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Archive for May 30th, 2008

Myanmar may use forced labor in cyclone recovery: ILO

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Fri May 30, 2008 12:09pm EDT

By Stephanie Nebehay

GENEVA (Reuters) – The International labor Organisation warned on Friday of an increased risk Myanmar’s ruling military may try to use forced labor — including children — to rebuild the country after this month’s cyclone.

The ILO has been at loggerheads with the former Burma for more than a decade over what the United Nations agency calls a widespread practice of forcing villagers to work on infrastructure projects or as porters for the army.

It is also concerned about the recruitment of minors into military service in the secretive state whose ruling junta has been heavily criticized by the West for its reluctance to let in foreign aid workers following Cyclone Nargis, which struck on May 2 and left 134,000 people dead or missing.

As Myanmar seeks to recover from the devastating storm, the ILO said U.N. agencies and relief workers must be aware of “the increased risk of incidences of forced labor, child labor, human trafficking and migrant labor as the authorities and individuals come to grips with the sheer size of the tragedy.”

The ILO is working with Myanmar authorities to “ensure that the reconstruction effort does not involve the use of forced labor in any of its forms,” it said in a report on Friday.

Steve Marshall, ILO’s liaison officer in Yangon, submitted the report to the annual International labor Conference, being held in Geneva through June 13. A key committee of ILO’s 182 member states will hold a debate on Myanmar on Saturday.

“From the ILO’s perspective it is important to assist communities but the reconstruction work must be done in line with international standards,” Marshall told Reuters on Friday.

So far, there have not been any verified reports of forced labor linked to the disaster, he said, adding: “We’re not saying it isn’t happening.”

Myanmar passed a decree in October 2000 abolishing forced labor, which is banned under an ILO Convention it has ratified. The Geneva-based agency was allowed to open an office there two years later to help it eradicate the practice.

But the ILO said in its report some victims of forced labor were harassed or detained in the past year when they sought to report abuses. This had discouraged many others from coming forward and distorted official figures.

Some 89 allegations of forced labor have been lodged under a complaints mechanism set up in February 2007, the report said.

“The incidence of harassment and detention of persons associated with its application has severely limited its operation,” it said of the mechanism. “The number of complaints therefore cannot be seen to reflect the size of the issue.”

Six young labor activists, sentenced to between 20 and 28 years in jail last year for helping organise a May Day workers’ rights seminar, remain in prison, the ILO report said.

(Editing by Laura MacInnis and Mary Gabriel)

http://www.reuters.com/article/newsMaps/idUSL3057668120080530

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 5:22 pm

စစ္အစိုးရကို ႏိုင္ငံတကာ တရား႐ံုးသို႔ လႊဲအပ္ဖို႔ ေရွ႕ေနမ်ား ေကာင္စီ ေတာင္းဆို

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RFA (Burmese)
2008-05-29

မနက္ျဖန္ ေမလ (၃၀)ရက္ေန႔မွာ ဒီပဲယင္းလုပ္ႀကံမႈႀကီးျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တာ (၅)ႏွစ္ျပည့္ခဲ့ပါၿပီ။ ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံ အေျခစိုက္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ေရွ႕ေနမ်ား ေကာင္စီက ဒီပဲယင္းလုပ္ႀကံမႈ (၅) ႏွစ္ေျမာက္ ႏွစ္ပတ္လည္ေန႔ အထူးထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္တေစာင္ ေမလ ၂၉ရက္ ဒီကေန႔ ထုတ္ျပန္လိုက္ပါတယ္။

(Courtesy of Artist Min Kyaw Khine)

ဒီမိုကေရစီ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္၏ ပံုတူကို နယူးေယာက္ၿမိဳ႕ အေျခစိုက္ ပန္းခ်ီ မင္းေက်ာ္ခိုင္က ေရးဆြဲ ဂုဏ္ျပဳထားျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။ (Courtesy of Artist Min Kyaw Khine)

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း ျဖစ္ပြားေနတဲ့ ျပစ္မႈႀကီးေတြအေပၚ အေရးယူႏိုင္ဖို႔အတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ လံုၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီကေန ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈ ဆိုင္ရာ တရား႐ံုးကိုလႊဲအပ္ေပးဖို႔ အဲဒီထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာ ေတာင္းဆိုထားပါတယ္။

ကုလသမဂၢ အတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ မစၥတာ ဘန္ကီမြန္းအေနနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ကိုယ္တိုင္သြားေရာက္ၿပီး မုန္တိုင္းေဘးဒုကၡသည္ေတြ အေရးအတြက္ ေဆာင္႐ြက္ခဲ့တာ၊ ဒီပဲယင္းလုပ္ႀကံမႈႀကီးနဲ႔ ဆက္စပ္ၿပီး ထိန္းသိမ္းခံေနရတဲ့ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္အတြက္ ဝမ္းနည္းစကားေျပာတာ၊ လြတ္ေျမာက္ေအာင္ လုပ္မယ္လို႔ ကတိစကား ေျပာၾကားခဲ့တာေတြအတြက္ ေက်းဇူးတင္ရမွာျဖစ္ေပမဲ့ ျမန္မာ့အေျခအေနဟာ ဒီမွ်ေလာက္နဲ႔ မလံုေလာက္ေတာ့ဘူးလို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေရွ႕ေနမ်ားေကာင္စီ ထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာ အစခ်ီထားပါတယ္။

ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို ဖမ္းဆီးထားတာဟာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာ တရား႐ံုးဥပေဒပါ ျပဌာန္းခ်က္ကို အတိအက် ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္ေနတာ ျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ ဒီအမႈကို အေရးယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္ဖို႔အတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ လံုၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာတရား႐ံုးကို လႊဲေျပာင္းေပးႏိုင္တဲ့ အခြင့္အာဏာရွိတဲ့အျပင္ လႊဲေျပာင္းေပးဖို႔ တာဝန္လည္းရွိတဲ့အတြက္ လႊဲေျပာင္းေပးဖို႔ ေတာင္းဆိုေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။ ဒီကိစၥနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေရွ႕ေနမ်ားေကာင္စီ အေထြေထြ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးေအာင္ထူးက အခုလိုေျပာပါတယ္။

ဦးေအာင္ထူး။   ။ “ဒီပဲယင္းနဲ႔ ဆက္စပ္ၿပီးေတာ့ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို ဖမ္းထားတဲ့ ကိစၥဟာ ျပည္တြင္း ဥပေဒထဲက ဘယ္ဥပေဒနဲ႔မွ အက်ံဳးမဝင္ဘူး။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ၅ႏွစ္ေက်ာ္ ဆက္ဖမ္းတဲ့ကိစၥ ကုစားဖို႔အတြက္ ျပည္တြင္းမွာ ရွိတဲ့ ဥပေဒေတြနဲ႔ လံုးဝ အေရးယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္လို႔ မရေတာ့ဘူး။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ဥပေဒအရ အေရးယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္ဖို႔ လိုအပ္လာတယ္။ အဲဒီလို စဥ္းစားတဲ့အခါက်ေတာ့ လက္ရွိတည္ဆဲ ဥပေဒျဖစ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာ တရား႐ံုးဥပေဒ ပုဒ္မ (၇) လူသားအျဖစ္ အသက္ရွင္သန္မႈကို ဆန္႔က်င္တဲ့ ျပစ္မႈရဲ့ ပုဒ္မခြဲ (e) မွာ အဓိက ျပ႒ာန္းထားခ်က္ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီ ျပ႒ာန္းထားခ်က္က ဘာလဲဆိုေတာ့ ‘ေထာင္သြင္းအက်ဥ္းခ် ဖမ္းဆီးျခင္း၊ လူတေယာက္ ရပိုင္ခြင့္ရွိတဲ့ အေျခခံ လြတ္လပ္မႈေတြကို ျပင္းထန္စြာ ဆံုး႐ံႈးေစျခင္းဆိုတဲ့ ျပ႒ာန္းခ်က္နဲ႔ အက်ံဳးဝင္တယ္။”

“ဒါေၾကာင့္မို႔ ဒီေန႔ အခ်ိန္ကာလမွာ ကုလသမဂၢ လံုျခံဳေရး ေကာင္စီအေနနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ျဖစ္ပ်က္တဲ့ မတရားမႈေတြ ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးသြားဖို႔ဆိုရင္ ခုခ်ိန္မွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ဥပေဒအရ အေရးယူေဆာင္႐ြက္ႏိုင္ဖို႔ နည္းလမ္းကလြဲရင္ အျခားနည္းလမ္း မရွိေတာ့ဘူး။”

၂၀၀၂ ခုႏွစ္မွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာတရား႐ံုး စတင္ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့ၿပီး ေနာက္တႏွစ္အၾကာ ၂၀၀၃ ခုႏွစ္ မွာ ဒီပဲယင္းလုပ္ႀကံမႈႀကီး ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တာပါ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ ဒီပဲယင္းလုပ္ႀကံမႈႀကီးကိုက်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ တာဝန္ရွိ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြကို ထိထိေရာက္ေရာက္ အေရးမယူႏိုင္ခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ဒီလို အေရးမယူႏိုင္တာဟာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအရ ေတြ႕ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးမႈကို ထိခိုက္ေလမလားဆိုတဲ့ စိုးရိမ္မႈေတြေၾကာင့္ အေရးယူေရးကို တညီတညြတ္တည္း မေတာင္းဆိုႏိုင္ခဲ့တာ၊ လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ ျပည္တြင္း တရားစီရင္ေရးစနစ္မရွိတာ၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာ တရား႐ံုးဥပေဒကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက အတည္ျပဳ လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးမထားတာေတြ ေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္တယ္၊ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ ျပစ္မႈ က်ဴးလြန္သူေတြဟာ ၂၀၀၇ ခုႏွစ္ စက္တင္ဘာလမွာ သံဃာေတာ္ေတြကို ဖမ္းဆီး ႏွိပ္စက္သတ္ျဖတ္ခဲ့တဲ့အထိ လက္ရဲဇက္ရဲ ပိုျဖစ္လာၾကတယ္လို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။

ဒါေပမဲ့ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာက်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ျပစ္မႈႀကီးေတြ အေပၚ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာတရား႐ံုးအေနနဲ႔ အေရးယူေဆာင္႐ြက္ႏိုင္တဲ့ အလားအလာေတြ ပိုေတြ႕လာေနရၿပီလို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္က ဆိုပါတယ္။ ဆူဒန္ႏိုင္ငံဟာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာတရား႐ံုး ဥပေဒကို လက္မွတ္ ထိုးမထားေပမဲ့ လံုၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီက လႊဲအပ္ခဲ့တဲ့အတြက္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ ျပစ္မႈႀကီးေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံတကာတရား႐ံုးက ၂၀၀၅ ခုႏွစ္ကစၿပီး အေရးယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္ေနၿပီျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက မႈခင္းေတြကိုလည္း အခုလို ေဆာင္႐ြက္သင့္တဲ့ အေၾကာင္း ၾသစေၾတးလ်ႏိုင္ငံရဲ့ ေလဘာပါတီက ၂၀၀၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေမလက တိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ၿပီး ဥေရာပသမဂၢ ပါလီမန္ ကလည္း ၂၀၀၈ ခုႏွစ္ ေမလမွာ အလားတူတိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါတယ္။

