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အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ က်ဆံုးမွ တတိုင္းျပည္လံုး စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ခံစားရမယ္

Archive for July 18th, 2008

Congratulations to Mr. Nelson Mandela on your 90th birthday

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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela

  • Former President, African National Congress
  • Former President of South Africa

Video: Mandela on 90th Birthday: Rich Should Help Poor AssociatedPress


Times Online

Mandela beams at grandchildren’s ‘Happy Birthday’
The Associated Press –
QUNU, South Africa (AP) – Nelson Mandela sat beaming in a yellow armchair, his legs propped up on a large stool and covered with a pale yellow blanket.

South Africa Celebrates Nelson Mandela’s 90th Birthday Voice of America
BBC NewsAFPTimes OnlineHindu
all 1,520 news articles »

A Brief Biography

Mandela’s words, “The struggle is my life,” are not to be taken lightly.

Nelson Mandela personifies struggle. He is still leading the fight against apartheid with extraordinary vigour and resilience after spending nearly three decades of his life behind bars. He has sacrificed his private life and his youth for his people, and remains South Africa’s best known and loved hero.

Mandela has held numerous positions in the ANC: ANCYL secretary (1948); ANCYL president (1950); ANC Transvaal president (1952); deputy national president (1952) and ANC president (1991).

He was born at Qunu, near Umtata on 18 July 1918.

His father, Henry Mgadla Mandela, was chief councillor to Thembuland’s acting paramount chief David Dalindyebo. When his father died, Mandela became the chief’s ward and was groomed for the chieftainship.

Mandela matriculated at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School and then started a BA degree at Fort Hare. As an SRC member he participated in a student strike and was expelled, along with the late Oliver Tambo, in 1940. He completed his degree by correspondence from Johannesburg, did articles of clerkship and enrolled for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

In 1944 he helped found the ANC Youth League, whose Programme of Action was adopted by the ANC in 1949.

Mandela was elected national volunteer-in-chief of the 1952 Defiance Campaign. He travelled the country organising resistance to discriminatory legislation.

He was given a suspended sentence for his part in the campaign. Shortly afterwards a banning order confined him to Johannesburg for six months. During this period he formulated the “M Plan”, in terms of which ANC branches were broken down into underground cells.

By 1952 Mandela and Tambo had opened the first black legal firm in the country, and Mandela was both Transvaal president of the ANC and deputy national president.

A petition by the Transvaal Law Society to strike Mandela off the roll of attorneys was refused by the Supreme Court.

In the ‘fifties, after being forced through constant bannings to resign officially from the ANC, Mandela analysed the Bantustan policy as a political swindle. He predicted mass removals, political persecutions and police terror.

For the second half of the ‘fifties, he was one of the accused in the Treason Trial. With Duma Nokwe, he conducted the defence.

When the ANC was banned after the Sharpeville massacre in 1960, he was detained until 1961 when he went underground to lead a campaign for a new national convention.

Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the military wing of the ANC, was born the same year. Under his leadership it launched a campaign of sabotage against government and economic installations.

In 1962 Mandela left the country for military training in Algeria and to arrange training for other MK members.

On his return he was arrested for leaving the country illegally and for incitement to strike. He conducted his own defence. He was convicted and jailed for five years in November 1962. While serving his sentence, he was charged, in the Rivonia trial, with sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment.

A decade before being imprisoned, Mandela had spoken out against the introduction of Bantu Education, recommending that community activists “make every home, every shack or rickety structure a centre of learning”.

Robben Island, where he was imprisoned, became a centre for learning, and Mandela was a central figure in the organised political education classes.

In prison Mandela never compromised his political principles and was always a source of strength for the other prisoners.

During the ‘seventies he refused the offer of a remission of sentence if he recognised Transkei and settled there.

In the ‘eighties he again rejected PW Botha’s offer of freedom if he renounced violence.

It is significant that shortly after his release on Sunday 11 February 1990, Mandela and his delegation agreed to the suspension of armed struggle.

Mandela has honorary degrees from more than 50 international universities and is chancellor of the University of the North.

He was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa on 10 May 1994 – June 1999

Nelson Mandela retired from Public life in June 1999. He currently resides in his birth place – Qunu, Transkei.

