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Archive for July 20th, 2008

Myanmar says Suu Kyi may be freed soon

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Myanmar says Suu Kyi may be freed soon

SINGAPORE (AP) — Myanmar’s military junta has indicated to its Southeast Asian neighbors that opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi could be freed from house arrest in about six months, Singapore’s foreign minister said Sunday.

The hint came as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations expressed “deep disappointment” at the decision by the junta in May to extend Suu Kyi’s detention by another year. It was an unusually frank criticism of Myanmar by the region’s main bloc, whose members usually stick to a policy of not interfering in each other’s affairs.

The comment by Myanmar’s Foreign Minister Nyan Win to ASEAN is the most optimistic assessment of Suu Kyi’s future by the junta, and the closest to a definite timetable for her release, which has been demanded by the international community.

Nyan Win made the hint during a dinner hosted by Singapore’s Foreign Minister George Yeo for the foreign ministers of the ten member countries of ASEAN.

Yeo said Nyan Win explained that under Myanmar law a political detainee can be held for a maximum of six years. “And he told us that the six-year limit will come up in about half a year’s time,” Yeo said.

Asked if this meant Suu Kyi, a Nobel peace laureate, could be released in six months, Yeo said: “That is not an inaccurate inference.”

The military regime extended Suu Kyi’s house arrest May 27 for the sixth straight year. She has now been detained for more than 12 of the last 18 years at her home in Myanmar, also known as Burma.

Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party has denounced the extension as illegal, saying its interpretation of the law is that she could be held only up to five years and not six.

After the dinner meeting, the ASEAN members issued a statement critical of Myanmar.

“The foreign ministers expressed their deep disappointment that … Suu Kyi’s detention has been extended by the Myanmar government,” it said, adding that the ministers repeated a call by their governments for her to be released.

The ministers urged the junta to engage in a “meaningful dialogue with all political groups and work toward a peaceful transition to democracy in the near future.”

ASEAN also urged the junta to give U.N. envoy Ibrahim Gambari access to senior leaders and to allow meetings with “the widest possible range of contacts including Suu Kyi.”

ASEAN has never made so many demands on Myanmar, and its willingness to do so now is a reflection of its frustration.

http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5jgl0dMVy3IB6IUmgtJpnoxQn6BXAD921MI0G3

Myanmar may free Suu Kyi in six months

Sun 20 Jul 2008, 15:45 GMT

By Melanie Lee

SINGAPORE (Reuters) – Military-ruled Myanmar could release detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi in about half a year, once a maximum detention period of six years has expired, Singapore’s foreign minister said on Sunday.

The Nobel peace laureate’s confinement to her lakeside home in Yangon was extended in May despite international pleas to the generals to end her latest stretch of detention, which began in May 2003.

“Under their law the maximum period of detention for Daw Sang Suu Kyi is one year as approved by the home ministry and five more years as approved by the prime minister as a cabinet decision … meaning a maximum of six years,” Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo quoted Myanmar’s Foreign Minister Nyan Win as saying.

“And he told us the six-year limit will come up in about half a year,” Yeo said after a dinner with his Southeast Asian counterparts in Singapore.

Asked whether this meant Suu Kyi could be released in six months, he said: “I am just repeating to you what he (Nyan Win) told me and I think that is not an inaccurate inference.”

Suu Kyi has been confined for nearly 13 of the past 19 years, with her telephone line cut and all visitors barred apart from her cook and occasionally her doctor. It was not clear what the expiry of the six-year period Nyan Win referred to would have in practice.

Yeo’s comments come as Southeast Asian nations prepare for a series of meetings this week amid political and economic turmoil that may slow, though not derail, the region’s lofty dream of creating a European Union-style community.

Ministers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) will discuss the early ratification of a charter and establishment of a human rights body, whose 10-member nations includes juntas and kingdoms, democracies and communist states.

ASEAN has long been dismissed as a talking shop and the group’s meeting have in the past often been overshadowed by disagreement over how to convince Myanmar’s junta to start democratic reforms.

“We urge Myanmar to take bolder steps toward a peaceful transition to democracy in the near future, and working toward free and fair general elections in 2010,” ASEAN’s foreign ministers said in the draft of a communique to be finalised tomorrow.

The document also calls on the military, which has ruled the former Burma since 1962, for the release of all political prisoners and detainees.

(Additional reporting by Manny Mogato; Writing by Jan Dahinten)

http://africa.reuters.com/world/news/usnSP237599.html

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Boston Globe

ASEAN foreign ministers urge Burma to release Aung San Suu Kyi
Radio Australia, Australia –
ASEAN foreign ministers have expressed deep disappointment over the extension of the house arrest of Burma’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …
Myanmar: Sui Kyi under restricted residence Merinews
Myanmar security tight on anniversary The Associated Press
UN to end Myanmar aid flights Aljazeera.net
Economic TimesTMCnet
all 212 news articles »


Reuters South Africa

Myanmar says Suu Kyi may be freed soon
The Associated Press –
SINGAPORE (AP) — Myanmar’s military junta has indicated to its Southeast Asian neighbors that opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi could be freed from house …
Myanmar may free Suu Kyi in six months Reuters South Africa
Burma FM Says Opposition Leader Suu Kyi Could Be Freed in Six Months istockAnalyst.com
Japanese Agency Views Issues “Overshadowing” ASEAN’s Singapore Meeting istockAnalyst.com
all 210 news articles »

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 20, 2008 at 5:47 pm

ေဒၚလာရရင္ အကုန္လုပ္ နအဖရဲ႔ စစ္ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ – အပိုင္း(၁)(၂)

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စည္းလံုးျခင္းရဲ႕အင္အား ဆိုတဲ့ ဘေလာ့ဂ္ကေန ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပလိုက္ပါတယ္။ အျခားေကာင္းတာေတြလည္း အမ်ားႀကီး ရွိေနပါတယ္။ သြားလည္ႏိုင္မယ့္ ေနရာကေတာ့ https://antidictatorship.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post-new.php

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ေဒၚလာရရင္ အကုန္လုပ္ နအဖရဲ႔ စစ္ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ – အပိုင္း(၁)

စာဖတ္သူမ်ားခင္ဗ်ား –

နအဖရဲ႔ တရားမ၀င္ ေငြမဲမ်ားျဖင့္ လက္နက္ခဲယမ္း ၀ယ္ယူေနၾကပံုေတြ ကို စစ္ဖက္နီးစပ္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ အကြ်မ္းတ၀င္ရွိတဲ့ က်ဴရွင္ဆရာတစ္ဦးက ဆရာျမင့္ ကေလာင္နံမည္နဲ႔ ေဆာင္းပါးေပးပို႔လာတာကို ကြ်န္ေတာ္ ကိုဖိုးတရုတ္က စီစဥ္ တင္ဆက္ေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။

နအဖဟာ စစ္တပ္၏ စစ္လက္နက္ႏွင့္ အပုိပစၥည္းမ်ား ၀ယ္ယူျဖည့္တင္းျခင္းႏွင့္ အစိုးရစီမံကိန္းမ်ားတြင္ တည္ေဆာက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္းသံုးပစၥည္းမ်ားအား ျပည္ပမွ ၀ယ္ယူရန္အတြက္ လိုအပ္ေနသည့္ ေဒၚလာေငြကို Dive Money ေခၚ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးလုပ္ငန္း ကြန္ယက္မွ သို၀ွက္ထားသည့္ တရားမ၀င္ေငြမဲမ်ားကို အသံုးျပဳပါတယ္။ သက္တမ္း (၂) ႏွစ္မွ (၃) ႏွစ္အထိ ဆုိင္းငံ့ကာလေငြေပးေခ်စနစ္ Differed Payment System ျဖင့္ စိုက္ထုတ္၀ယ္ယူေစပါတယ္။ စစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္းမ်ားကို အစုိးရပိုင္ေငြျဖင့္ လက္ငင္းေပးေခ်ရန္ မလိုဘဲ Differed Payment System ဆုိင္းငံ့ကာလျဖင့္ ေငြေပးေခ်စနစ္အရ (၆)လ တစ္ၾကိမ္အရစ္က် ျပန္လည္ေငြေပးေခ်ျခင္းျဖင့္ ေငြေပးေခ်ကာလ (၂) ႏွစ္မွ (၃) ႏွစ္အတြင္း ျပန္လည္ေပးေခ်ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ခြန္ဆာႏွင့္ ယာကူဇာဂုိဏ္းက ဆုိင္းငံ့ကာလ ေငြေပးေခ်စနစ္ျဖင့္ စိုက္ထုတ္ေပးေခ်ထားသည့္ ေငြမဲတန္ဖုိးမ်ားကို ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ အစိုးရေငြမ်ားျဖင့္ ျပန္လည္ေပးဆပ္လိုက္သည့္အခါ တရား၀င္ေငြျဖဴမ်ားအျဖစ္ ေျပာင္းလဲလက္ခံ ရရွိၿပီးသား ျဖစ္သြားပါတယ္။ စစ္တပ္အတြက္ လိုအပ္ေနသည့္ ထုိလုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္တြင္ စစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္း မ်ား ၀ယ္ယူျခင္းမွ တရားမ၀င္ရသည့္ ပြဲခေကာ္မရွင္ေငြ၊ ေငြမဲမ်ား လႊဲေျပာင္းစိုက္ထုတ္ေပး ေခ်ျခင္း ႏွင့္ အစိုးရပိုင္ဘတ္ဂ်က္ေငြျဖင့္ ျပန္လည္ေပးေခ်ရာမွ အတိုးႏႈန္းေပၚတြင္ရသည့္ ေကာ္မရွင္ ပြဲခေငြတုိ႔ ကို နအဖ ထိပ္သီး ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး၊ ဒု-ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး ႏွင့္ စစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္းတင္သြင္းသူ ကန္ထရိုက္ပြဲစား ကုိေတဇတုိ႔ အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ရပါတယ္။

