The New Era (http://www.khitpyaing.org), an online daily newspaper based in Thailand, was the victim of the same kind of attack from 15 to 17 September. It is now accessible again, after changing its hosting company.

Three countries have been identified as the geographical origins of there hacker attacks – Russia, China and Singapore.

“These DDoS attacks from abroad are targeting websites providing news about Burma,” Reporters Without Borders said. “We do not think these attacks are random, and we strongly suspect the military of trying to control the Internet. The authorities already demonstrated their stranglehold by cutting all access to the Internet at the same moment in 2007. They now suspect Internet users of sending information to exile media, as already happened last year.”

According to The Irrawaddy, soldiers began inspecting Internet cafés in the capital at the start of October. They questioned clients about the sites they visit and the people with whom they have online contact. Internet café owners say connection speeds have declined considerably, making it almost impossible to send or receive photos and videos.

The Internet was introduced in Burma in 1997, but access for individuals was not permitted until 2000 as the government feared being unable to keep the Internet under its total control. There are two access providers, MPT and Bagan Cybertech. MPT is state-owned. Bagan Cybertech’s services are hosted on MPT servers. The authorities acknowledge filtering email messages sent by such services as Yahoo!, Gmail and Hotmail. Only 0.1 per cent of Burmese inside connect to the Internet.

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Nay Phone Latt

Two cyber-dissidents are currently in prison for using their right to freedom of expression online. One is the Nay Phone Latt, the owner of two Rangoon Internet cafés, who has been held since 29 January in Rangoon’s Insein prison. He appeared before a Rangoon court on 30 September on a charge of undermining the social order under section 505 (b) of the criminal code.

The other is the comedian Zarganar, also known as the Burmese Charlie Chaplin, who had been keeping a blog since August 2007 in which he criticised the government. He has been held in Insein prison since 5 June, probably because of his criticism of the government’s handling of the relief efforts after Cyclone Nargis, which devastated the country a month before his arrest.

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Around 3,000 people died when the security forces cracked down on the widespread pro-democracy protests of September 1988. The victims included many of the Buddhist monks who joined the uprising by students and activists. For the first time since then, monks demonstrated again on 26 September 2007, this time against Gen. Than Shwe’s government. The authorities cut off Burma from the rest of the world when they cracked down on last September’s protests.

Read more about the situation in 2007

Report on the Internet in Burma

http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=28883

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 11, 2008 at 7:37 am