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Archive for January 28th, 2008

ေၾသာ္… ကြာျခားလွပါဘိ

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ျမန္မာလူငယ္မ်ား အင္တာနက္ကတဆင့္ လူမႈေထာက္ပ့ံ ကူညီႏုိင္ရန္ ႀကိဳးပမ္း

24 January 2008 VOA news

ဦးေအာင္လြင္ဦး – အစီအစဥ္ကုိရယူရန္ (MP3) audio clip
ဦးေအာင္လြင္ဦး – နားဆင္ရန္ (MP3) audio clip

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ ႀကံဳေတြ႔ေနရတဲ့ လူမႈအက်ပ္အတည္းေတြကုိ တတပ္တအား ကူညီ ေျဖရွင္းတဲ့အေနနဲ႔ အလွဴဒါန လုပ္တဲ့ေနရာမွာ လူငယ္ေတြလည္း ပါ၀င္လႈပ္ရွားေနၾကပါတယ္။ ဒီအထဲက ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕က အင္တာနက္အြန္လုိင္းမွာ စုံစည္းၾကတဲ့ လူငယ္ေတြရဲ႕ အလွဴဒါန လုပ္ငန္းကလည္း အေတာ္ကေလး ခရီးေရာက္ေနၿပီလုိ႔ သိရပါတယ္။
အေၾကာင္းစုံကုိ ကုိေအာင္လြင္ဦးက တင္ျပေပးထားပါတယ္။

ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕က လူငယ္တခ်ဳိ႕က သူတုိ႔ရဲ႕အားလပ္ခ်ိန္ကေလးေတြမွာ တျခား အေပ်ာ္အပါးေတြနဲ႔ ေလလြင့္အခ်ိန္မျဖဳန္းဘဲ အက်ဳိးရွိရွိ အသုံးခ်ဖုိ႔ စိတ္ကူးနဲ႔ အခုလုိ လူမႈေရးလုပ္ငန္းေတြမွာ ကူညီ ေဆာင္ရြက္ ေနခဲ့ၾကတာပါ။ လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ၂ ႏွစ္က ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕ လႈိင္သာယာၿမိဳ႕နယ္က မီးေဘးသင့္သူေတြကုိ ကူညီရာက အခုလုိ တစုိက္မတ္မတ္ အလွဴအတန္းေတြ လုပ္ကုိင္လာၾကတာလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အြန္လုိင္းအလွဴရွင္မ်ားလုိ႔ အမည္ေပးထားတဲ့ ဒီအဖဲြ႔ စုစည္း ေဆာင္ရြက္ျဖစ္တဲ့ အေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လုိ႔ အဖဲြ႔၀င္
အသက္ ၂၂ ႏွစ္အရြယ္ လူငယ္တဦးက အခုလုိ ဆုိပါတယ္။
“က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ ၂၀၀၅ မွာ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔သူငယ္ခ်င္းေတြေပါင္းၿပီး အလွဴတခု လုပ္မယ္ ဆုိၿပီးေတာ့ အဲလုိလုပ္ရင္းကေန စလုပ္ျဖစ္သြားတာပါ။ အဲလုုိလုပ္ရင္းနဲ႔ အၿမဲ စုေပါင္းၿပီး လုပ္ၾကရင္ ပိုေကာင္းမယ္ဆုိၿပီး လုပ္ၾကတာပါ။ အခု ေလာေလာဆယ္ကေတာ့ မိဘမဲ့ ကေလးေက်ာင္းေတြ၊ ဘုိးဘြားရိပ္သာတခ်ဳိ႕ လွဴတယ္။ ေနာက္ ေဆး႐ုံမွာ ေအာက္ဆီဂ်င္ လိုတာ လွဴတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔သူငယ္ခ်င္းေတြစုၿပီး တလကို ႏွစ္ေထာင္စီစုၿပီး ထည့္ၾကတယ္။ အဲဒီထဲမွာ တျခားထည့္ႏုိင္တဲ့ လူေတြကေတာ့ ပိုၿပီးလွဴၾကတယ္။ ဥပမာ ေအာက္ဆီဂ်င္ လွဴဖုိ႔ ရွိတယ္ဆုိရင္ သူတုိ႔ေတြက ထပ္ထည့္ၾကေသးတယ္”