၂၀၀၀ ခုႏွစ္ ဇြန္လကတည္းက နအဖ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးမ်ားႏွင့္ Dive Money Inflow Network တုိ႔ကို ဦးစြာ လမ္းျပမိတ္ဆက္ေပးခဲ့သူမွာ ႏုိင္ငံတကာတြင္ ဘိန္းဘုရင္ဟု နံမည္ဆုိးျဖင့္ ေက်ာ္ၾကားသည့္ ဦးခြန္ဆာကိုယ္တုိင္ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ နအဖစစ္တပ္အတြက္ ရုရွားလုပ္ ရဟတ္ယာဥ္မ်ားႏွင့္ စစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္းမ်ား ေရာင္းခ်သည့္ ရုရွား MAPO and Rostvertol ၏ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ ကိုေတဇ Htoo Trading ကို Dive Money Inflow Network အတြင္း အက်ိဳးတူ ၾကားခံ ပါ၀င္ေဆာင္ရြက္ေစရန္ ဦးခြန္ဆာ၏ ေနာက္ကြယ္မွ စီစဥ္ အကြက္ခ်ေပးသည္ကို နအဖ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးမ်ားက သေဘာတူ လက္ခံပါတယ္။ Dive Money ဆုိတာဟာ ဂ်ပန္မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါး ကုန္သည္ ယာကူဇာမ်ားႏွင့္ လက္တင္အေမရိက မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးလုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္တုိ႔မွ အသံုးျပဳေသာ ေ၀ါဟာရတခ ုျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးႏွင့္ လက္နက္ ေမွာင္ခုိေရာင္းခ်ျခင္း လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားမွ ရထားသည့္ ပမာဏႀကီးမားသည့္ ေငြမဲမ်ားကို ေငြျဖဴအျဖစ္ ေျပာင္းလဲရန္ ေခတၱသုိ၀ွက္ သိမ္းဆည္းထားျခင္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ဦးခြန္ဆာႏွင့္ သူ၏ မြန္ထုိင္း တပ္ဖဲြ႔တို႔ နအဖထံ ခြ်င္းခ်က္မရွိ လက္နက္ခ်ၿပီး အလင္း၀င္လာစဥ္က ဦးခြန္ဆာမွာ ေငြေၾကးအေျမာက္အျမား ပါမလာခဲ့ေၾကာင္း နအဖ မူးယစ္ရဲမွဴးႀကီး ခမ္းေအာင္ အပါအ၀င္ ထိပ္တန္း အရာရွိႀကီးမ်ားက ေျပာၾကပါတယ္။ နအဖအရာရွိႀကီးမ်ား ေျပာစကား မွန္ပါတယ္။ ဦးခြန္ဆာက သူရဲ႔ တပ္ဖြဲ႔မ်ား ႏွင့္အတူ Sam7 ကဲ့သုိ႔ ေခတ္မွီေလယာဥ္ပစ္ ဒံုးက်ည္လက္နက္မ်ား ပါလာခဲ့ေသာ္လည္း ေငြေၾကး အေျမာက္အျမား ယူေဆာင္မလာခဲ့ပါ။ သူရဲ႔ ေငြေၾကး ပိုင္ဆုိင္မႈအတြင္းေရးကို သိေနတဲ့ မြန္ထိုင္းတပ္မွဴးႀကီး စိုင္းလူးကို “ငါတုိ႔အခု အခ်ိန္မွာ မိေက်ာင္းလို ေနရမယ္” လို႔ ေျပာခဲ့ဖူးပါတယ္။ ဗုိလ္မွဴးႀကီး စိုင္းလူး ကိုယ္တုိင္မွာ လည္း အေမရိကန္တရားရံုးေတာ္က မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါး တရားခံေျပး အျဖစ္ ေၾကညာျခင္း ခံထားရသူ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဦးခြန္ဆာပိုင္ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးလုပ္ငန္းမွ ရထားတဲ့ ေဒၚလာေငြအမ်ားစုကို သူရဲ႔ စီးပြားဖက္ ဂ်ပန္ယာကူဇာမ်ားရဲ႔ ေက်ာက္မ်က္ရတနာ ေရာင္း၀ယ္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ Tanaka Foods Enterprise ကဲ့သုိ႔ေသာ ယာကူဇာပိုင္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားမွာ အပ္ႏွံျမဳပ္ႏွံထားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ၂၀၀၀ ခုႏွစ္၊ ၾသဂုတ္လမွာ ဦးခြန္ဆာရဲ႔ ေနာက္ကြယ္မွ စီစဥ္ေပးခ်က္အရ Dive Money US$ 2 millionကို စကာၤပူ OCBC ဘဏ္မွ ကိုေတဇရဲ႔ ဘဏ္စာရင္းသို႔ လုပ္ငန္းျပ လႊဲေျပာင္းေပးခဲ့ၿပီး၊ ျမန္မာေလတပ္ရွိ Bell 205A1 ႏွင့္ Mi 17 ရဟတ္ယာဥ္Propeller Blade, Gear Box and Spare Parts မ်ား ၀ယ္ယူ တင္သြင္းေပးလာေတာ့မွ နအဖထိပ္သီး ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီးႏွင့္ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးမ်ား အေနျဖင့္ Dive Money Inflow ႏွင့္ သူတို႔အတြက္ ေနာက္ကြယ္မွ တိတ္တဆိတ္ရလာတဲ့ ေကာ္မရွင္အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ကို လက္ေတြ႔သေဘာေပါက္လာၾကပါတယ္။

MI – 17

အဲဒီကာလက ေလတပ္ဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ဒုဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီး ေက်ာ္သန္းကိုယ္တုိင္မွာလည္း ေလတပ္မွာ အသံုးျပဳေနတဲ့ Bell 205 ႏွင့္ Mi 17 ရဟတ္ယာဥ္မ်ား အတြက္ မျဖစ္မေန လိုအပ္တဲ့ အပိုပစၥည္းမ်ား ၀ယ္ယူျဖည့္တင္းရန္ ေဒၚလာေငြဘတ္ဂ်က္ အခက္အခဲ ျဖစ္ေပၚေနခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒါ့အျပင္ Mi 17 ရဟတ္ယာဥ္ႏွင့္ အပိုပစၥည္းမ်ားတင္သြင္းေပးသည့္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ ကိုေတဇရဲ႔ OCBC ဘဏ္စာရင္းမွာ မေလးရွားသို႔ ကြ်န္းသစ္မ်ားကို စက္ေလွျဖင့္ ေမွာင္ခိုေရာင္းထားသည့္ ေဒၚလာေငြတစ္သန္းေက်ာ္ကိုသာ လုပ္ငန္းအားလံုး လည္ပတ္ေနရပါတယ္။ ေလတပ္ရဟတ္ယာဥ္ အပိုပစၥည္းမ်ားအတြက္ ေဒၚလာႏွစ္သန္းဖိုး စိုက္ထုတ္ ၀ယ္ယူတင္သြင္းေပးရန္ အခက္အခဲ ျဖစ္ေနခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဦးခြန္ဆာကိုယ္တုိင္ကလည္း သူရဲ႔ စီးပြားဖက္ ဂ်ပန္ယာကူဇာ လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္မွ Dive Money မ်ားျဖင့္ နအဖစစ္အစိုးရရဲ႔ စစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္းမ်ား ၀ယ္ယူျဖည့္တင္းေရးတြင္ ကိုေတဇရဲ႔ လုပ္ငန္းကို ၾကားခံ အသံုးျပဳလ်က္ ေငြေၾကး စိုက္ထုတ္ Finance လုပ္ေပးၿပီး၊ အစုိးရက ဆုိင္းငံ့ကာလ ေငြေပးေခ်စနစ္ သေဘာတူ စာခ်ဳပ္ျဖင့္ ျပန္လည္ေပးဆပ္ေငြကို တရား၀င္အျဖစ္ ျပန္လည္ရရွိေစ၇န္စီစဥ္ေနခ်ိန္ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ နအဖရဲ႔ ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ေရွာက္မႈ ထီးရိပ္မွာ ခြ်င္းခ်က္မရွိ လက္နက္ခ်ျခင္းျဖင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးရယူကာ ၀င္ေရာက္ခိုလႈံလာတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာမူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါး တရားခံေျပး မာဖီးယားသန္းၾကြယ္ သူေဌးႀကီး ခြန္ဆာႏွင့္ သူရဲ႔ စီးပြားဖက္ ဂ်ပန္ယာကူဇာထိပ္ပိုင္းရဲ႔ လွ်ိဳ႔၀ွက္အစီအစဥ္ျဖင့္ ၂၀၀၀ခုႏွစ္ ဇြန္လမွာ ဂ်ပန္ႏိုင္ငံ တုိက်ိဳအေျခစိုက္ Tanaka Foods Enterprise ရဲ႔ မန္ေနဂ်င္း ဒါရိုက္တာျဖစ္သူ Mr.Tanaka ဟာ ရန္ကုန္သုိ႔ ေရာက္လာခဲ့ပါတယ္။ နအဖ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးမ်ားနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးလုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္မွ ၀င္လာတဲ့ Dive Money တုိ႔ဟာ အခ်ိန္အခါႏွင့္ အေျခအေန လိုအပ္ခ်က္အရ မသူေတာ္ခ်င္း အက်ိဳးတူ ဆက္စပ္ေပါင္းဖက္မိၾကျခင္း ျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ နအဖဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီးတုိ႔ အုပ္စုဟာ သူတို႔ အတြက္ အက်ိဳးရွိရင္ ႏုိင္ငံတကာရာဇ၀တ္မႈကိုပါ လက္ရဲဇက္ရဲ က်ဴးလြန္ရဲၾကသူမ်ား ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Post link : http://photayokeking.blogspot.com/2008/07/blog-post_20.html

အပိုင္း (၂) ဆက္လက္ ဖတ္ရႈရန္ –

ေဒၚလာရရင္ အကုန္လုပ္ နအဖရဲ႔ စစ္ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ – အပိုင္း(၂)

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 20, 2008 at 2:08 pm

THE OLYMPIC SPIRIT

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THE OLYMPIC SPIRIT

By Roland Watson
July 20, 2008

During the Olympic torch relay, and the widespread protests that accompanied it, many commentators exhorted us not to focus on China’s abysmal human rights record, but instead to think of the Olympic Spirit. These commentators also conveniently ignored the fact that China turned the relay into a military operation, run by thugs in blue uniforms, and that it was completely bereft of good will.

Still, they raised an interesting question: What is the Olympic spirit? Delving more deeply, one might ask, what is it meant to be, what is it in reality, and, is this something that we should celebrate?

According to the Olympic Charter, the principles of Olympism include (in provision 1) “respect for universal fundamental ethical principles,” and (in provision 2) “to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of man with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity.” Aside from the curious question of why a sporting event should be an “ism,” it is difficult to see how ignoring the fact that many participating nations, and the host, are violent dictatorships, demonstrates respect for ethical principles and promotes the preservation of human dignity. Furthermore, for a society to be peaceful its members must be free. Freedom is part of the Olympic spirit, by default, even if the charter drafters excluded it so as not to upset these nations.

The ideals of the Olympics have no bearing in reality. Human society is pervasively unethical, in part because it is organized as a collection of nation-states. Our world is Machiavellian. Nations compete, and they do only what they think is in their best interests, or in many cases more accurately, the best interests of their corrupt leaders.

The true Olympic spirit is the celebration of this: of human competition. For the athletes, it is the desire of a man or a woman to beat all others: to be “The Best In The World.” Similarly, for nations, their goal is to have the most champions, for the large states world-wide and for the smaller within their regions, and through this to be able to boast of superiority, if not dominance, if only in the world of sport.

While the Olympics may pay lip service to its charter objectives, the Games are really only about competition. Through this they mirror the competition that dominates all life.

Competition

We accept competition as a given, without questioning if there is an alternative. It is the apparent nature of life, so, so be it. We also glorify it, at the same time ignoring its manifold negative consequences.