Source: http://www.anc.org.za/people/mandela.html

For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
July 18, 2008

President and Mrs. Bush Extend Congratulations to Nelson Mandela on 90th Birthday

On behalf of the people of the United States, Laura and I extend congratulations to Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela on his 90th birthday. I applaud the leadership he is providing on many vital causes in South Africa and around the world. Mr. Mandela is a great example of courage, hope, and the power of freedom.

# # #

Happy Birthday, Nelson.

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 18, 2008 at 6:40 pm

Posted in Varieties in English

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GEORGE W. BUSH : Captive Nations Week, 2008

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Captive Nations Week, 2008
A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America

Freedom is the longing of every soul and the birthright of all mankind. During Captive Nations Week, we underscore our commitment to advancing democracy, defending liberty, and protecting human rights around the world.

It is in our Nation’s interest to help those who are suffering under oppressive regimes defeat the ideologues of hate with an ideology of hope. Advancing the cause of liberty advances the cause of peace. A free society upholds justice and defends human dignity. Over the years, many have underestimated the power of freedom to overcome tyranny, but history has shown us that freedom will prevail.

In the 20th century, the evils of Soviet communism and Nazi fascism were defeated and freedom spread around the world as new democracies emerged. Today, our Nation faces new struggles with adversaries who murder the innocent and seek to subject millions to their violent, totalitarian rule. Still, we remain confident that the light of liberty will again overcome this darkness.

To bring that day about, we must support young democracies in places like Afghanistan and Iraq. In countries like Belarus, Burma, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, and Zimbabwe, people continue to live under oppressive regimes, and we will work for the day when all these nations are free. By opposing these despots and helping young democracies grow, we will lay the foundation of peace and prosperity for generations to come. Throughout Captive Nations Week, we renew our pledge that as people across the world find their own paths to freedom, they will also find a friend in the United States of America.

The Congress, by Joint Resolution approved July 17, 1959 (73 Stat. 212), has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation designating the third week in July of each year as “Captive Nations Week.”

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 20 through July 26, 2008, as Captive Nations Week. I call upon the people of the United States to reaffirm our commitment to all those seeking liberty, justice, and self-determination.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-third.

GEORGE W. BUSH

http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2008/07/20080718-3.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

July 18, 2008 at 6:33 pm

နအဖ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားကို စစ္ရာဇဝတ္မႈျဖင့္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာခံုရံုးတင္ႏိုင္ (DVB အင္တာဗ်ဴး)

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World focus on Burma (18 July 2008)

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60 years of celebrating human rights
Khaleej Times, United Arab Emirates –
“The tragedy of 20 years of isolation of Burma has done no good, even though the politicians have felt good about condemning the human rights record of the …

Palm riot lawyer seeks law change

The Australian, Australia –

Mr Levitt said yesterday he had support from left-wing unions and human rights organisations, and had been contacted by the offices of two federal Liberal …

Asean Unlikely To Reach Agreement On Human Rights Issue

Bernama, Malaysia –

“The meeting from July 20 to 24 will concentrate on human rights under the Asean Charter, the definition of human rights, its scope and so on. …

NLD determined to observe Martyrs’ Day at any cost

Mizzima.com, India –

Chiang Mai – Despite the Burmese military junta’s attitude suggesting that restrictions will be imposed while observing the 63rd Martyrs’ Day which falls …

THAILAND/CAMBODIA: Row Over Ancient Temple May Sour ASEAN Spirit

Inter Press Service (subscription), Italy –

The others are Brunei, Burma, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. Last November, ASEAN leaders signed a charter for the …

Tubbesing Out At CNS

Air Cargo News.com, NY –

Yangon is the commercial capital of Myanmar, formerly Burma that continues to suffer grievously from Cyclone Nagris. Convoys of trucks laden with relief …

UN cuts relief flights to Burma, worrying aid groups

CBC.ca, Canada –

Cutbacks to United Nations aid flights to Burma next month could hamper relief efforts that have already been criticized for failing to provide adequate …

ASEAN bows to Myanmar’s wish not to mention Suu Kyi in statement+

TMCnet –

The United Nations said Tuesday that Ibrahim Gambari, UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon’s special adviser on Myanmar, has received an official invitation …