အခု ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ထားတဲ့အမႈဟာ ျပည္တြင္းဥပေဒအရ သံုးသပ္႐ံုနဲ႔ မလုံေလာက္ေတာ့ပဲ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ဥပေဒအရ သံုးသပ္အေရးယူဖို႔သာ ရွိေတာ့တယ္လို႔ ဦးေအာင္ထူးက ဆက္လက္ေျပာဆိုခဲ့ပါတယ္။

အဲဒီလို လႊတ္ ၊ ဖမ္း သံသရာႀကီး အၿပီးအပိုင္အဆံုးသတ္သြားဖို႔နဲ႔ စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ေတြ႕ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးေရး ေပၚေပါက္လာဖို႔အတြက္ နအဖ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာတရား႐ံုးက အေရးယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္တဲ့အဆင္႔ထိ ေရာက္ေအာင္ ဝိုင္းဝန္းႀကိဳးပမ္းေပးၾကဖို႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာအသိုင္းအဝိုင္းကိုလည္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေရွ႕ေနမ်ားေကာင္စီက ေမတၲာရပ္ခံလိုက္ပါတယ္။

http://www.rfa.org/burmese/news/lawyers_council_demands_international_trial-05292008155551.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 3:38 pm

UN: Myanmar junta forcing storm victims from camps

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Fri May 30, 6:45 AM ET

YANGON, Myanmar – Myanmar’s military government is removing cyclone victims from refugee camps and dumping them near their devastated villages with virtually no aid supplies, the United Nations said Friday.

In an aid agency meeting, the U.N. Children’s Fund said eight camps earlier set up by the government to receive homeless victims in the Irrawaddy delta town of Bogalay had emptied as the mass clear-out of victims was stepped up.

“The government is moving people unannounced,” said Teh Tai Ring, a UNICEF official, adding that authorities were “dumping people in the approximate location of the villages, basically with nothing.”

Camps were also being closed in Labutta, another town in the delta, a low-lying area which took the brunt of Cyclone Nargis nearly a month ago.

About 2.4 million are homeless and hungry after the May 2-3 cyclone hit Myanmar, also known as Burma.

Centralizing the stricken people in the centers made it easier for aid agencies to deliver emergency relief since many villages in the delta can only be reached by boat or very rough roads.

Aid workers who have reached some of the remote villages say little remains that could sustain their former residents: houses are destroyed, livestock has perished and food stocks have virtually run out. Medicines are nonexistent.

The UNICEF official said that some of the refugees are “being given rations and then they are forced to move.” But others were being denied such aid because they had lost their government identity cards.

A senior U.N. official in Bangkok, Thailand, said he could not confirm the camp closures but added that any such forced movement was “completely unacceptable.”

“People need to be assisted in the settlements and satisfactory conditions need to created before they can return to their place of origins,” Terje Skavdal, head of the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, told reporters. “Any forced or coerced movement of people is completely unacceptable.”

There had been previous reports of forced removals, but on a scattered basis. In some cases, people were reportedly sent away ahead of visits by foreign dignitaries, and in others people were sent from schools that were to be used as voting places during a recent national referendum on a new constitution. People were also cleared out of some Buddhist temples where they had taken shelter, but in those cases apparently had been transferred to official refugee camps.

Human rights and aid groups also complained Friday that Myanmar’s military government was still hindering the free flow of international help for victims.

Some foreign aid staff were still waiting for permission to enter the Irrawaddy delta while the regime continues to review entry requests for 48 hours, the groups said.

One foreign aid worker attending Friday’s meeting said that in practice it took at least four days to obtain permission from the Ministry of Social Welfare to travel to the delta.

“The longer you want to stay, the longer it takes,” he said, declining to give his name for fear of government reprisals.

“The Burmese government is still using red tape to obstruct some relief efforts when it should accept all aid immediately and unconditionally,” the U.S.-based Human Rights Watch said in a statement.

The International Red Cross was waiting for permission to send 30 of its foreign staffers into the delta.

The regime has also barred naval vessels from the United States, France and Great Britain from entering Myanmar’s waters, leaving them to wait offshore with their loads of humanitarian supplies. The French have been forced to dock in Thailand and turn over the relief goods to the United Nations for onward shipment into Myanmar.

“By still delaying and hampering aid efforts … the generals are showing that, even during a disaster, oppression rules,” Human Rights Watch said.

While welcoming millions of dollars from the international community for cyclone relief, Myanmar lashed out at donors for not pledging enough. State-run media decried donors on Thursday for only pledging up to $150 million — a far cry from the $11 billion the junta said it needed to rebuild.

The isolationist government agreed to allow foreign aid workers in after U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon met with leader Senior Gen. Than Shwe last weekend.

But delays continue, Human Rights Watch said.

Myanmar’s government says the cyclone killed 78,000 people and left another 56,000 missing.

The country’s xenophobic leaders are leery of foreign aid workers and international agencies, worrying they could weaken the junta’s powerful grip. The generals also don’t want their people to see aid coming directly from countries like the U.S., which the regime has long treated as a hostile power.