Life is based on competition, beginning at the level of our instincts. We translate the instinct to survive into an instinct to compete. The latter is in fact a more accurate description of the basic motivation of life.

This does not always yield a pleasing result. The competition that life pursues, in virtually all its forms, can be characterized as “kill or be killed.” A derivative effect of this is that many life forms regularly live in fear.

This begs the question: Is life itself good?

Humanity’s deepest belief systems have attempted to come to grips with this question, and to find an affirmative answer. Very broadly, western traditions, recognizing the negative impact of our instinctual behavior, urge us to be good, to make up for our wrongs, and to forgive those of others. There is also a common belief that there is an overall plan for everything, God’s plan, and that if we could just see things from this perspective we would recognize that life has a deeper purpose (other than just to stay alive) and that it is good. Eastern traditions in turn accept that life is suffering, but then pursue a variety of practices through which it is believed that the suffering may be transcended.

It is this writer’s hope that there is a plan and that competition was introduced into the equation of life as a prerequisite to create diversity, but that this is only what might be called a first stage requirement. Life competes, diversifies and evolves, until it reaches the point where it realizes that it doesn’t have to compete anymore and that a better world is possible through cooperation. Humans – Homo sapiens – are trying to break through to this level, the second stage of life’s overall progress, right now. It is possible that a few species, such as whales and dolphins, have already made the transition.

All of this returns us to the Olympics, which through celebrating the first stage, competition, form part of the social barrier that is in place to prevent us from advancing to the second.

This barrier, the glorification of competition, and its implicit rejection of cooperation, is overwhelming. It is reinforced in innumerable tangible and intangible ways.

For the latter, human society embraces a wide range of core beliefs that can be termed social values.

However, the unstated but foremost of these values is that competition is the ultimate good. You must compete and you must win. However you do it, you must find a way to be better than other people.

The basic problem with this, though, is that in any specific competition there are generally only one or a few winners. Everyone else is to some degree a loser.

We have all been taught to accept a society that is dominated by a small group of winners, and whom we additionally must idolize. In other words, we are conditioned to accept a general state of inequality, and, for the vast majority, our own inferiority. This in turn is a paradox, because we also say that we want democracy. But democracy is predicated on and strives to achieve human equality. Put bluntly, our values are in conflict with our goal.

Many people first realize that there is such a thing as competition through their relationship with their brothers and sisters. They (your siblings) want what you want too and, if they get it, such as food, then you may not! (This is known as a zero-sum.) This is the reason for the good parenting principle of not showing favoritism, and also the pattern of sharing that many families demonstrate. But children learn about competition in other ways from their family as well, through observing their parents’ circumstances and interests. They understand if you are losing or winning at work, and they also copy your attraction, or lack thereof, to competitive activities such as sports. Many parents are oblivious to the fact that they are having these types of effects on their children. They fail to recognize that they may well be leading their children to believe that winning is everything, and that there is no need to be a good winner or a good loser (one who is gracious in victory or defeat).

Schools, most importantly school sports, also play a crucial role in this process. The competition in school sports is one of the first public situations where children develop a conception of equality and inequality. It is often the first proving ground that they must face where they learn how well they “shape up”; how “good” they are; and if they can aspire to being a “jock,” or a cheerleader, or if they must settle for something “less.” Such competitions lead some children to realize that they can win, but many others learn to think of themselves as losers, and also as victims, since in most cases they lose due to factors outside their control. Their bodies are not as well programmed as those of the winners, and at this stage they are not able to overcome the influences of their genes with their will.

In modern society school sports are the first direct social influence that tells us it is important to compete and to win. This influence is far stronger than grade competition. Also, it is regularly reinforced by parents, by those parents who win – who live – vicariously through their sons and daughters.

From the family and school, competition as our primary directive has escalated to all levels of society and forms of social organization. The key factor behind this trend has been population pressure. As early humans addressed, and learned to solve, the problems of life (including through dominating other species), more and more people survived.

The human population grew in scale until there was no longer abundant sustenance for all. This in turn led to competition, between the first distinct groups of people, the first tribes that had evolved, over land, water and other resources. In many cases, the competition took the form of war.

Population pressure also fueled competition within groups. Cultures that were characterized by internal harmony and mutual support no longer had enough resources for everyone. This destroyed group unity, and turned members against each other; it turned them into competitors.

The increasing size and complexity of social groups further led to the formation of subgroups responsible for certain distinct tasks. Among these were the forerunners of our modern social institutions. There are all manner of institutions now: governments, religions, corporations, the media, and schools, and they all compete, within their own institutional categories, with other types of institutions, and also domestically and worldwide. Moreover, within the institutions themselves, their employees or members are typically in a state of constant competition with each other.

The highest level of competition occurs between nations, which also share a fundamental inequality since some are large and have prolific natural resources while others are small and have few such resources. As just mentioned, the most extreme form of competition, war, has often been motivated by an attempt to balance such inequalities (e.g., the empire building effort of the small island state, the United Kingdom). But, the practice of war is now on the decline. The preferred form of competition between nations in the present day is strictly commercial. Corporations, and their ranks of employees, are the armies in the new global economic war. They are the means by which nationalism, the competition with and distrust of other nations, which historically was expressed in military conflict, is being maintained in the developing age of peace.

Through all of these changes, our species has taken competition to unprecedented heights. And, while we have been able to achieve a unique degree of diversification and specialization, and make advancements that are truly noteworthy, particularly the expansion of human knowledge and the refinement of artistic creativity, the negative consequences have been profound, and are for the most part un-addressed. Human history is a history of conflict: you cannot base your society on competition and not have conflict occur. Inequality between individuals on the basis of wealth is at an extraordinary level, and it continues to grow. Also, in our selfish focus on satisfying our own desires, we have ignored our effect on the natural environment, which is now so severe that it constitutes nothing less than massive species genocide.

Competition has more subtle effects as well. As anyone who has been in the military understands, having as your purpose opposition to others demands great sacrifice, discipline and obedience. But this effect is now widespread: it dominates every type of institutional system. For example, the phenomenal work-ethic that young Americans have (and young Japanese), the incredible levels of competition that they reach, which supposedly is driven by a quest for excellence, is really about demonstrating obedience to the system. When young people become workaholics to get good grades and high scores, to participate in many, many activities, and to get into the best schools, it is not because they are pursuing the fulfillment of an internal drive to accomplish everything of which they are capable. Rather, it is to demonstrate that they will do anything, make any sacrifice that the system demands of them, and that they will do it better and more diligently than anyone else.

Having a society with this type of basis incurs a great cost. A small amount of competition as early humans went about satisfying their daily needs was tolerable. Living in a world where competition has become the ne plus ultra is not. It has given us ever increasing levels of mental illness, even in children, who simply cannot adapt to the demands to which they are now subject. And, it is providing fertile ground for all manner of extremist movements, as desperate individuals clutch at any possibility of escape.

Competition has some positive consequences, but it is questionable if these balance out the negative, which are for the most part ignored. The Olympics, as the leading world symbol of the competitive spirit, effectively represent and promote both.

Sports as religion

A society’s deepest values are its religious or spiritual values. In this regard, it was noteworthy that China attacked the torch relay protestors by saying that they were a blasphemy on the Olympic Spirit. The use of “blasphemy” was an interesting choice of words. Are sports, in the present day, a religion? Are the Olympics their highest temple? And, are the athletes and coaches their monks and priests?

The modern world is increasingly a spiritual vacuum. This is occurring for two reasons. First, our traditional belief systems are in many ways now found wanting. The development of new understanding has exposed potential flaws in their foundations or behavioral prescriptions. However, and more importantly, the social form that holds real power now, economic competition, is antithetical to spiritual belief. The contemplation and practice of deep beliefs is at variance with consumption and economic growth. Because of this, we are very purposely being confronted with an alternative pseudo-spiritual system, that happiness lies not in peace and understanding, but in how much you are able to buy, and if it is more than other people.

Real spirituality has been replaced by a belief in materialism. The overwhelming promotion of sports is an integral part of this process.

Athletes are leading role models. But, they practice for their entire lives not to achieve wisdom, only to be better than others. The top champions, in the U.S. this includes Tiger Woods and before him Michael Jordan, and for the world game, soccer, David Beckham and the two Ronaldos (from Brazil and Portugal), have such celebrity that they are for all intents and purposes holy. In other words, humanity’s long history of striving for an honest spirituality, and to which everyone could aspire, has been replaced with celebrity, in this case sports celebrity, and from which all but a select few are excluded.

(It has to be remarked, though, that as with sports all the leading figures in real religious movements have been men.)

The Olympics are one of the most important religious gatherings at which such modern holy figures are chosen. Through this, the Games epitomize the competitive status quo, that we should only care about ourselves, and that problems that other people face and also the deeper questions of life can be ignored in preference to superficial and fleeting satisfaction. The Olympics are the real blasphemy, and everything that they represent.

The business of the Olympics

In the modern era and prior to 1952, the Olympics were amateur. This means that the athletes were not paid in any way for their participation in their respective sports, i.e., in professional leagues or other competitions; nor were they paid to participate in the Games themselves by their home countries. The Olympics were for the most part sports for sports sake: a healthy release of competitive tension. They were an alternative to war, not a precursor or adjunct.

This changed with the inclusion of the Soviet Union and its post-war allies, the members of the Warsaw Pact, which both subsidized their athletes and viewed the contests as a new front in the Cold War. Their athletes were paid to devote themselves to training, and supplied with professional coaches and facilities. This pattern has now become the norm; America is an exception in that it does not pay its athletes. China, on the other hand, and as described below, has created a government funded sports machine.

The international federations for the different sports decide whether the athletes must be amateur or not. Since the 1970s, professionals, who make a regular living from sports competitions, have been welcome. Boxing is an exception, although athletes are allowed to receive support for basic living expenses from their home countries, as is the case with Cuba. The distinction between amateur and professional was formally deleted from the Olympic Charter in 1986.

With the embrace of professionals, the Games mutated into a business, and, as with all businesses, the primary concern is profit. The lofty ideals that formerly characterized the Olympic movement have been washed away.

Specifically, the Olympics are an entertainment business directed by a collection of corporate entities. The lead organization is the International Olympic Committee. It is charged with the conduct of the Games and its overall promotion, the objective of which is to ensure commercial success. This is why China was awarded the Games, even though there were strenuous objections to Beijing’s bid. China offered a large home market, and an entry to booming East Asia, all of which would appeal to both the Games’ broadcasters and corporate sponsors.

The broadcasters and corporate sponsors are actually the key markets for the Olympics, not the spectators of the world. Further, they work together in a synergistic fashion. The broadcasters pay huge fees for the right to televise the Games. The corporations then pay them handsomely to run advertisements which, through display to such a massive audience (and also at the Game venues themselves), the companies hope will lead to greater brand identification, loyalty, and sales.

Underneath the IOC are the different national olympic committees and the federations for the participating sports. However, there are wide variations in these two groups. Some sports are “big sports,” and promote themselves exhaustively, while others are less commercial. Similarly, some nations are obsessed with competition and take the Games very seriously, while others do not.