ပုံမွန္စုေဆာင္းရရွိေငြရယ္လုိ႔ သတ္သတ္မွတ္မွတ္ မရွိေပမယ့္ လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ၂ ႏွစ္ကစလုိ႔ အခုလုိ အလွဴအတန္းေတြကုိ တတ္အားသေရြ႕ လုပ္ေဆာင္ လာတာ အခုဆုိ ခန္႔မွန္းေခ် ျမန္မာေငြတန္ဖုိး ၁၀ သန္းေလာက္ အထိ လွဴဒါန္းခဲ့ၿပီးၿပီလုိ႔လည္း ဆုိပါတယ္။ အခုဆုိရင္ ဒီလုပ္ငန္းကုိ စိတ္၀င္စားလုိ႔ ပါ၀င္လာသူ ရာဂဏန္းေက်ာ္အထိ ရွိေနၿပီလုိ႔လည္း သိရပါတယ္။ ဒီလုိ လူငယ္ေတြ လူမႈေရး အေထာက္အပံ့ အကူအညီ ေပးေရး လုပ္ငန္းေတြမွာ ပါ၀င္ေဆာင္ရြက္ျဖစ္လာၾကတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းကုိလည္း ေမးၾကည့္ပါတယ္။

“ဘယ္လုိေၾကာင့္ စလုပ္ျဖစ္လဲဆုိေတာ့ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ သူငယ္ခ်င္းေတြ စုေပါင္းၿပီး အလွဴေလးေတြလုပ္တယ္။ လုပ္ေတာ့ တျခားသူေတြက ျမင္တယ္။ ျမင္ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔လုိပဲ လုိက္လုပ္ၾကတယ္။ တခ်ဳိ႕လည္း က်ေနာ္တုိ႔လုိ Group ေလးေတြရွိပါတယ္။ လုိက္လုပ္ၾကေတာ့ ဘာပဲေျပာေျပာ တခ်ဳိ႕ လူငယ္ေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားရဲ႕စိတ္ထဲမွာ ငါတုိ႔ေတြက လူငယ္ေတြပဲ၊ အလွဴအတန္းဆုိတာ လုပ္စရာမလုိဘူး၊ အလွဴအတန္းလုပ္တယ္ဆုိတာ အသက္ႀကီးတဲ့အခါမ်ဳိးေတြ၊ ကိုယ္ပုိင္ပိုက္ဆံရွာႏုိင္မွ လွဴတာေကာင္းတယ္လို႔ ထင္ၾကတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔က်ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ရတဲ့ မုန္႔ဘုိးထဲက၊ ဒီမွာဆုိ အင္တာနက္ တနာရီ သုံးမယ္၊ ဂိမ္းတနာရီကစားမယ္ဆုိရင္ ငါးရာရွိတယ္။ အဲဒီငါးရာက မိဘမဲ့ကေလးေက်ာင္းမွာ ကေလးတေယာက္ရဲ႕ မနက္စာ၊ ေန႔လယ္စာ၊ ညစာ၊ တရက္ သူအသက္ဆက္ရွင္ဖို႔အတြက္၊ စားဖုိ႔အတြက္ စားစရိတ္ ရတယ္။ အဲလုိမ်ဳိးကြာတယ္။
“က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ ဒီမွာ တနာရီေလး ခဏေလးသုံးလုိက္႐ုံနဲ႔ ကုန္သြားမယ့္ ပိုက္ဆံက ဒီမွာ ဘယ္ေလာက္အက်ဳိးရွိတယ္ဆုိတာ။ ဥပမာ တေန႔ကို ႏွစ္နာရီကစားမယ္ဆုိရင္ တနာရီ ေလွ်ာ့ကစားျဖစ္သြားတာေပါ့ေနာ္၊ သူ႕စိတ္ထဲမွာ အဲလုိမ်ဳိးေလး ျဖစ္သြြားတယ္။ ဘာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ အဲလိုစိတ္ေလး ျဖစ္သြားေတာ့ သူမ်ားကို ကူညီခ်င္တဲ့စိတ္လည္း ျဖစ္သြားတယ္
ဆုိေတာ့ စိတ္ဓာတ္ ျမင့္မားတာေပါ့။ ႏုိင္ငံတႏုိင္ငံမွာက ခ်မ္းသာဖုိ႔ ဆုိတာထက္ လူေတြအားလုံးရဲ႕ စိတ္ဓာတ္ေရးရာျမင့္မားဖို႔ကလည္း အေရးႀကီးတဲ့က႑တခုမွာရွိတယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ယူဆတယ္”

ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕က လူမႈေရးကူညီေထာက္ပံ့မႈ ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ လူငယ္တဦး ေျပာျပသြားတာပါ။ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ က်န္းမာေရး၊ ပညာေရး အစရွိတဲ့ ျပႆနာ အပါအ၀င္ လူမႈေရး အက်ပ္အတည္းေတြ ႀကီးထြားေနၿပီး ကူညီေထာက္ပံ့မႈေတြ အႀကီးအက်ယ္ လုိအပ္ေနတယ္ လုိ႔လည္း ကုလသမဂၢ အပါအ၀င္ ႏုိင္ငံတကာ အသုိင္းအ၀ုိင္းက ေျပာဆုိထားတာပါ။ တခ်ိန္တည္းမွာပဲ ျမန္မာစစ္အစုိးရ အာဏာပုိင္ေတြက လူမႈေရးလုပ္ငန္း လုပ္ကုိင္သူေတြ၊ အသင္းအဖဲြ႔ေတြ အေပၚ ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္မႈေတြ ရွိေနတာေၾကာင့္ သူတုိ႔ရဲ႕ လုပ္ငန္းေတြကုိ ေကာင္းေကာင္းမြန္မြန္ မလုပ္ကုိင္ႏုိင္ၾကဘူးလုိ႔လည္း ေထာက္ျပ ေျပာဆုိမႈေတြ ရွိၾကပါတယ္။

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 28, 2008 at 4:34 pm

World Focus on Burma (28 Jan 08)

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  1. Barack Obama’s Rambo Foreign Policy
    National Ledger, AZ –

    Burma, also known as Myanmar, has become one of several proposed high-profile targets for those advocating military intervention in other countries’ civil …

  2. US, UK, France press Myanmar to restore democracy
    Inquirer.net, Philippines –
    “We have repeatedly made clear that the situation in Burma cannot continue, and that we remain committed to helping the people of Burma,” they added. …
  3. Refugees victimized by vandals
    Waterbury Republican American, CT – Jan 27, 2008
    WATERBURY — When Toe Toe Po and his family moved from Myanmar, formerly Burma, to the city last summer, they were relieved to escape the terror and …
  4. Search by Movie Title
    WTOP, DC – Jan 27, 2008
    On the nearby Thai-Burma (Myanmar) border, the world’s longest-running civil war, the Burmese-Karen conflict, rages into its 60th year. …
  5. Worst national security administration ever: Opium edition
    BTC News –
    Between 1990 and 2000, Afghanistan never accounted for more than about 40% of the world’s opium-producing acreage; Myanmar (formerly Burma) was the biggest …
  6. ‘Meet The Spartans’ Conquers Box Office
    Access Hollywood –
    Benz talks about how difficult it was shooting in the jungles of Burma, receiving death threats, and why she felt it was important to shoot this movie in …
  7. EU envoy commences latest Burmese initiative
    Mizzima.com, India –
    Slovenian Foreign Minister Dimitrij Rupel assured Fassino that, “During Slovenia’s Presidency, the Burma/Myanmar issue will be permanently on the agenda. …
  8. Gambari to revisit New Delhi to garner support for Burma
    Mizzima.com, India –
    New Delhi – United Nations Special Envoy to Burma, Ibrahim Gambari, is scheduled to arrive in New Delhi on Tuesday in a continuation of his efforts to …
  9. Sylvester Stallone explains why he brought back Rambo
    PopMatters, IL –
    “Rambo,” the fourth in the series that began in 1982, takes place in present-day, war-torn Burma (which is called Myanmar by its current government), …
  10. The lasting legacy of Suharto
    BBC News If Suharto had the kind of pumped-up ego we usually associate with powerful politicians, he never le…

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 28, 2008 at 4:17 pm

Who will come to Nilar Thein’s rescue?