In Singapore on Friday, Sen. Joseph Lieberman said regional superpowers India and China should exert their influence over Myanmar’s military junta to push it toward democracy. Lieberman, who is in Singapore to attend a security conference, said he and other senators have met with the ambassadors of the two countries in Washington to convey this message.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080530/ap_on_re_as/myanmar;_ylt=Ah6BTd5n0HkvaeUhbiT.t4RvaA8F

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 2:54 pm

ဆိုင္ကလုန္းမုန္တိုင္းမွ ကိုယ္ေတြ႔အျဖစ္အပ်က္

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Myanmar Herald Tribune မွ ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပသည္။

မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္ကို ခံစားခဲ့ၾကရတဲ့ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ား စိတ္ေရာဂါေ၀ဒနာအခ်ိဳ႕ကို ခံစားေနၾကရ

MHT_(27-5-200 8)

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေအာက္ပိုင္းေဒသေတြကို အင္အားျပင္းထန္စြာနဲ႔ ၀င္ေရာက္တိုက္ခက္သြားခဲ့တဲ့ ဆိုက္ကလံုးနာဂစ္အၿပီးအခုအခ်ိန္မွာေတာ့ မုန္တိုင္ဒဏ္ကိုဆိုးရြားစြာ ခံစာခဲ့ရတဲ့ေဒသေတြမွာေနထိုင္ေနၾကရတဲ့ ကေလးငယ္ေတြဟာ မုန္တိုင္ဒဏ္ေၾကာင့္ အမည္ေဖာ္ရန္ခက္ခဲ့လွတဲ့ စိတ္ေရာဂါေ၀ဒနာေတြကို ခံစားေနၾကရတယ္လို႔ ထိုေဒသမ်ားသို႔ သြားေရာက္ကာ လူမႈေရးအလွဴေပးခဲ့တဲ့ လူငယ္အမ်ားအျပားကဆို ပါတယ္။

လိတ္ကၽြန္းေက်းရြာေန ကေလးငယ္တစ္ဦအား လွဴဒါန္းထားေသာ ေခါက္ဆြဲေျခာက္တစ္ထုပ္ႏွင့္ ေတြ႕ရစဥ္

ကေလးငယ္ေတြဟာ မုန္းတိုင္းက်ေရာက္ေနစဥ္မွာပင္ ေၾကာက္လန္႔ျခင္းေ၀ဒနာကို (၁၅) နာရီလံုးလံုးခံစားခဲ့ၾကရတဲ့အတြက္ ဒီလို ေၾကာက္လန္႔မႈစြဲလန္းျခင္း စိတ္ေ၀ဒနာကို ခံစားေနၾကရတာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ စိတ္ေရာဂါအထူးကုဆရာ၀န္တစ္ဦးက MHT သို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။ ယခုအခ်ိန္ဆိုလွ်င္ မုန္တိုင္းတိုက္ခက္ၿပီးသြားခဲ့သည္မွာ (၂၃) ရက္ ၾကာျမင့္ခဲ့ၿပီျဖစ္ေပမယ့္ သူတို႔ခံစားေနၾကရတဲ့ ေ၀ဒနာေတြကေတာ့ ေပ်ာက္ပ်က္သြားျခင္မရွိေသးပဲ ပိုပိုဆိုးရြားလာေနေၾကာင္း ေဒသခံအမ်ိဳးသမီးတစ္ဦးက MHT သို႔ အခုလိုဆိုပါတယ္။

ကၽြန္မရဲ႕သားေလးက အခုမွ ႏွစ္ႏွစ္ခြဲပါ။ မုန္တိုင္းက်တဲ့ညက ကၽြန္မတို႔မိသားစုက ေလွကို အုန္းပင္မွာခ်ီၿပီးေနခဲ့ၾကရတယ္။ တစ္ညလံုးဆိုပါေတာ့ရွင္။ ကေလးဆိုတာကလည္း ငိုလိုက္တာလြန္ေရာ။ ကၽြန္မတို႔ေရွ႕မွာပဲ မခံႏိုင္လို႔လက္လႊတ္လိုက္တဲ့လူေတြ ေသၿပီးေမ်ာလာတယ္။ တစ္ခ်ိဳ႕လူေတြက်ေတာ့ အပင္ေတြလဲက်လို႔ ပိၿပီးေသခဲ့တယ္။ ဒီလိုအျမင္ေတြအကုန္လံုကို ကၽြန္မတို႔ ႀကံဳေတြ႕ခံစားခဲ့ရၾကရတာေပါ့။

ကၽြန္မသားေလးဆိုရင္ ကၽြန္မ ေရမြန္းၿပီး ေသၿပီလို႔ေတာင္ထင္ခဲ့တာ။ သူသာအဲ့ဒီညက ေသခဲ့မယ္ဆိုရင္ ကၽြန္မလည္း ဘာမွ လုပ္ႏိုင္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘယ္ေလာက္ဆိုးလဲဆိုရင္ တစ္ညလံုး သူငိုေနတဲ့ဟာကို ကၽြန္မ ႏႈတ္နဲ႔ပဲ ေခ်ာ့ႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္။ ေခါင္းကို ေရမျမဳပ္ေအာင္ သူ႔ဖေအက ထိန္းေပးထားတယ္။

ဒီရြာက ကၽြန္မအသိ အမ်ိဳးသမီးတစ္ေယာက္ဆိုရင္ မီးဖြားဖို႔ ႏွစ္ရက္ေလာက္ပဲ လိုေတာ့တာ။ မုန္တိုင္းက်ေတာ့ တက္လာတဲ့ ေရေတြၾကားထဲ အသက္မေသေအာင္ ေျပးရင္းလႊြားရင္းနဲ႔ အေပၚကိုေရာက္လို႔ ၾကည့္လိုက္ ေတာ့ သူဗိုက္က ေဖာင္းမေနေတာ့ဘူး။ ကေလးဆိုတာ ဘယ္က်ေနခဲ့မွန္းကို မသိေတာ့ဘူး။ သူလည္း ေသြးႏုသားႏု၊ စားစရာက ဘာမွမရွိ ကုစရာေဆး၀ါးကမရွိေတာ့ မုန္တိုင္းက်ၿပီး ႏွစ္ရက္ေနေတာ့ ဆံုးသြားတယ္။ စိတ္မေကာင္းစရာပဲေပါ့။ သူ႔ထက္စာရင္ ကၽြန္မတို႔က အမ်ားႀကီးခံသာပါေသးတယ္။