The United States may not pay its athletes, but it takes professional sports, including the Olympics, extremely seriously. This reflects the underlying primacy of competition in American culture.

The objective to win in the United States is probably greater than in any other nation, in part because that is how we define ourselves: as winners. (I’m an American.) Therefore, in almost any international competition, we win more because in most nations winning is not given the supremacy as a social value as it is here. Winning is not that important to them, so they don’t. It is to us, so we do. It does not make us better, though, nor would one expect it to make us happier. A game is just a game, be it tiddlywinks, Go Fish, or the one hundred meter dash. In all nations, people enjoy playing such games, but in most places when the game is over, it’s over. You go off and do something else. But not in the U.S.: Here, the game never ends, and winners are better. Our society rewards them for this. Indeed, the rewards are unimaginably great. Were someone to find a cure for cancer, they would not be feted as much.

Also, it is notable that in the coverage of sports by the U.S. media, the second an athlete makes a mistake (e.g., in gymnastics) we are told that they no longer have a chance to win. This disrupts our enjoyment of their performance, and it confirms that what is important is not the beauty of the performance, nor the athlete’s commitment to excellence, but whether or not they are a winner.

This value pervades American society. It is also highly evident in children’s sports, where many children have been assaulted, and parents killed (at least one), by other parents whose children have to win.

In a similar fashion, China is using the Games, and its increasing sports prowess, to promote its own belief that it too is culturally superior: that “its” way is best. China is basically saying, to its people, we may be a dictatorship, but we’re a great dictatorship; and to the world, we can beat you at business, and sport, and some day militarily as well. China’s foreign posture, exemplified by its approach to sport, is purely aggressive.

China is also following the old Soviet model, and has even taken it to new levels. The country has a large, publicly funded sports school system, to which children with athletic talent are channeled. There are some 300 schools and 250,000 students. Many of the schools are also boarding schools. Once the students arrive, they are separated from their parents, in most cases for years. This is a particularly great burden on all concerned, because of China’s one-child policy.

The students are further told what sports to undertake: They do not have a say over this. Different sports favor different body types, and the students are funneled to where the coaches – meaning teachers – think their prospects will be best. Training is the primary subject: normal educational topics are de-emphasized. Most worrisome of all, abuse is a common practice. The students are driven to improve, and if their progress is not considered sufficient, they are verbally and physically punished.

Many parents are happy that their children are accepted, as are the students. Still, it is not an overstatement to say that China’s sports school system is akin to sports slavery. Talented athletes are told that they must sacrifice themselves for the good of the nation, and because the pressure of this demand is so great, many accede to it. In summary, it is a warped approach to childhood development and sports excellence, with no connection whatsoever to the purported Olympic ideals. This system is equivalent to the use of performance enhancing drugs (indeed, the body responds to abuse by producing adrenaline), and when Chinese athletes mount the podium to receive medals, their accomplishments should be viewed in this light.

The athletes are the most problematic component of all of the sports industry. Many individuals pursue sport as part of a quest for personal development, and as the years pass the more disciplined and talented rise to the top. It would be disingenuous to suggest that they not fulfill their potential, particularly now that the rewards given to successful professional athletes are so great. However, with the temptation of these rewards, many athletes are crossing an ethical line, through the use of illegal and dangerous performance enhancing substances, as the regular announcement of new sports scandals illustrates. In this light the athletes are simply businesspeople, and they follow the standard ethic of businesses everywhere. If you think you can get away with it, do it, even if it’s wrong. Nothing should stand in the way of profit.

There is also the question of the athletes’ respective sports, and what might be termed their competitive profiles. Some sports are essentially individual pursuits. A diver on a platform, or someone about to launch a discus or a javelin, is in his or her own world. There is no direct competition with other athletes. In this case their competitive challenge is really self-competition. How fast or high can I go? How strong can I be? In group competitions, though, such as races and all team sports, there is an immediate competitor. This introduces an additional challenge. I have to beat my opponent right now. I have to prove my superiority.

While it is impossible for team sports, it would be interesting to have individuals in races compete one by one. Which format would produce the faster time? The outcome would likely be the group race, which raises this question: What does it say about our species that we are only able to do our best when we have to overcome someone else? In other words, we are back once again to our competitive response to life.

While humanity as a whole has not passed this hurdle, including in sport, individual humans certainly have, in other fields. Our greatest accomplishments in the sciences and the arts have been achieved by people who were driven by a quest for excellence, with little regard for the actions of competitors. Indeed, sharing your ideas and cooperating with other scientific researchers and artists is common. This implies that overall such endeavors are of a more advanced nature than sport.

The reason for this is that the self-competition common to such pursuits is really self-cooperation. When you try to exceed your limits you are conducting a dialogue between your conscious and your unconscious minds. It is a delicate balance, because if you consciously ask for too much your unconscious will break down, affecting either your body, you will push yourself to exhaustion and illness, or even your mental stability. But over time you can refine the effort, and push yourself harder and harder, with the result that your mind becomes unified, the two sides of your consciousness cooperate and work together, and you reach new levels of creativity and originality.

This type of development is of course possible in sport as well, in particular in the individual efforts first described. But when direct competition is introduced the competitive instinct takes over, and what becomes paramount is not to do your very best, but simply to beat the other person.


The cooperation alternative

The alternative to competition is to cooperate. While it is difficult to see how cooperation can be showcased in a competitive event such as the Olympics, this is the paradigm that we want to promote, in all fields of human activity. A basic definition is that cooperation is the desire to work together to achieve common goals, where with competition the objective is to satisfy private and selfish goals. For instance, consider hunger. For the latter our acceptance of competition has led to an environment where everyone must find a way to feed him or herself personally, and if for some reason individuals or groups are unable to do this, then, while it is regrettable, it is really not our problem. Under cooperation we work together to ensure that everyone has enough food, most importantly those individuals or groups who for whatever reason are experiencing difficulties.

A society based on cooperation would have two basic elements, the first of which is a commitment to achieve consensus. Under consensus, all participants have to develop the discipline to suspend their personal selfishness, if only at times, to enable the group to reach agreement.

Another aspect of consensus is that everyone is considered to be equal, and to have an equal say. What this means is that a consensus-based society begins with our overall goal, equality, not proposes it as an objective to be achieved in the indeterminate future. Further, such a society is inherently democratic.

With competition, we assume that everyone is different, and that we are all competitors, but that through some unspecified mechanism we will be able to make our interests converge and achieve equality. The actual result though is that society is governed by markets and class-based politics, which fail to yield equality – they produce the opposite; and which are also necessarily undemocratic, since the voices of the upper classes, those who control the markets, are considered more than equal.

It is true of course that in some ways we are not equal, or at least not the same. (We do not want to be the same. Counter-intuitively, along with equality, diversity remains a fundamental goal.) We have different backgrounds, interests, levels of education, and ability. A consensus-based system, though, can accommodate these differences. In any such group, individual voices are equal, in determining what decisions to make, but there is also respect for the opinions of the most qualified.

As the above implies, the second element of a society based on cooperation is a willingness to help others. While it is also true that it is impossible for us, as individuals, to help everyone who needs it, this does not excuse the attempt. Rather, if someone asks for your help, your immediate response should be positive, not negative. You should ask yourself: Is there something that I can do, anything at all, and then do it. In a world dominated by competition, though, particularly with the ubiquitous greed and selfishness promoted by markets, the reflex response is typically “no.” People develop cold hearts, and think, why don’t you help yourself? One wonders what they will think when their own good fortune fails and they need help as well.

Help does not always have to be in the form of outright gifts. We are responsible for ourselves, and such assistance is really only necessary in dire circumstances, those beyond our control. But there is another form of help that is not so unconditional, which is simply a willingness to share.

The focus on competition, markets and personal wealth has led to the creation of another institution, private property, which is in direct opposition to sharing. People think: It’s mine; I worked hard for it; why should I give it or lend it to you? They worry more about protecting what they have, than reaching out to others to create a community.

This characteristic again though is more pronounced in modern societies than the traditional. Village cultures around the world often take a completely different approach to property. There is a greater sense that belongings are communal rather than strictly private. This is manifested in the frequency with which items, of any nature or cost, are shared, starting with within one’s own family but extending beyond this as well on a regular basis.

Sharing, of course, can be abused. When one shares a belonging there is usually an assumption that it will be returned. But, there are inevitably some unethical individuals who take advantage of the good will of others. Fortunately, the system is self-correcting. People who make a habit of not returning items soon find their requests denied.

A world where sharing is common would also help bring us together, and make it easier for our interests to converge. There should be far greater sharing, between everyone, but especially between the rich and poor, including nations. We also need to do a much better job of sharing our planet with the other forms of life that call it home.

Conclusion

From what I can see, the Olympics have nothing in common with this world-view. The Games are an icon of a system that through its foundation in competition enhances the positions of some through the subjugation of others. Modern society does not achieve, or even strive for, a true equality, and therefore, I believe, it is doomed to fail.

Historically, the world was large enough that it could absorb all of our mistakes. This is no longer the case. There are so many people now, and our selfish demands are so great, that the natural ecology is in collapse. With the destruction of nature, human society, it does not yet constitute “civilization,” will fail as well.

There is a clear and preferred choice, namely cooperation, consensus and democracy. We need to reject the competitive world visions both of China and the U.S. While the latter is identified with democracy, it is more importantly the leading proponent of unregulated market competition (and which China is copying). We can’t have both.

For the Games themselves, boycotts are appropriate, if not the end of the entire biennial charade. If you do watch the performances, consider the above ideas. Recognize that you are not witnessing the manifestation of some higher principle, a benevolent Olympic Spirit, but a business spectacle designed to get you to consume.

For the problems caused by sports in general, we can begin with our children. They need to learn about the negative influences of society, and the unfairness of child sports is a good place to start. They should be taught that even though sports in society are treated with a reverence formerly reserved for God, there is far more to life than them. If they fail at sports (or are just not interested in them), there are many other things in which they will be able to excel (and also, with time they will be able to develop their fitness and coordination). Conversely, if they do well that’s great, but they need to learn that there is more to life, much, much more, than simply winning a game.