UN to end Myanmar aid flights on Aug. 10
The Associated Press –
BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) — A United Nations decision to end aid flights to Myanmar next month could hurt relief efforts already struggling to reach millions

Fund raising concert to be held in Canada

Mizzima.com, India –

“They (World Vision Canada) have sponsored several children in Myanmar [Burma], so there are thousands of Canada sponsored children in Myanmar [Burma],” …

Chester’s Sex and the City theme night aids charity

Chester Evening Leader, UK –

The fundraiser at the Northgate Street venue, organised by Eileen Owens, of Bollicini, raised funds for cyclone and earthquake victims in Burma and China. …

Four NLD members arrested

Mizzima.com, India –

Chiang Mai – The Burmese military junta authorities arrested four NLD members from Rangoon Division yesterday. They were whisked away from their homes …

Roadshow for Rotary charity

Whitby Today, UK –

The most recent activities of Shelterbox include getting permission to go into Burma – one of the only charities to gain access in those early days, …HKG:0888

Desperate Burmese fishermen stranded in Indian coast for five months

Mizzima.com, India –

The three Burmese fishermen reportedly belong to Pyapon town in Burma’s Irrawaddy division, which was among the worst hit by Cyclone Nargis in May. …

Authorities Plan to Buy Rice from Farmers

Narinjara News, Bangladesh –

A source from Maungdaw, a western border town of Burma, said that the township authority invited village chairmen to Maungdaw on Monday to explain the …

HMS Westminster returns to Portsmouth

Portsmouth News, UK –

A month-long extension to the deployment, which included two weeks on standby off Burma after Cyclone Nargis, could have meant him missing the flight to his …

Commentary: Is Burma ready for a new election?

Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway –

“I don’t think the people of Myanmar should lose hope in the UN. The UN is doing the best it can,” he went on. “When I was working there, I was doing the …

Three Laputta Refugee Camps to Close

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

By AUNG THET WINE LAPUTTA, Burma — Burmese authorities will close three remaining refugee camps in Laputta, one of the areas hardest-hit by Cyclone Nargis, …

Japan Monitoring Aid Distribution to Burma

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

By LALIT K JHA / UNITED NATIONS Japanese aid to Burma for the reconstruction phase in the cyclone affected areas of the Irrawaddy Delta will be determined …

Charges of Forced Labor Emerge in Cyclone-hit Areas

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

Burma’s military regime has been strongly condemned by international rights groups for its use of forced labor in building army camps and constructing basic …

Delivering Aid While Countering Corruption

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

But business sources in Burma say the price of FECs started to fall in the wake of Cyclone Nargis, as the junta decided to allow major international aid …

FAO Seeks Funds for Myanmar Fisheries

TheFishSite.com, UK –

MYANMAR – The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has announce that it seeks US$33.5 million to help revive Myanmar agriculture after it was devastated …

Delivering Aid While Countering Corruption

The Irrawaddy News Magazine, Thailand –

By YENI The United Nations’ top humanitarian relief official, John Holmes, will visit Burma soon to assess the progress of humanitarian relief work in …

FAO Seeks Funds for Myanmar Fisheries

TheFishSite.com, UK –

MYANMAR – The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has announce that it seeks US$33.5 million to help revive Myanmar agriculture after it was devastated …

Burmese Guards Accepting PrePay TopUp Cards As Bribes

Cellular-News, UK –

Security guards on the border between Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar) are reported to be taking bribes of mobile phone PrePay top up cards from traders …

Gaza, Mediterranea – 3 week cease-fire – open the doors!