ကေလးကေတာ့ မိုးေတြရြာလာၿပီဆုိရင္ အတင္းငိုေတာ့တာပဲ ဘယ္လိုေခ်ာခ်ာ့ကို ေခ်ာ့လို႔မရေအာင္ပဲ။ အခု သူစကားစေျပာ တတ္ေနၿပီဆိုေတာ့ “အေမ အေမ မိုး မိုး”  ဆိုၿပီး တစ္ခ်ိန္လံုး ေအာ္ငိုေနတာ” လို႔ သူမ ေတြ႕ႀကံဳခဲ့ရတဲ့ အျဖစ္အပ်က္ေတြကို ခံစားခ်က္ႀကီးစြာနဲ႔ ေျပာျပခဲ့ပါတယ္။

နာဂစ္မုန္တိုင္းအၿပီး အသက္မေသဘဲ က်န္ရစ္ခဲ့သည့္ ကြမ္းၿခံကုန္းၿမိဳ႕နယ္အတြင္းရွိ ေက်းရြာတစ္ရြာမွ

ကေလးငယ္မ်ား လာေရာက္လွဴဒါန္းမည့္သူမ်ားကို ေစာင့္ေမွ်ာ္ေနၾကစဥ္

မုန္တုိင္းဒဏ္ကို အလူးအလဲခံစားခဲ့ၾကရတဲ့ အဲ့ဒီလိုေဒသေတြမွာေတာ့ ျပည္သူေတြဟာ မုန္တိုင္းအတြင္းမွာ ေသရင္ေသခဲ့ မေသပဲ အသက္ရွင္က်န္ရစ္ခဲ့ရင္လည္း အစာေရစာငတ္ပ်က္ကာ ရက္ပိုင္းအတြင္းမွာပဲ ဆက္လက္ေသဆံုးသူေတြ အမ်ားအျပားရွိေနတာကို ကၽြန္ေတာ္မ်ား MHT မွ တက္ႏိုင္သမွ် စံုလင္ေအာင္ တင္ျပေပးသြားမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

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MHT

awaiset.navanar@gmail.com

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Original post URL: http://myanmarht.wordpress.com/2008/05/27/%e1%80%99%e1%80%af%e1%80%94%e1%80%b9%e1%80%90%e1%80%ad%e1%80%af%e1%80%84%e1%80%b9%e1%80%92%e1%80%8f%e1%80%b9%e1%80%80%e1%80%ad%e1%80%af-%e1%80%81%e1%80%b6%e1%80%85%e1%80%ac%e1%80%b8%e1%80%81%e1%80%b2/

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 12:41 pm

Myanmar cyclone victims die waiting for help

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Myanmar monsoon

Los Angeles Times

GLOOMY OUTLOOK: Daily monsoon rain lashes villages in the Irrawaddy River Delta, where boats are the only way in or out for residents and relief groups.

Los Angeles Times

From a Times Staff Writer
May 30, 2008

PA DEWE GAW, MYANMAR — Tropical Cyclone Nargis didn’t kill Ma Thein Hlaing. Neglect did.

She was in the village monastery, reciting Buddha’s canons day and night in the five-day ceremony of pahtan, as the storm gathered strength over the ocean close enough to see from her riverbank village.

The cyclone struck like a ferocious beast clawing at its prey. Thein Hlaing, 56, cowered inside with 19 other worshipers who fought to hold on against a rising flood.

The monastery began to break apart and a large stereo speaker toppled onto her, forcing her head under the surging seawater.

Several men heaved the teak speaker off. But when the 12-hour tempest had subsided May 3, her 19-year-old son, Saw Ko, had disappeared along with the splintered pieces of the family home.

Thein Hlaing was still conscious. She needed a doctor, but in a flattened village with no boats left, her husband, Ko Myint So, had no way to get her to one.

He watched the horizon, hoping help would come from one of the nearby military bases guarding the southern coast of Myanmar, also known as Burma. It never did. More than three weeks after the storm struck, no one from the government, neither soldiers nor civilians, has come here.

In the early days after the storm, as the military government insisted that it had everything under control and shunned most foreign relief aid, the armed forces moved slowly to assist hundreds of thousands of survivors stranded in devastated Irrawaddy River Delta villages.

The government estimates that the cyclone killed 78,000 people, and that an additional 56,000 are missing. The number of injured survivors isn’t known yet. Many survivors are only now being reached as civilian relief workers push farther into isolated areas.

For days, Thein Hlaing lay in pain, pleading with her husband to do something. Each time one of the few remaining civilian vessels plying the river passed the village, he and neighbors frantically shouted and waved from the ruins.

On the fourth day after the cyclone, the crew of a fishing boat stopped at the remnants of the village dock. It would take almost three more hours to reach the nearest hospital, 25 miles northeast, in the town of Bogalay.

Thein Hlaing held on long enough to reach the jetty in Bogalay, a military relief hub. She was still alive when villagers eased her onto a stretcher and took a few hurried steps along wooden planks toward the main hospital, her husband and other witnesses said.

She passed away before reaching solid ground again.

“My wife talked a little bit on the way, and just a few minutes before she died, she said, ‘My eyes can see clearly now,’ ” recalled Myint So, 53. “Then she just closed her eyes. And she was gone.”