Even more, we, the adults, who hold the responsibility for the values and structure of our society, should seek to have school sports, involving competitions between schools, eliminated from the educational system. And, this should extend from grade school through to university. Such activities do not supplement education; instead, they undermine it. There is a role for physical education in school, though, but this can be supplied with exercise classes and intramural athletics. Indeed, the educational systems of many nations around the world do not have school sports programs at all, and they are none the worse for it.

http://www.dictatorwatch.org/articles/olympicspirit.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 20, 2008 at 12:40 pm

ကိုညီ – စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ကို တိုက္ဖ်က္ႏိုင္ဖို႔

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Generation Wave blog တြင္ ကိုညီ ေရးထားသည့္ တပ္လွန္႔ ႏိႈးေဆာ္သံကို ကူးယူ ေဖာ္ျပလိုက္ပါသည္။ အာဏာရွင္ စနစ္ဆိုးႀကီးအား မည္သို႔မည္ပံု ဖယ္ရွားပစ္ႏိုင္သည္ကို ရွင္းလင္းစြာ ေဖာ္ျပထားသည္။

ဒီမိုကေရစီ လိုလားေသာ တက္ၾကြ လႈပ္ရွားသူမ်ားသာမက ျပည္သူတရပ္လံုးက ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာသင့္သည္။

အာဏာရွင္ သက္ဆိုးရွည္ေအာင္ မတရားေသာအမိန္႔မ်ားကို လိုက္နာေနရသည့္ စစ္တပ္ အစရွိေသာ လက္နုက္ကိုင္မ်ားႏွင့္တကြ ႏိုင္ငံ့ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ား အပါအဝင္ ၾကံ့ဖြံ႔၊ မီးသတ္ႏွင့္ စြမ္းအားရွင္ ဆိုသည့္ အသင္းအဖြဲ႔ဝင္မ်ား၊ ရပ္ကြက္-ေက်းရြာ-ၿမိ့ဳနယ္-တိုင္း-ျပည္နယ္ အစရွိသည့္ အာဏာပိုင္အဆင့္ဆင့္တို႔ကလည္း ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာသင့္သည္။

အင္တာနက္ေပၚတြင္ လင့္ခ္ ခ်ိတ္ေပးျခင္းျဖင့္ေသာ္၎၊ စာရြက္စာတမ္း ကူးယူျခင္းအားျဖင့္ေသာ္၎၊ ႏႈတ္အားျဖင့္ေသာ္၎ မသိပဲ က်န္ေနသူ မရွိရေလေအာင္ တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ် လက္ဆင့္ကမ္း ျဖန္႔ေဝေပးသင့္သည္။

ဒီမိုကေရစီ တိုက္ပြဲဝင္သူမ်ားအားလံုးကို ေလးစားလ်က္

မူရင္းကို ဖတ္ရႈရန္

တိုင္းရင္းသားမိဘျပည္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ ေတာ္လွန္တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္အင္အားစုမ်ားသို႔!

ေန႔စြဲ- ၂၀၀၈ခုႏွစ္ ဇြန္လ ၂၇ရက္ေန႔


စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ တိုက္ဖ်က္ေရး ေတာ္လွန္မႈတစ္ရပ္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္ဖို႔၊ လုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကဖို႔၊ တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ၾကဖို႔၊ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ ဆိုတာဘာလဲ၊ ဘယ္လိုနားလည္ထားလဲ အနည္းငယ္တင္ျပၾကည့္ပါမယ္။

စံနစ္ဆိုတာ ရွင္းရွင္းလင္းလင္း အက်ယ္တပြင့္တင္ျပရရင္ ျပည္သူလူထု နားလည္ႏုိင္တယ္၊ အခ်ဳိ႔တင္ျပခ်က္ေတြေၾကာင့္လဲ ရွုတ္ေထြးသြားႏိုင္တယ္၊ ရွင္းျပတာ နားမလည္ရင္ စိတ္ပ်က္သြားႏိုင္တယ္၊

ဒီေတာ့အလြယ္ဆံုး က်ေနာ္တို႔အင္အားစုေတြ နားလည္ထားတဲ့ ဥပမာေပးၿပီး၊ လူထုလက္ေတြ႔ဘ၀န႔ဲ အနာဂတ္ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ၾကား အနီးစပ္ဆံုးျဖစ္ေအာင္ တင္ျပၾကည့္ရမယ္ဆိုရင္- လက္ရွိျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ေနထိုင္ၾကသူတိုင္း ခံစားခ်က္ေတြကို လြတ္လြတ္လပ္လပ္ ေျပာရင္ ျပႆနာျဖစ္မယ္ဆိုတဲ့ အေတြး၀င္ေနၾကတယ္၊ ရွင္းရွင္းေနႏိုင္ရင္ ခ်မ္းသာမႈရတယ္၊ ဒီအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္သူေတြနဲသြားၿပီး မပတ္သက္ရင္ အေကာင္းဆံုးျဖစ္တယ္၊ ကိုယ္ႏွင့္မဆိုင္ရင္ ၀င္မပါနဲ႔၊ ကိုယ့္မိသားစုအေရးထက္ က်န္တာဘာမွ အေရးမႀကီးဘူး၊ လြတ္ေျမာက္လိုခ်င္ရင္ ႏိုင္ငံျခား ထြက္ႏိုင္ေအာင္ႀကိဳးစား၊ ဖိႏွိပ္မႈကင္းခ်င္ရင္ ႀကံဖြတ္ စြမ္းအားရွင္ အျဖစ္ ရပ္တည္ရွင္သန္လို႔ရတယ္၊

အမွန္ကိုေျပာေနတာလား၊

ကိုယ္ပိုင္စဥ္းစားႏိုင္တဲ့ အရည္အခ်င္းေတြ၊ အဓိပၸါယ္ဖြင့္ဆိုခ်က္ေတြ၊ နားလည္ႏိုင္ေလာက္တဲ့ စြမ္းရည္ မ့ဲေနၾကၿပီ၊ လူထု တစ္ခုလံုးအေနနဲ႔ လံုး၀မသိလို႔ေတာ့ မဟုတ္၊ တြန္းလွန္ရင္ လက္ရွိ မိမိတို႔ ပိုင္ဆိုင္ေနတဲ့ ဘ၀ပ်က္သြားလိမ့္မယ္ စတဲ့အေတြးပိုင္ရွင္ေတြ ျဖစ္လာေအာင္၊ အေၾကာက္တရားေအာက္မွာ လုပ္သင့္တာ လုပ္ခ်င္တာ မလုပ္ရဲေအာင္၊ တစ္ဦးႏွင့္တစ္ဦး ယံုၾကည္ခ်က္ေတြ ြ ပ်က္ျပားေအာင္ (ယံုၾကည္မႈ မရွိေတာ့ဘူး)၊


မိမိကိုယ္ကိုလဲ ျပည့္၀တဲ့ယံုၾကည္မႈ မရွိလာေအာင္၊ အသိတရား ေခါင္းပါးလာေအာင္၊ ကိုယ္က်င့္တရား ေဖာက္ျပန္လာေအာင္၊ အမွားမ်ားမ်ားလုပ္ၿပီး ဘ၀ရပ္တည္ ရွင္သန္ရဲလာေအာင္၊ နည္းအမ်ဳိးမ်ဳိးသံုးၿပီး ဖိႏွိပ္လိုက္တဲ့ အေၾကာင္းအရာေတြကို စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ရဲ႔ လုပ္ရပ္ေတြလို႔ ေခၚယူလိုရပါတယ္။

(စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ဆိုတာ အထက္ပါအေျခအေနေတြ ျဖစ္ေအာင္ဖန္တီး၊ ဖိႏွိပ္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ထားတဲ့စံနစ္ပါ)

ႏိုင္ငံေရး စိတ္၀င္စား တက္ၾကြသူမ်ား ေျပာေနတာေတြကို နားလည္တဲ့ လူထုရွိသလို၊ နားမလည္ႏိုင္တဲ့ လူထုလည္း ရွိေနေသးတယ္၊ နားလည္တဲ့အဆင့္နဲ႔ ရပ္ေနတာေၾကာင့္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးမျဖစ္ေသးတာပါ၊ မျဖစ္ေတာ့ဘူးလို႔ ေျပာမရပါဘူး၊ သို႔ေသာ္ ေယာင္လည္လည္ ဦးေဆာင္မႈ၊ လႈ႔ံေဆာ္မႈ၊ ဟန္ျပစည္းရုံးေရး၊ ပါတီအႏိုင္ရရွိေရး၊ အာဏာတည္ေဆာက္ေရး၊ စီမံခ်က္(ကိန္း) ဆက္လက္ရရွိေရး၊ ႏွစ္စဥ္အစီရင္ခံစာ တင္ျပသံုးသပ္ေရး၊ ေနရာ-ရာထူးတည္ၿမဲေရး၊ လြမ္းမိုးခ်ယ္လည္ေရး၊ စတဲ့ စိတ္ဓါတ္ေတြနဲ႔ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးတစ္ရပ္ ဖန္တီးလို႔ မရပါဘူး။

ယေန႔ေတာ္လွန္ရမွာက စစ္အာဏာရွင္တို႔ဖန္းတီးခဲတဲ့ လုပ္ရပ္၊ တည္ေဆာက္ေပးခဲ့တဲ့ လြဲမွားတဲ့စိတ္ဓါတ္နဲ႔ ေဖာက္ျပန္တဲ့ အက်င့္စာရိတၱေတြကို ဦးစြာေတာ္လွန္ရမွာ ျဖစ္တယ္၊

ဒါက လူပုဂၢိဳလ္ တိုက္ခိုက္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးမဟုတ္၊ မိမိနဲ႔ မိမိပါတ္၀န္းက်င္မွာ ဦးစြာစတင္ၿပီး မွန္ကန္ေအာင္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရမွာျဖစ္တယ္၊ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး တစ္ရပ္ဖန္တီးရမွာျဖစ္တယ္၊

လူထု ၅၅သန္းေက်ာ္ အားလံုးပါ၀င္ လာေအာင္ စည္းရုံးသိမ္းသြင္း တည္ေဆာက္မွ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ကို တြန္းလွန္ႏိုင္မယ္လို႔ ခံယူထားရင္ေတာ့ မွားလိမ့္မယ္။

ယေန႔အခ်ိန္အခါ အေျခအေန၊ လူအင္အား၊ စြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္၊ ပါတ္၀န္းက်င္၊ လက္ခံႏိုင္မႈ၊ ပါ၀င္ႏိုင္မႈ၊ လုပ္ေဆာင္သင့္တဲ့ နည္းလမ္းေတြ
အမ်ဳိးမ်ဳိးအႀကံ ေပးေနၾကသလို၊ နည္းနားေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ေလ့လာရင္းအခ်ိန္ကုန္မေနၾကဖို႔လည္း လိုပါတယ္။