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Bangkok Post, 28 Jan 2008

OPINION / BURMA

Who will come to Nilar Thein’s rescue?

Activist is on the run from Rangoon’s regime while her family and nation suffers

By KYAW ZWA MOE

Who remembers Nilar Thein now? She was actually well-known about four months ago. But today few seem to remember her. Four months is a long time in today’s fast-moving world.

Nilar Thein is a fugitive with a price on her head. She has been hiding in different locations in Rangoon since September when Burma’s military authorities began hunting down activists who led demonstrations in August and September.

If that’s not reason enough to feel sorry for the 35-year-old activist, her whole family is also suffering along with her.

Her husband Kyaw Min Yu, known as Jimmy, is in the notorious Insein Prison. A prominent activist since the 1988 pro-democracy uprising, he played a prominent role in the first street demonstrations in Rangoon in August.

Nilar Thein’s nine-month-old daughter, Nay Kyi Min Yu, has been living with her grandparents. Her grandparents say she is doing well, but she doesn’t have the protective, loving kindness of her parents.

The daughter is taken to the prison occasionally to visit her father. But she hasn’t touched her mother for some months.

If that’s not enough, Nilar Thein spent eight years in jail from 1996 to 2003 for her political activity. Her husband spent 16 years in prison after 1988.

In a conversation from where she is in hiding, Nilar Thein said it is a price she must pay.

”I love my daughter like any mother. I had to leave her, but I believe she will later understand why,” she said.

Her husband is likely to receive another long prison sentence, as Nilar Thein continues to try to evade the security forces.

Can you imagine a beautiful end to this sad story?

Do you believe the ruling generals will stop their oppression? Do you believe the United Nations can achieve change in Burma? Do you believe Burma’s neighbours will truly seek change in Burma?

The UN Special Envoy to Burma, Ibrahim Gambari, said in a recent interview with Newsweek magazine: ”I don’t have the instruments to change the regime.”

Yes, true regime change is hard to imagine. ”The UN is not in the business of changing regimes,” Mr Gambari said. Yes that’s true.

So what about one, single issue: the release of political prisoners, including Aung San Suu Kyi?

Mr Gambari attempted that, but again with no success.

”The release of Aung San Suu Kyi and the other political prisoners is long overdue,” the envoy said in the interview.

But the junta hasn’t budged, sticking closely to its ”seven-step road map”, which is intended to install the military institution legally as the legitimate government of Burma.

Is political reconciliation possible?

”It’s long overdue,” Mr Gambari said. Opposition groups and the international community have called for reconciliation since the junta took power 20 years ago, especially after Mrs Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy, won the 1990 election by a landslide.

Can you imagine a true dialogue between the junta and the opposition?

Mr Gambari said: ”If [talks] were combined with real engagement and with some incentives at the appropriate time, they could work.”

To try to achieve dialogue with the military junta in Rangoon, sanctions have been imposed by the United States and the European Union since the mid-1990s. Still, it’s hard to imagine sanctions working because Burma’s two biggest neighbours, China and India, as well as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, remain opposed.

How about the world’s super power, the US? In a recent trip to Hanoi, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Scott Marciel said Burma is going ”downhill on all fronts”.

”The economy is going downhill, the education system is getting ruined,” he said. ”The health-care system isn’t functioning _ you’re getting more and more cases of resistant strains of tuberculosis and malaria out of Burma. You’ve got refugee flows out of Burma. It’s just a whole series of problems.”

The US is the strongest critic of the Burmese regime and recently it imposed new sanctions targeted at the generals, their family and business cronies. But it doesn’t have any real means to change the regime or open its prisons or get the generals to sit down and talk to opposition and ethnic leaders. It might be another story if Burma were in the Middle East, perhaps.

So how can Nilar Thein and the Burmese people be saved?

You can imagine only one person who could save Nilar Thein _ Rambo.

Kyaw Zwa Moe is managing editor of Irrawaddy Publishing Group.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/News/28Jan2008_news15.php

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 28, 2008 at 3:59 pm

Posted in Varieties in English

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