“She didn’t have to die,” he said, looking down at weathered hands flecked with mud. “She just didn’t get help in time.”

Nwet Nwet Win, the village nurse and midwife, was in Bogalay when the storm barreled ashore. She worked at the town’s hospital until the chief doctor announced that any staff with homes to return to could leave on Sunday.

The nurse said the first patients from outlying villages began arriving at the hospital four days after the cyclone. She knows of 30 who died, mainly children and the elderly.

“Many people died on the way to the hospital,” she said.

As if a giant hand had swept across the land, the cyclone razed hundreds of villages in the southern delta and deposited the debris along the eastern shores of islands and riverbanks for miles.

To signal relief boats, survivors squatting in makeshift shelters who are trying to stay dry in the daily monsoon deluge have raised tattered pieces of cloth on trees stripped of their branches by the winds.

In one long stretch of broken planks, tree limbs and other wreckage along the shore of Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary, a small statue of a local spirit, a protector on horseback called U Shin Hyi, is the only thing in one piece and still standing.

Burmese staff from U.N. relief agencies reached this village Tuesday, along with several cartons of food and other supplies delivered by Buddhist monks. But without fuel and a pump to clean the reservoir, or some other way to provide clean water, an outbreak of disease is a constant danger, Nwet Nwet Win said.

“I’m very worried,” the nurse said. “All I can do is tell people to boil the water.”

The United Nations and foreign relief agencies say they already have or are ready to deliver equipment to purify large amounts of water in Myanmar, but need to bring in more experts to determine the best places to set up the machines and keep them running.

The military regime has issued dozens of visas to foreign relief workers since top leader Senior Gen. Than Shwe told U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at a weekend meeting that all nations were welcome to send help.

Many more aid workers are waiting to get in, along with tons of food, medicine, building materials and other supplies, for a relief effort to support about 2.4 million people. Ban said survivors would need support for at least six more months.

The government, which has urged storm victims to be self-reliant, insists that the relief phase is complete and says it has moved on to reconstruction.

But for survivors like Myint So, what to do next remains unclear.

Before the cyclone, he had made a comfortable living making small, low-interest loans to villagers through his micro-credit bank, financed with capital from his son. Now, like most people in the delta, Myint So is broke.

He couldn’t pay for his wife’s funeral, so volunteers took care of it for him, burying her in Bogalay. He lives in a leaky shack smaller than a garden shed, which he hammered together from snapped tree trunks and clear plastic tarps.

He can’t stop thinking about the woman he loved and what could have been done to save her life.

“Before she died, I was a fit and strong guy,” he said. “But I haven’t slept a single night since then. I’m getting thinner and thinner every day.”

He paused for a moment to recall his fondest memory of Thein Hlaing, and he smiled.

“The thing I miss most about my wife is the way she talked, the way she moved,” he said. “She was a guiding star for me.”

http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hP4hLgwg2sSzc06D5JB576ks8lTg

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 9:56 am

Myanmar generals insult world donors

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Thursday 29th May, 2008

Myanmar has described world aid offers for victims of Cyclone Nargis as ‘chocolate bar’ donations.

The Myanmar junta has lashed out at offers of foreign aid, criticising demands for access to the Irrawaddy delta and saying the victims of Cyclone Nargis could stand up for themselves.

The Kyemon newspaper has said that the people from Irrawaddy can survive on self-reliance ‘without chocolate bars donated by foreign countries.’

As with all media in Myanmar, the Kyemon newspaper is tightly controlled by the army and is believed to go along with the opinions of the top generals.

The editorial also accused the international community of being stingy, noting that the United Nations was still a long way short of its US$201 million target, nearly four weeks after the disaster.

It said the level of aid stands in stark contrast to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, when governments around the world promised US$2.08 billion within the first week.

http://www.australiannews.net/story/364862

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 9:01 am

Myanmar starts evictions from cyclone camps

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30 May 2008

Members of the Singapore Red Cross prepare to leave for Myanmar with S$20,000 ($14,710) worth of medical aid at Singapore's Changi Airport May 23, 2008. (Vivek Prakash/Reuters)

Reuters Photo: Members of the Singapore Red Cross prepare to leave for Myanmar with S$20,000 ($14,710) worth…
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KYAUKTAN, Myanmar (Reuters) – Myanmar’s junta started evicting destitute families from government-run cyclone relief centers on Friday, apparently out of concern the ‘tented villages’ might become permanent.

“It is better that they move to their homes where they are more stable,” a government official said at one camp where people have been told to clear out by 4 pm (0930 GMT). “Here, they are relying on donations and it is not stable.”

Locals and aid workers said 39 camps in the immediate vicinity of Kyauktan, 30 km (19 miles) south of Yangon, were being cleared out as part of a general eviction plan.

“We knew we had to go at some point but we had hoped for more support,” 21-year-old trishaw driver Kyaw Moe Thu said as he trudged out of the camp with his five brothers and sisters, the youngest of whom is just 2- years old.

They had been given 20 bamboo poles and some tarpaulins to help rebuild their lives in the Irrawaddy delta, where 134,000 people were left dead or missing by Cyclone Nargis on May 2.

“Right now, we are disappointed,” he said.

Four weeks after the disaster, the United Nations says fewer than one in two of the 2.4 million people affected by the cyclone have received any form of help from either the government, or international or local aid groups.

Rumors are flying around the international aid community in Yangon that the evictions are occurring in state-run refugee centers across the delta.

The U.N., which has local and foreign aid workers in the delta, said it did not know if that was the case.

“We certainly don’t endorse premature return to where there are no services, and any forced or coerced movement is completely unacceptable,” U.N. spokeswoman Amanda Pitt said in Bangkok.