ႏိုင္ငံေရး အတိုက္အခံေတြ၊ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအင္အားစုေတြၾကား ေဆြးေႏြးတိုင္ပင္ စည္းေ၀းဆံုးျဖတ္ ခ်မွတ္တည္ေဆာက္ခဲ့တဲ့ လမ္းစဥ္ေတြ၊ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ႀကီးမ်ားစြာ ေခၚယူက်င္းပခဲ့တဲ့ ညီလာခံေတြ၊ ေရးဆြဲခ့ဲၾကတ့ဲ စီမံကိန္း၊ လႈပ္ရွားမႈ၊ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ေတြ၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အသိုင္းအ၀န္းမွာ လိုက္လံစည္းရုံး လႈံ႔ေဆာ္ခဲ့တဲ့ အလုပ္အဖြဲေတြ၊ ယေန႔ထက္တိုင္ ေထာက္ပံကူညီ ပန္႔ပိုးေနတဲ့
အသင္းအဖြဲ႔ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြ ရွိေနလ်က္နဲ႔ နအဖ ဘာေၾကာင့္ ဆက္လက္ရွင္သန္ ဖိႏွိပ္ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေနရတာလဲ။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္းမွာရွိေနတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအက်ဥ္းသားေတြ၊ တက္ၾကြစြာလႈပ္ရွားေနသူေတြ၊ ပါတီ၀င္ေတြ၊ တိုင္းရင္းသား ေခါင္းေဆာင္ႀကီးမ်ားနဲ႔ မိသားစု၀င္ေတြ၊ အလုပ္သမား၊ လယ္သမား၊ လူထုလူတန္းစား အလႊာအသီးသီးက မိဘျပည္သူေတြ၊ ေက်ာင္းသူ-သားေတြ၊ အေျခခံ ေနစားအလုပ္သမားေတြ၊ တပ္မေတာ္သားေတြ၊ ႀကံဖြတ္၊ စြမ္းအားရွင္ အဖြဲ႔၀င္ေတြ၊ အစိုးရ၀န္ထမ္းေတြ၊
စီးပြားေရးသမားေတြ၊ ပညာေရးဆိုင္ရာ၀န္ထမ္း၊ ဆရာ-ဆရာမေတြ၊ လက္ရွိႏိုင္ငံေရးျဖစ္စဥ္ ဂဃနဏသိၾကလား၊ သိဖို႔အေျခအေနေပးလား၊

ႏိုင္ငံသူ-သားတိုင္း သိရင္ေကာင္းတယ္၊ သိတဲ့ပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြလဲရွိတယ္၊ မသိဘဲနဲ႔ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးထဲ မပါႏိုင္ဘူးလား၊ ေသခ်ာတာကေတာ့ ေတာ္လွန္သူ၊ ရဲရင့္သူေတြ၊ ရွိရင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ညီညြတ္ၾက စည္းရုံးၾက ေတာ္လွန္ၾက တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ၾကလို႔ ေျပာခဲ့တဲ့ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြ နအဖ အက်ဥ္းစခန္းထဲ ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္မႈ ခံထားၾကရတယ္၊ အဲဒါစုစုေပါင္း ၂၀၀၀ေက်ာ္ေသာ ဆန္႔က်င္ရဲသူေတြသာျဖစ္တယ္၊ က်န္ေနတဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီ အင္အားစုေတြ ကေတာ့ ေပါ့ပါးတဲ့တာ၀န္ယူမႈေတြနဲ႔ ေက်နပ္ေနၾကတယ္၊

ဒါေၾကာင့္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး မျဖစ္တာဆိုၿပီး လက္ခံထားသူေတြ ရွိေနၿပီ၊ နယ္စပ္နဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွာေရာက္ေနတဲ့ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ တိုက္ဖ်က္ေရး၊ ဒီမိုကေရစီရရွိေရး၊ အမ်ဳိးသားေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနၾကတဲ့ အမည္ခံ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြ၊ အမည္ရ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြ၊ နည္းနည္းျပန္စဥ္းစားၾကည့္ပါလား၊

အက်ဥ္းက်ေနတဲ့ မ်ဳိးဆက္လူငယ္ေတြရဲ႕ ျပတ္သားတဲ့ တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ရဲတဲ့ စိတ္ဓါတ္နဲ႔ စြမ္းအား လုပ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္မႈေတြကိုၾကည့္ၿပီး အားရ၊ ဂုဏ္ျပဳေနယံုတင္မဟုတ္၊ မိမိတို႔ကိုယ္တိုင္စြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္ရွိတဲ့ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရဲတဲ့ လူပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြျဖစ္လာေအာင္ ဘာလို႔ မလုပ္တာလဲ မတည္ေဆာက္ ၾကေတာ့ဘူးလား၊

ဒီေတာ့ ျပည္တြင္းမွာရွိတဲ့ လူထုကို ဘာလုပ္လိုက္ ညာလုပ္လိုက္လို႔ ေျပာေနတာ၊ (သို႔) ျပည္ပမွာ ေမွးေနၿပီး၊ အာသာေျပ ႏုိင္ငံ့အေရး လုပ္ေပးေနတာေလာက္နဲ႔ နအဖ စစ္အစိုးရ မျပဳတ္က်ႏိုင္ဘူးလို နားလည္ဖို႔ အခ်ိန္ေရာက္ေနပါၿပီ။

“စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ကို လူထုအားနဲ႔ အျမစ္ျပတ္ေတာ္လွန္ၾကလို႔” ေျပာခဲ့ၾကတဲ့ ၈၈ မ်ဳိးဆက္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ကိုေဌးၾကြယ္တို႔ ေထာင္ထဲ ရပ္တည္ေနျခင္းဟာ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ ျပဳတ္က်ေရးနဲ႔ အမ်ဳိးသားျပန္လည္သင့္ျမတ္ေရး အတြက္ျဖစ္တယ္။

လႈိင္းတစ္ခုလို ျမစ္တစင္းလို ေတာ္လွန္လာမယ့္ လူငယ္ေတြရွိေနပါတယ္၊

ကန္႔လန္႔လုပ္ၿပီး ေစာင့္ဆြဲေနတဲ့ ဟန္ျပႏိုင္ငံေရး လုပ္ေနသူမ်ား ရပ္တန္းကရပ္ဖို႔ သင့္ပါတယ္။ ေယာင္ေတာင္ေတာင္ေျပာေနၾကရံုနဲ႔
စစ္အာဏာရွင္ အျမစ္မျပတ္၊ ျပတ္သားတဲ့လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈ လူထုေရွ႔ရပ္တည္ဦးေဆာင္ႏိုင္တဲ့ ေတာ္လွန္ရဲသူေတြနဲ႔သာ တိုင္းျပည္ကို
လားရာေကာင္းတဲ့ ေျပာင္းလဲမႈဆီ သယ္ေဆာင္သြားႏိုင္မွာျဖစ္တယ္။

ဘယ္လို လူထုပါ၀င္လာေအာင္ ရွင္းျပရမွာလဲ၊

အနာဂတ္ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးေနတဲ့ လူထုကိုရွင္းရမွာက –

စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ အျမစ္ျပတ္ တြန္းလွန္ၿပီးရင္၊ မိဘျပည္သူလူထု ရရွိမယ့္ လက္ေတြ႔ရလဒ္ကေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံသားတိုင္း အလုပ္ရရွိမယ္ (မိမိစြမ္းရည္၊ ပညာ၊ လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈ၊ တတ္ကၽြမ္းမႈနဲ႔ ထိုက္တန္တဲ့)၊ ၀င္ေငြနဲ႔ မွ်တတဲ့ ပညာေရး၊ က်န္းမာေရး စံနစ္ရွိေစရမယ္၊ သက္ႀကီးရြယ္အိုမ်ား၊ ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးသူမ်ားအတြက္ လူမႈအေထာက္အကူျပဳစံနစ္ရွိေစရမယ္၊ ဒီေတာ့ လတ္တေလာ အက်ဳိးခံစားရမွာက လူထု ျဖစ္တယ္၊ (ဘယ္ပါတီ၀င္၊ ဘယ္အဖြဲ၀င္မွမဟုတ္ပါဘူး)

အမုန္းေဒါသျဖစ္ေနရတဲ့ လူထု၊ အေၾကာက္တရားနဲ႔ အသက္ရွင္သန္ခဲ့ရတဲ့ လူထု၊ လြတ္လပ္မႈ-တရားမွ်တမႈမဲ့ေနခဲ့ရတဲ့ လူထု ဘ၀ေတြကေန လြတ္ေျမာက္ၾကဖို႔ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးကို ရက္ (၉၀) အတြင္း အေကာင္အထည္ ေဖာ္မွာျဖစ္တယ္။

ျပည္သူလူတစ္ရပ္လံုး ပါ၀င္တဲ့ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ ျပဳတ္က်ေရး၊ လြတ္ေျမာက္ေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ငါတို႔အင္အားစုေတြနဲ႔အတူ – ရက္၉၀အတြင္း တိုက္ပြဲျပင္ၾက၊ တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ၾက၊ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ျပဳတ္က်သည္အထိ ငါတို႔အသက္စြန္႔ ဘ၀ေပး ေတာ္လွန္တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္သြားမယ္ဆိုတာ ဂတိျပဳလိုက္တယ္၊ တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ရန္ ေတာ္လွန္ရန္ ဖိတ္ေခၚလိုက္တယ္။

လူငယ္စုမ်ား၊ ေက်ာင္းသူ-သားမ်ား၊ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးပုဂၢိဳလ္မ်ားအတြက္