Newropeans Magazine, France –

It is almost like the behaviour of the military junta in Burma.” (Peace Nobel Laureate Desmond Tutu, The Independent, May 30) Israel must end the Gaza …

Eyeball to Eyeball at the Top of the World

Minivan News, AZ –

… in 1913 – the MacMahon Line, which China rejects (though it accepts that line as its frontier with Burma, which was then part of British India). …

Nargis devastates Rice Bowl of Asia

Newstrack India, India –

The devastating tropical cyclone Nargis that struck southern Burma (Myanmar) two months ago not only killed thousands of people, but also devastated the …

Progress unlikely from Gambari’s visit: Opposition

Mizzima.com, India –

Chiang Mai – Even as UN Special Envoy Mr. Ibrahim Gambari is schedule to re-visit Burma next month, the opposition at home and abroad said little is …

Many happy returns

Ottawa Citizen, Canada –

While his legacy to the field of international human rights is undisputed, his political legacy to his own country is still a little hazy. …

Burma to ratify ASEAN Charter: Singapore

Sydney Morning Herald, Australia –

Military-ruled Burma will officially agree next week to the ASEAN Charter, which commits Southeast Asian nations to notions of democracy and human rights, …

Grief over missing family lingers

Ottawa Citizen, Canada –

The military junta’s handling of the recent crisis remains a sore point for Mr. Aye and many other Burmese several weeks after the tragedy. …

Sailors return in time for royal visit

Portsmouth News, UK –

The British warship HMS Westminster – which rushed to assist after a devastating cyclone hit Burma – was due to return home at 10.15am. …

Donations to Myanmar Bibles doubled

Mission Network NEws (press release), Grand Rapids –

Several other ministries in Myanmar have expressed an interest in helping to distribute the New Testaments. One of WBTC’s ministry partners in Burma …

In presidential statement following day-long debate, Security …

ReliefWeb (press release), Switzerland –

The representative of the United States noted that the recruitment and use of child soldiers persisted in many countries, including Burma, Sri Lanka, …

ASEAN given grade C for its handling of Burma

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

Since Myanmar is expected to top the agenda during the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM), Yeo compared the organization to a class in school in his evaluation …

In presidential statement following day-long debate, Security …

ReliefWeb (press release), Switzerland –

The representative of the United States noted that the recruitment and use of child soldiers persisted in many countries, including Burma, Sri Lanka, …

This is time to fight human trafficking

Vanguard, Nigeria –

Are young boys from Cambodia and Burma safe from endless days and nights labouring on precarious fishing boats? The answers to these questions and many more …

Merit-makers turn out in force

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

In Tak, Burmese immigrants in Mae Sot district yesterday held a grand religious ceremony to make merit for the victims of Cyclone Nargis in Burma.

JOEL BRINKLEY: Subsidized gasoline keeps dictators in power

Belleville News Democrat, USA –

Remember what happened last summer when Burma raised fuel prices? A vast popular uprising that brought the world’s wrath raining down on the ruling junta. …

Burmese opposition ready to escalate pro-democracy fight

guardian.co.uk, UK –

(video included)

“After the September uprising and then the terrible cyclone response, the anger is surging. Some are considering violent means … the Burmese people are not …

Secretary Rice to Travel to the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific

US Department of State, DC –

… where she will discuss US-ASEAN cooperation as well as regional issues such as disaster relief, Burma, free trade, and food and energy security. …

Baptist help valuable, recovery slow in Burma, China

Associated Baptist Press, FL –

The ABC had affiliated workers in place in Burma before the storm. American Baptists are working in partnership with the Myanmar Baptist Convention. …

Rights & Wrongs: Singapore, Afghan Boys, Cluster Bombs, and More

World Politics Review –

UN EXPRESSES GRAVE CONCERN FOR AFGHAN BOYS — Sexual abuse of Afghan boys and their conscription into armed service are both on the rise, United Nations …

By VOA News A United Nations food agency is appealing for more money to help fishermen and farmers in Burma who were hard hit by Cyclone Nargis. …

Wells Fargo donates over $37000 to Catholic Charities

WANE, IN –

Shortly after the Myanmar disaster, over 250 Wells Fargo team members in Fort Wayne participated in a “Jeans Day” fundraiser that yielded over $2200. …

Rice confirms she will attend Asean meeting

Bangkok Post, Thailand –

The humanitarian disaster in Burma, free trade and food and energy security will be on the agenda, spokesman Sean McCormack said. …

Don’t make women trade-item for tourism

The New Nation, Bangladesh –

The CRS report stated that US President George W. Bush on Oct. 18, 2007 issued sanctions against North Korea, Burma, Cuba, Iran, Syria, and Venezuela, …