“CHOCOLATE BARS”

The evictions come a day after official media in the army-run former Burma lashed out at offers of foreign aid, criticizing donors’ demands for access to the Irrawaddy delta and saying cyclone victims could “stand by themselves.”

“The people from Irrawaddy can survive on self-reliance without chocolate bars donated by foreign countries,” the Kyemon newspaper said in a Burmese-language editorial.

As with all media, it is tightly controlled by the army and is believed to reflect the thinking of the top generals, who until now have shown signs of growing, albeit grudging, acceptance of outside cyclone assistance.

The editorial also accused the international community of being stingy, noting that the United Nations’ “flash appeal” was still a long way short of its $201 million target nearly four weeks after the disaster, which left 134,000 dead or missing.

The level of aid stands in stark contrast to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, when governments around the world promised $2 billion within the first week.

The tone of the editorial is at odds with recent praise of the U.N. relief effort, but follows criticism of the junta’s extension this week of the five-year house arrest of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

U.S. President George W. Bush said he was “deeply troubled” by the extension and called for the more than 1,000 political prisoners to be freed.

The State Department said the Nobel laureate’s detention would not affect U.S. cyclone aid, but a top U.S. commander said warships laden with aid would leave waters near the delta if they did not get a green light soon.

(Writing by Ed Cropley; Editing by Darren Schuettler and Sanjeev Miglani)

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20080530/wl_nm/myanmar_cyclone_dc_5;_ylt=AkUEuf4tygL.0wamV9CWIMv9xg8F

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 8:18 am

Myanmar criticized for still hindering foreign aid

30 May 2008

People line up outside an aid tent in Yangon, Myanmar, Thursday, May 29, 2008 awaiting medical treatment. Aid and relief has been slow getting to affected areas and people after a cyclone hit southern Myanmar causing mass destruction and death. (AP Photo)

AP Photo: People line up outside an aid tent in Yangon, Myanmar, Thursday, May 29, 2008 awaiting…

YANGON, Myanmar – Human rights and aid groups complained Friday that Myanmar’s military government was still hindering the free flow of international help for victims of Cyclone Nargis.

Some foreign aid staff were still waiting for permission to enter the hardest-hit Irrawaddy delta while the regime continues to review entry requests for 48 hours, the groups said.

About 2.4 million are homeless and hungry after the May 2-3 cyclone hit Myanmar, also known as Burma.

“The Burmese government is still using red tape to obstruct some relief efforts when it should accept all aid immediately and unconditionally,” the U.S.-based Human Rights Watch said in a statement.

The International Red Cross was waiting for permission to send 30 of its foreign staffers into the delta.

The regime has also barred naval vessels from the United States, France and Great Britain from entering Myanmar’s waters, leaving them to wait offshore with their loads of humanitarian supplies. The French have been forced to dock in Thailand and turn over the relief goods to the United Nations for onward shipment into Myanmar.

“By still delaying and hampering aid efforts … the generals are showing that, even during a disaster, oppression rules,” Human Rights Watch said.

While welcoming millions of dollars from the international community for cyclone relief, Myanmar lashed out at donors for not pledging enough.

State-run media decried donors on Thursday for only pledging up to $150 million — a far cry from the $11 billion the junta said it needed to rebuild. One article said the same countries that criticized Myanmar for not opening its door to aid workers were being stingy with relief aid.

The isolationist government agreed to allow foreign aid workers in after U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon met with leader Senior Gen. Than Shwe last weekend.

But delays continue, Human Rights Watch said.

Although a major improvement over the pre-cyclone period of four months needed for approval to enter the delta, the 48-hour waiting period now required is “still wasting time,” the group said.

Myanmar’s government says the cyclone killed 78,000 people and left another 56,000 missing.

The country’s xenophobic leaders are leery of foreign aid workers and international agencies, worrying they could weaken the junta’s powerful grip. The generals also don’t want their people to see aid coming directly from countries like the U.S., which the regime has long treated as a hostile power.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080530/ap_on_re_as/myanmar;_ylt=Agm8LzT7a8E_ejfHHyfWbflvaA8F

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 7:55 am

Let Them Eat Frogs

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Let Them Eat Frogs

Burma’s junta is willing to let its people starve while relief waits just offshore.

Friday, May 30, 2008; Page A12

“THE SEARCH for food begins just after dawn,” the Los Angeles Times reported Tuesday from a small, devastated village in Burma. “Each day, men, women and children fan out into paddies flooded by seawater, littered with corpses. Like prospectors working claims, they scoop up the muck in their bare hands and finger through it for grains of unmilled rice swept away by the cyclone. When their luck is good, they discover red chile peppers or small onions in mud reeking of the dead. Then, they can have condiments with their next meal of rotten rice and coconut meat.”

If only those villagers had read the New Light of Myanmar! The official newspaper for the military junta in charge (Myanmar being the generals’ name for the country) this week assured its readers that everything was returning to normal in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta. And, the junta also assured its readers, hunger could not be a problem, since farmers can gather water clover or “go out with lamps at night and catch plump frogs.”

This might be funny were it not obscene. In fact, according to editor and columnist Aung Zaw of the exile magazine Irrawaddy, more than half of the 2.4 million people affected by the cyclone have yet to receive aid. Meanwhile, a U.S. naval task force consisting of the USS Essex and three other vessels has been steaming in circles offshore since Cyclone Nargis swept through Burma on May 2 and 3. According to Adm. Timothy Keating, head of the U.S. Pacific Command, the task force could deliver 250,000 pounds of relief material per day, by plane, helicopter and amphibious landing craft. “And the kids out there, the young sailors and Marines, are desperate to provide help,” Adm. Keating said Wednesday. “Some of them have experience with the tsunami at Aceh. Some of them have experience with Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh last Thanksgiving. So these guys, they know what they’re doing and they know how much help they can provide just that quick. . . . And there would be significant materiel going ashore within an hour, I’d say.”