  • အႏုနည္း၊ ႏွလံုးရည္စြမ္းအား၊ အဓိကထားၿပီး လုပ္ေဆာင္ရမယ္။
  • ျပည္သူလူထုၾကား တည္တည္ၾကည္ၾကည္ ရဲရဲ၀င့္၀င့္ ရပ္တည္ရွင္းလင္းရမယ္။
  • လူထုပါ၀င္ရမယ့္ အေနအထား ေသခ်ာ နားလည္သည္အထိ ေဆြးေႏြးရမယ္။
  • အစိုးရရုံး၊ ရဲဌာန၊ ႏိုင္ငံပိုင္အေဆာက္အဦးေတြက လူထုအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးဌာနေတြ ျဖစ္ရမယ္။
  • ဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္းေတြက ေထာက္ပံေရးဌာနေတြျဖစ္ရမယ္။
  • စာသင္ေက်ာင္း၊ တကၠသိုလ္၊ အလုပ္ရုံ၊ စက္ရုံေတြက ေတာ္လွန္သူစုရုံးရာဌာနေတြျဖစ္ရမယ္။
  • အမ်ဳိးသမီးထုႏွင့္ သက္ႀကီးရြယ္အို ႏိုင္ငံသူ-သားေတြက ၀ိုင္းရံအင္အား ျဖစ္ရမယ္။
  • လမ္း၊ တံတားေတြေပၚမွာ ေတာ္လွန္လူထုႀကီး ျပည့္ႏွက္ေနရမယ္။ (ထိပ္တိုက္ရင္ဆိုင္ေသာေန႔ တစ္ရက္သာ)
  • ဖိႏွိပ္သူတို႔၏ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ရပ္တန္႔သြားရမယ္။ (ေၾကျငာရပ္တန္႔ေသာ ေန႔ရက္သာ)
  • နယ္ေျမအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ေကာ္မတီေတြ ၿမိဳ႔ရြာတိုင္းမွာ ဖြဲစည္းရမယ္။
  • သံဃာေတာ္ေတြရဲ႕ စည္းကမ္းထိန္းသိမ္းမႈကို လူထုက လိုက္နာေဆာင္ရြက္ရမယ္။
  • ႏိုင္ငံေရးေတာင္းဆိုမႈထက္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအသြင္ေဆာင္တဲ့ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ျဖစ္ရမယ္။
  • အမ်ဳိးသားေရးဦးေဆာင္မႈအသြင္တစ္ရပ္ျဖစ္ေအာင္တည္ေဆာက္ရမယ္။
  • ၾကားျဖတ္အစိုးရဖြဲစည္းရမယ္။ (ေတာ္လွန္ဦးေဆာင္သူ၊ တပ္မေတာ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္၊တိုင္းရင္းသား၊ ျပည္သူ႔ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အခ်ဳိ႔ ပါ၀င္တဲ့)
  • ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ၿငိမ္ခ်မ္းေရးတပ္ေတြ လိုအပ္ရင္ ေခၚေဆာင္ရမယ္။
  • ဘုရားသား(ရဟန္းသံဃာမ်ား)၊ တပ္မေတာ္သား(စစ္သားမ်ား)၊ေက်ာင္းသား(လူငယ္-ေက်ာင္းသူ-သားမ်ား) ဦးေဆာင္မႈျဖင့္ ပူးေပါင္းပါ၀င္ကာ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ကို လူထုအားနဲ႔ တြန္းလွန္ရမယ္။
  • သတ္မွတ္ရက္တစ္ခုေပးခ်ိန္မတိုင္မွီအၿပီးတည္ေဆာက္ပါ၊ ခ်ိတ္ဆက္ပါ၊ျပင္စဥ္ပါ၊ ေနာက္ပိုင္းႏိုင္ငံေရး လက္ဦးမႈ ရွုတ္ေထြးမႈ မျဖစ္ေပၚေစရန္ႀကိဳတင္ဟန္႔တားမႈ၊ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား၊ အမိန္႔ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မ်ားျပင္စဥ္ထားၾကရမယ္။
  • လက္ရွိ သေဘာတူ ေဆြးေႏြးထားၿပီးေသာ အင္အားစုမ်ားမွာ -လူငယ္မ်ဳိးဆက္မ်ား၊ ေက်ာင္းသူ-သားမ်ား၊ ရဟန္းသံဃာမ်ားႏွင့္ အစိုးရ၀န္ထမ္း၊ျပည္သူ႔ရဲ၊ တပ္မေတာ္အရာရွိအခ်ဳိ႔ျဖစ္တယ္။
  • ဆက္သြယ္ေရးတပ္စဥ္ထားၿပီး အင္အားစုမ်ားမွာ – ရန္ကုန္၊ အထက္ျမန္မာျပည္၊ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္၊ ဧရာ၀တီတိုင္း၊ ထား၀ယ္၊ ခ်င္းျပည္နယ္၊ပဲခူးတိုင္းတို႔ျဖစ္တယ္။
  • အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားမွာ – မစိုးရိမ္တိုက္၊ အဖြဲခ်ဳပ္လူငယ္၊ Generation Wave၊Justic၊ ေျမၾသဇာ၊ ဗ.က.သ ၂၀၀၇၊ ဒဂံုတကၠသိုလ္၊ ကြမ္းၿခံကုန္းဘုန္းႀကီးထု၊ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးအင္အားစုမ်ား၊ လူထုႀကီးၾကပ္ေရး၊ ဗဟန္း- ဗာဂရာဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္းတိုက္၊ တာ၀ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား၊ စုစုေပါင္း ဦးေဆာင္အင္အား(၃၅၀) ခန္႔ရွိၿပီးျဖစ္တယ္။
  • ၀န္းရံအားအျဖစ္ ၈၈မ်ဳိးဆက္ေဟာင္းေတြ၊ ၇၄မ်ဳိးဆက္ေဟာင္းေတြ၊၆၂မ်ဳိးဆက္ေဟာင္းေတြ ရွိေနတယ္။
  • ဆက္လက္လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနျခင္းကိစၥရပ္မ်ားမွာ လူသစ္မ်ားစည္းရုံးေရး၊ လူထုၾကားလႈပ္ေဆာ္ေရး၊ အသိအျမင္ ႏိႈးၾကားေရး၊ အမ်ဳိးဂုဏ္ ဇာတိဂုဏ္နားလည္ေရး၊ စိတ္ဓါတ္ျမွင့္တင္ေရး၊ တပ္မေတာ္သားမိသားစုမ်ား ပါ၀င္ဆင္ႏြဲေရး အဓိကထား ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတယ္။
  • ၿပီးေျမာက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္မည့္အခ်ိန္ရာထားခ်က္ – ၾသဂုဏ္လဆန္းပိုင္း လူထုအားလံုးပူေပါင္းပါ၀င္၍ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စံနစ္ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ရပ္တန္႔ႏိုင္သည့္အထိ တဆင့္ျခင္းျမွင့္တင္ တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္မယ္။
  • (ပုန္းခိုျခင္း အခ်ိန္မရွိေတာ့ၿပီ) တစ္ဦးဖမ္းခံရလွ်င္ ႏိုင္ငံသားတိုင္းလိုက္လံေတာင္းဆိုရမယ္။
  • ေခါင္းေဆာင္သည္ မိမိတို႔ကိုယ္တိုင္ျဖစ္ေနျခင္းေၾကာင့္ မည္သူမည္၀ါအား ေစာင့္ဆိုင္းေတာ္လွန္ျခင္းမျပဳရ။
  • ျပတ္သားေသာ လူငယ္ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား၊ ရဟန္းသံဃာမ်ား၊ တပ္မေတာ္သားမ်ား၊ ဦးေဆာင္မႈျဖင့္ ေတာ္လွန္မယ္။
  • ျဖစ္ေပၚလာေသာ လူထုကိစၥ၊ ျပႆနာတိုင္းသည္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး၏လက္နက္သဖြယ္ဆုတ္ကိုင္ႏိုင္ရမယ္။
  • ေခါင္းေဆာင္ဆိုသူမ်ား၏ အမိန္႔ေစာင့္ဆိုင္းရန္ မဟုတ္၊ မိမိတို႔ ရဲရင့္သူမ်ား ဦးေဆာင္ေသာတိုက္ပြဲ ျဖစ္တယ္။
  • ဦးေဆာင္တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္သူတိုင္း ေတာ္လွန္ေရးဦးေဆာင္သူေတြျဖစ္တယ္။
  • တိုင္းျပည္နဲလူမ်ဳိးအတြက္ အမ်ဳိးသားေရးတာ၀န္တရပ္ ရဲရဲ၀င့္၀င့္ထမ္းေဆာင္တာျဖစ္တယ္။
  • စြန္႔လႊတ္အနစ္နာခံရမယ္၊ သီးခံစြမ္းရည္ ျမွင့္မားရမယ္၊ ေဆြးေႏြးရွင္းျပႏိုင္ရမယ္။
  • ကိုယ္က်င့္သီလတရား ျပည့္၀ရမယ္။ လုပ္ရပ္နဲ႔ သက္ေသျပရမယ္။

ဒါေတြဟာ ငါတို႔ရဲ႕ တာ၀န္နဲ႔၀တၱရား၊ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္။

နအဖ စစ္အာဏာရွင္လူတစ္စု ဘာေတြလုပ္ႏိုင္ေခ် ရွိလဲ?

  • ဖမ္းဆီးပိတ္ဆို႔မယ္၊ ရိုက္ႏွက္ၿခိမ္းေခ်ာက္မယ္၊ သတ္ျဖတ္ေခ်းမႈန္းမယ္၊
  • ဘယ္ေလာက္လုပ္ႏိုင္မလဲ? တခ်က္ေလာက္ ေခါင္းေအးေအးထားၿပီး စဥ္းစားၾကည့္ၾကပါ။
  • ေထာင္ေတြ ျပည့္သြားမွာေပါ့ (ရဲရင့္သူ လူငယ္ တစ္ေသာင္းေလာက္ ရန္ကုန္မွာလႈပ္ရွားၿပီး၊ ႏိုင္ငံအ၀ွမ္း လူဦးေရ ငါးေသာင္းေလာက္ ပါ၀င္တိုက္ပြဲ၀င္ရင္…)။
  • ဖိႏွိပ္မႈ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေပးရမယ့္ ၀န္ထမ္းေတြ၊ ပစ္ခတ္ရမယ့္ စစ္သားေတြ၊ ၀ိုင္းရိုက္ရမယ့္ ႀကံဖြတ္၊ စြမ္းအားရွင္၊ လႈံထိန္းေတြ၊ (အလုပ္မဆင္းခ့ဲၾကရင္၊ မိမိအိမ္မွာ အေၾကာင္းျပခ်က္တစ္ခုခုနဲရပ္တည္ေနၾကရင္၊ခြင့္ယူထားၾကရင္)
  • အမိန္႔ေပးမယ့္ ထိပ္ဆံုးကလူတစ္ေယာက္၊ ၿပီးေတာ့ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္၊ ဗိုလ္မႈးတစ္ရာ၊ တစ္ေထာင္နဲ႔ (ေထာင္၊ေသာင္း၊သိန္းခ်ီေနတဲ့ လူထုကို)ဘယ္လိုဖိႏွိပ္ႏိုင္မွာလဲ?
  • (ပစ္ခတ္လက္နက္ ရွိရံုနဲ႔ က်ည္မထြက္ပါဘူး) တပ္မေတာ္သားေတြ ဆံုးျဖတ္ရမယ့္ေနာက္ဆံုးအခ်ိန္ပါ။


တိုက္ပြဲအတြက္ေခာက္အဆက္ဆက္ရင္းႏွီးခဲၾကတဲ့ သူရဲေကာင္းေတြ ေသာင္းခ်ီေနပါၿပီ၊ တႀကီမ္တစ္ခါ ျပတ္ျပတ္သားသား အရင္းအႏွီးႀကီးႀကီး ေပးရဲတယ္ဆိုရင္၊ ငါတို႔ရည္မွန္းခ်က္ပန္းတိုင္ ေရာက္မွာေသခ်ာတယ္။ ေပးဖို႔အစဥ္သင့္ျပင္ၾကရမယ္။

အဓိကလိုအပ္တာက မိမိတို႔ရဲ႔ စိတ္ဓါတ္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ ခိုင္မာမႈျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒါကလဲ အေတြးရွင္းရင္ အလုပ္ရွင္းရွင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္တယ္။ မိမိကိုယ့္ကို (ငါတို႔ကိုယ္ငါတို႔) ယံုၾကည္ဖို႔ လိုတယ္။

ရဲရင့္သူေတြအတြက္ ေအာင္ပြဲရွိတယ္။ တိုက္ရဲသူေတြ အတြက္ ပန္းတိုင္ရွိတယ္။ ေသသြားတဲ့ အာဇာနည္သူရဲေကာင္းေတြအတြက္ ဗိမာန္ ရွိတယ္။ ေသြး၊ေခ်ြး၊ဘ၀ ေပးဆပ္စြန္႔လႊတ္သူေတြ အတြက္ သမိုင္းမွတ္တမ္းရွိတယ္၊


တိုင္းရင္းသား မိဘျပည္သူလူထုအတြက္ အနာဂတ္ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ရွိဖို႔ ငါတို႔ရဲ၀င့္စြာ ေတာ္လွန္ၾကစို႔!

ကိုညီ
ေတာ္လွန္အင္အားစုမ်ားကိုယ္စား
ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႔ ၊ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ

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World focus on Burma (20 July 2008)

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Burma FM Says Opposition Leader Suu Kyi Could Be Freed in Six Months

istockAnalyst.com, OR –

Singapore, July 20 Kyodo – Myanmar Foreign Minister Nyan Win on Sunday indicated his country’s military junta could release Myanmar political dissident Aung …

Thailand stands to miss its chance to shine as asean chair
Nation Multimedia, Thailand –
To a certain degree, Asean has regained its creditability after a decade of Burma’s non-compliance by convincing the Burmese junta to loosen up its …
Columns: Catastrophe victims need help
Meadville Tribune, PA –
Only recently did the cyclone hit the Myanmar and Burma region. Shortly after that, China suffered a devastating earthquake. Both of these killed thousands …

Myanmar may free Suu Kyi in six months

Reuters South Africa, South Africa –

The document also calls on the military, which has ruled the former Burma since 1962, for the release of all political prisoners and detainees.

Myanmar says Suu Kyi may be freed soon

The Associated Press –

She has now been detained for more than 12 of the last 18 years at her home in Myanmar, also known as Burma. Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party …

Columns: Catastrophe victims need help

Meadville Tribune, PA –

Only recently did the cyclone hit the Myanmar and Burma region. Shortly after that, China suffered a devastating earthquake. Both of these killed thousands …

ASEAN foreign ministers urge Burma to release Aung San Suu Kyi

Radio Australia, Australia –

ASEAN foreign ministers have expressed deep disappointment over the extension of the house arrest of Burma’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Thais try to calm feud
Nation Multimedia, Thailand –
Thailand, which is due to take over Asean’s rotating chair after Singapore, placed much effort in bringing the border stand-off to a bilateral discussion …

Japanese Agency Views Issues “Overshadowing” ASEAN’s Singapore Meeting

istockAnalyst.com, OR –

… and also political developments in Myanmar [Burma] at their informal working dinner on Sunday, which kicks off this week’s series of ASEAN-led meetings. …

RP to host first ASEAN disaster response exercise

Inquirer.net, Philippines –

“You know, we have been beset by so many natural disasters, recently we have [cyclone] Nargis in Burma, earthquake and floods in China and of course the …

Myanmar: Two very ancient statues of Buddha found in Mandalay city …

OpEdNews, PA –

by Ashin Mettacara Page 1 of 1 page(s) By Ashin Mettacara In Mandalay, the second city of Burma ( also known as Myanmar) three very ancient Buddha statues …

Regional Integration, Disaster Relief, Security Expected to …
Voice of America –
Burma was criticized by the West and human rights groups for restricting access to the hardest hit areas and for refusing direct aid. …
From the Wire
AlterNet, CA –
Cyclone Nargis left an estimated 2.5 million people homeless and dispossessed, and at least 130000 dead. The Burmese military junta continues to obstruct …
ASEAN Begins Annual Security Talks
Voice of America –
High on the agenda will be relief efforts in the military-ruled nation of Burma, which was devastated by cyclone Nargis in May The storm killed 78000 people …

Thai Based Website Urges UN, ASEAN to Be “Proactive” Over Burma …

istockAnalyst.com, OR –

Meanwhile, the country’s leading pro-democracy figure, Aung San Suu Kyi, remains under house arrest and opposition groups suffer intimidation and the threat …

Asean talks overshadowed by Thai-Cambodia dispute, Myanmar

Straits Times, Singapore –

A TENSE border dispute between Thailand and Cambodia, and perennial questions over military-run Myanmar, are overshadowing three-day talks among Asean …

LAWRENCE J. HAAS: Democracies can react to genocide, global …

Fresno Bee (subscription), CA –

… Council could not agree on collective action to stop the killing in Rwanda, the Balkans or Darfur, or the brutal suppression in Burma and Zimbabwe. …

Myanmar: Sui Kyi under restricted residence

Merinews, India –

The SLORC of Myanmar has placed Aung San Suu Kyi, the leader of National League of Democracy, under restricted residence, isolating her from any contact …

Asean must move on Human Rights

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

The CMLV bloc (Cambodia, Myanmar/Burma, Laos, and Vietnam), who are seen to be less open to human rights, and indeed may view the issue as a non-Asean …

Thailand condemned for kicking out refugees

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

New York-based Human Rights Watch yesterday blasted Thailand for forcing 52 Karen refugees to return to a conflict zone in Burma on Asarnha Bucha Day. …

Big Brother Versus YouTube: Let the Beijing Games Commence

istockAnalyst.com, OR –

Sousveillance famously made an appearance with the beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, the hanging of Saddam Hussein in 2006 and the protests in Burma in …

World War II museum in New Orleans has new mission

Dallas Morning News, TX –

Plans include an exploration of the great campaigns of the war, including China-Burma-India, Italy and North Africa. Exhibits will detail the support of …

East St. Louis man built roads

Belleville News Democrat, USA –

Instead, they would be working on the Ledo Road, a ground route through the foothills of the Himalayas from India through Burma and on to China. …

Palm Beach Synagogue trip to Israel includes teen’s visit to …

Palm Beach Daily News, FL –

Another memorable experience was traveling the so-called Burma Road, a primitive mountain track the Israelis built and used to carry supplies to Jerusalem …

Around The Globe, Subsidized Gas, Rampant Growth

Hartford Courant, United States –

… last summer when Burma raised fuel prices? A vast popular uprising and crackdown that brought the world’s wrath raining down on the ruling junta. …

ASEAN to continue soft treatment of Myanmar – Feature

Earthtimes (press release), UK –

Debbie Stothard, coordinator of the Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma, warned ASEAN against kowtowing to the whims and caprices of the military junta that …

Relief for Red Cross

Tasmanian Government Media Releases (press release), Australia –

Ms Singh said that conditions in both countries remain difficult in the wake of tropical cyclone Nargis which hit Myanmar (Burma) and the earthquake that …

North Korea, Myanmar to dominate Asia’s main security dialogue …

International Herald Tribune, France –

Also on the agenda will be the behavior of Myanmar’s junta, which has done little to allow democracy and has refused to free opposition leader Aung San Suu …

ASEAN not shedding kid gloves in treatment of Myanmar – Feature

Earthtimes (press release), UK –

Even with the humanitarian effort in Myanmar, formerly Burma, ASEAN treaded carefully and did not ram its way into the situation, coming in only three weeks …

Goals for emissions cuts rely on dictators

San Francisco Chronicle, USA –

Remember what happened last summer, when Burma raised fuel prices? A vast popular uprising that brought the world’s wrath raining down on the ruling junta. …

Fanning the Flames of Racism
Town Hall, DC –
Yet, as Brett D. Schaefer explains in hisHeritage Foundation piece,”While the council has passed relatively mild condemnations of Sudanand Burma, …

Fascism in Indonesia, no big deal?

Jakarta Post, Indonesia –

Onghokham contrasted Indonesia’s national struggle and other popular movements in Burma, Vietnam and China. Led respectively by General Aung San, …

ASEAN urged to heap pressure on Myanmar

Inquirer.net, Philippines –

Debbie Stothard, of the Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma, a rights group, said that how Myanmar’s junta “seriously mishandled” the cyclone will be “the …

The comb-over Soviet-style tyrant who could soon be one of the …

This is London, UK –

Since January 2005, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has listed it along with Zimbabwe, Burma, Iran, North Korea and Cuba as a five-star pariah nation. …

Asian security talks to tackle NKorea, Myanmar

AFP –

“For the first time in its history, ASEAN was actually effective at something,” said Dave Mathieson, a consultant on Burma for the US-based Human Rights …

Thai Asean chief urges border restraint

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

Singapore (dpa) – Secretary General Surin Pitsuwan of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations has called for “maximum restraint” in the border dispute …

A New Generation of Activists Arises in Burma

Washington Post, United States –

The most recent statements criticized the junta for holding a referendum on a new constitution while the bodies of cyclone victims were still floating in …

Sanctions; Do They Really Work?

The Standard, Zimbabwe –

Limited sanctions against Burma have not shifted the ruling junta there. The Arab embargo on Israel has not changed Israeli policy. …

Why has China bought Mugabe a mansion?

Telegraph.co.uk, United Kingdom –

(Mr Howell’s father survived being shot down in one in Burma.) As I reported in February, a 175-page document, known as EC Regulation 1899/2006, …

Irish college accepts Burma refugees

Times Online, UK –

Dundalk Institute of Technology is offering on-line degrees to Karen students living on the Thai-Burma border BURMESE refugees living on the Thai-Burma …

Semi-Synthetic Narcotics Facts

TransWorldNews (press release), GA –

Four foreign source areas produce the heroin available in the United States: South America (Colombia), Mexico, Southeast Asia (principally Burma), …

Fresh Cold War tension heats up Security Council

Sunday Times.lk, Sri Lanka –

Judging by the recent political deadlock in the Security Council — over Iran, Myanmar (Burma), Palestine, Zimbabwe and Sudan — one wonders whether the …

Appeal on behalf of refugees

Nation Multimedia, Thailand –

In its statement, the KWO expressed concern about the safety of the Karen, mostly women and children, who were forced by Thai soldiers back into Burma. …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 20, 2008 at 5:28 am

Day of action for Burma in Chester

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INDYMEDIA UK

wrexham woman | 19.07.2008 21:33 | Anti-militarism | Repression | Liverpool

Wrexham Women for Peace and supporters held a stall for Burma in Chester city centre today, to encourage people to boycott TOTAL petrol stations, to call for the release of all political prisoners in Burma, and to support those affected by Cyclone Nargis. In the afternoon, there was a demo outside Hoole TOTAL petrol station.

A rather damp and windswept stall
A rather damp and windswept stall

Outside Hoole TOTAL petrol station
Outside Hoole TOTAL petrol station

Nearly everyone beeped to show their support
Nearly everyone beeped to show their support

Free Burma!
Free Burma!

Banner
Banner


The morning sunshine was punctuated by torrential downpours and high winds, so it was a bit of a challenge to keep the stall upright and the leaflets dry. Nevertheless, Chester was packed with people for the Lord Mayor’s parade, so we weren’t short of punters.

In the afternoon, in slightly kinder weather, we held a noisy demo outside Hoole TOTAL petrol station. The response to our ‘beep for burma’ banners and placards was overwhelming. An irate TOTAL worker came out to shout at us for venturing onto the forecourt and to defend her employer on the spurious grounds that Shell – who she used to work for – is just as unethical. Yeah, we know that, but today is about Burma and TOTAL is the main culprit there.

It would be great if these demos were held at a frequency to cause real concern to TOTAL, and with the aim of shutting the petrol station down. Anyone in Chester or nearby up for this?

wrexham woman
- e-mail: wrexhamwomen_at_yahoo.co.uk

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 20, 2008 at 5:15 am