So why are those villagers still scrounging? “As yet,” Adm. Keating explained, “we don’t have permission from Burma to conduct those operations.”

That’s right. Since the cyclone that left more than 100,000 people dead or missing, Burma’s generals have found time to conduct a phony referendum to make military rule permanent; issue a decree extending the house arrest of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi; detain many other democracy activists and ordinary civilians and monks trying to deliver aid to cyclone victims; harry and repulse foreign correspondents (the Los Angeles Times reporter quoted above had to file anonymously); and complain that foreign governments are being stingy with “reconstruction” aid. But the junta continues to prevent the kind of large-scale relief operation that the country needs, allowing in just enough private aid workers to defuse international pressure.

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon was right to visit Burma and press the junta to admit more aid. But he was wrong, in explaining why he didn’t say much there about Aung San Suu Kyi, to urge a “focus on people, not politics.” It is politics — the generals’ politics — that is killing uncounted numbers of children in Burma’s delta. It is the generals’ politics to rebuff emergency relief while demanding reconstruction loans that could make the junta richer. And it is the generals’ politics that is forcing villagers to strain the mud for rotten rice while tons of clean food float unused not many miles away.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/29/AR2008052903597.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 7:16 am

Posted in Editorial

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UN Sees Major Disease Threat in Burma

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UN Sees Major Disease Threat in Burma


By JONATHAN LYNN / REUTERS WRITER / GENEVA Friday, May 30, 2008

The United Nations is stepping up efforts to combat malaria, cholera and other diseases in Burma that are now the main threat to millions left homeless by this month’s cyclone, a senior official said on Thursday.

Stagnant water in the wake of the cyclone and storm surge, which left up to 2.4 million people destitute, has created ideal breeding conditions for malaria and dengue, said World Health Organisation assistant director-general Eric Laroche.

Saw Htu, who lost all his cattle during cyclone Nargis, poses in his damaged house in Denongho near Pyapon on May 20, in an isolated area only accessible by boat which received neither government nor foreign aid. Foreign aid workers pressed into the Irrawaddy Delta, testing the junta’s pledge to open up areas where one million people have yet to receive aid three weeks after the cyclone. (Photo: AFP)

Laroche heads the international health operation formed to deal with the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis, which struck Burma’s fertile Irrawaddy Delta region and the former capital Rangoon on May 2.”The major threat in health now is communicable disease,” he said the day after his return from Rangoon. It was also the monsoon season in Burma, a time when malaria, dengue fever and cholera outbreaks tend to occur, he said.

The government was treating any cases of acute diarrhea as potential cholera, he said. Non-governmental organizations have reported outbreaks of cholera, but none has been verified and the government has not confirmed any, he said.

The WHO is leading a partnership with official, private and non-governmental organizations in Burma to tackle the crisis. It has approved a $28 million action plan over six months for the program, including $10 million directly for WHO operations.

Another priority was to rebuild Burma’s health infrastructure.

The government had already called on private firms to help rebuild schools and hospitals and reconstruction was taking place surprisingly quickly.

Hunger for those left homeless or without the ability to grow food is also a health risk.

“The more malnourished you are, the more inclined you are to be infected,” he said.

Laroche said the Burmese authorities had become much more open about letting in aid workers and granting access to the affected areas in the Irrawaddy delta.

The military regime had been criticized for dragging its feet on allowing a large-scale international effort to tackle the after-effects of the cyclone, which left 134,000 dead or missing.

“It is very clear that things have changed… Obtaining visas is much easier now,” he said.

His words contrasted with those of the UN humanitarian coordinator in Burma, Dan Baker, who said earlier that red tape was still obstructing access to the delta.

Nearly a week after junta supremo Than Shwe promised he would allow in “all” legitimate foreign aid workers, the United Nations said only seven UN expatriate staff had made it out of Rangoon on Wednesday, Baker told Reuters.

“Following what’s been agreed during the last week, I mean that’s just really not acceptable,” Baker said of bureaucratic red tape hampering their access to the delta where up to 2.4 million people were left destitute by Cyclone Nargis on May 2.

Some analysts say it may be out of fear that opening up the country would loosen the grip on power the army has held since a 1962 coup.

Other aid groups also faced problems getting out of Rangoon.

The International Federation of the Red Cross, which has some 30 foreign experts in Rangoon, is still waiting for a green light to us them to establish aid hubs in the delta.

Red Cross spokesman John Sparrow said Myanmar Red Cross workers were doing a tremendous job but they had little experience in handling such a complex major disaster.

“The people we have who we can deploy have seen this before,” he said of the foreign staff who have expertise in areas such as health, water, sanitation and shelter.

“They can quickly make decisions, advise and evaluate. They bring experience and know how,” he said.

Baker, who visited the delta on Tuesday on a government-sponsored trip, said larger towns such as Bogalay and Laputta appeared to be getting a steady stream of supplies.

But in one town there only appeared to be enough rice for a couple of days.

“People were making signs like putting their fingers to their mouth as though they were hungry,” he said.

There were no indications of major outbreaks of disease, beyond some cases of diarrhoea and respiratory infections, he said.

He said a joint assessment by the United Nations, Asean and the Burmese regime was expected within 2 weeks and will “hopefully solve this question of, are there people who haven’t been reached at all? If so, where are they?”

http://www.irrawaddy.org/highlight.php?art_id=12380

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

May 30, 2008 at 7:03 am