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အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ က်ဆံုးမွ တတိုင္းျပည္လံုး စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ခံစားရမယ္

Archive for January 10th, 2008

ျပန္လည္သတိရလာေသာ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔မ်ား

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ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ၁၉၆၂ ခုႏွစ္၌ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးေန၀င္း ဦးေဆာင္ေသာ  ေတာ္လွန္ေရးေကာင္စီက စစ္အာဏာ သိမ္းလိုက္သည့္ အခ်ိန္မွစ၍ ယေန႔လက္ရွိ နအဖစစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မႉးႀကီးသန္းေရႊ အုပ္စိုးေနသည့္ အခ်ိန္ထိ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ကို ေတာက္ေလွ်ာက္ က်င့္သံုးေနခဲ့သည္။ လူတဦး-တဖြဲ႔-တပါတီ ေကာင္းစားေရးအတြက္ ယင္းစနစ္၏ ဆိုးက်ဳိးေပါင္းမ်ားစြာကို ျမန္မာျပည္သူတရပ္လံုးက လြန္လြန္ကဲကဲ ခံစားေနရသည္။ ဆိုးက်ဳိးမ်ားအနက္ ႏိုင္ငံ၏ တရားေရးမ႑ိဳင္ ပ်က္စီးေနပံုမ်ား အေၾကာင္းကလည္း အဓိက အခန္းမွ ပါ၀င္ေနသည္ကို သတိရွိၾကေစရန္ႏွင့္ ျပဳျပင္သင့္သည္မ်ားကို ျပဳျပင္ႏိုင္ၾကေစရန္ အထူးလိုအပ္ေနပါသည္။ ေမာင္သိန္းညြန္႔ (ေကာ့ကရိတ္) ေရးသားသည့္ RFA (Burmese)၏ အသံလႊင့္ ေဆာင္းပါးကို စာသားအေနျဖင့္ ေဖာ္ျပလိုက္ပါသည္။

ျပန္လည္သတိရလာေသာ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔မ်ား

RFA ျပင္ပ ေဆာင္းပါးရွင္ ေမာင္သိန္းညြန္႔ (ေကာ့ကရိတ္)ရဲ႕ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တရားဥပေဒနဲ႔ လက္ေတြ႔ ျပႆနာမ်ား (တရားဥပေဒ အေၾကာင္း သိေကာင္းစရာ အခန္းဆက္ေဆာင္းပါး)မွာ ဥပေဒမဲ့ ဖမ္းဆီးခံရမႈေတြ၊ တရားရံုးထုတ္ အမႈမစစ္ေဆးပဲ ကာလရွည္ၾကာ ထိန္းသိမ္းဖမ္းဆီးထားမႈေတြ၊ မေရရာတဲ့ စြဲခ်က္ေတြနဲ႔ ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ခ်မွတ္မႈေတြ စတာေတြနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ေရးသား ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။ (၈-၁-၂၀၀၈ RFA အသံလႊင့္ေဆာင္းပါး)

တရားမဲ့ ဖမ္းဆီးခံရတဲ့ မႈခင္းကိစၥေတြကို က်ေနာ့္ ေရွ႕ေနသက္တမ္း အတြင္းမွာ ကိုင္တြယ္ခဲ့ရဖူးပါတယ္။ ဒီအမႈကိစၥေတြကို သက္ဆိုင္ရာတရားရံုးထံ မတင္ျပမခ်င္း ဖမ္းဆီးခံရသူေတြအတြက္ ဥပေဒေၾကာင္းအရ ဘာမွ ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ခြင့္ မရွိပါဘူး။ သိပ္ေမာခဲ့ရတဲ့ ဘ၀မႈခင္း ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြလို႔ ဆိုရပါလိမ့္မယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ ယံုၾကည္ခ်က္ေၾကာင့္ ဖမ္းဆီးခံရတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားေတြ၊ ေက်ာင္းသားေတြရဲ႕ အမႈေတြ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

အဖမ္းခံရသူေတြဟာ ဘယ္လိုျပစ္မႈေတြနဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ခံၾကရတာလဲ၊ ဘယ္ေဒသ ဘယ္ေနရာေတြမွာ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ခံထားၾကရတာလည္း ဆိုတာကို သူတို႔ရဲ႕ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ မိဘေတြ၊ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ ရဲေဘာ္ မိတ္ေဆြေတြက အလြန္အမင္း သိခ်င္ၾကပါတယ္။

ဒီအခ်ိန္မွာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဥပေဒပညာ သင္ၾကားတုန္းက ေလ့လာမွတ္သားခဲ့ရတဲ့ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔ေတြကို ျပန္လည္ သတိရမိပါတယ္။ ဒီ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔ေတြဟာ အခုေတာ့ ဥပေဒ သမိုင္းျပတိုက္ထဲ ေရာက္သြားခဲ့ပါၿပီ။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ဒီမိုကေရစီစနစ္ ရုပ္သိမ္းခံရခ်ိန္နဲ႔ တဆက္တည္းမွာပဲ ဒီစာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔ေတြ ရုပ္သိမ္းခံလိုက္ရတာပါ။ ဒီအခ်က္ကို အမွန္တရားဘက္က မရပ္တည္ရဲတဲ့ ဥပေဒ ပညာရွင္တခ်ဳိ႕က အခုလို အေၾကာင္းျပၾကပါတယ္။

တရားလႊတ္ေတာ္ခ်ဳပ္သို႔ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔မ်ား ေလွ်ာက္ထား၍ မိမိ၏ အခြင့္အေရး နစ္နာဆံုးရွံဳးမႈအတြက္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းရာမွာ လုပ္ထံုးလုပ္နည္း အဆင့္ဆင့္ မ်ားလွ၍ အခက္အခဲမ်ား ရွိျခင္း၊ ေငြကုန္ေၾကးက် မ်ားျခင္း၊ အခ်ိန္ၾကန္႔ၾကာျခင္း၊ ေရွ႕ေနေရွ႕ရပ္မ်ားကသာ ေဆာင္ရြက္ေပးႏိုင္ျခင္း စသျဖင့္ သာမန္ လူတန္းစားမ်ားအတြက္ မလြယ္ကူေသာကိစၥမ်ား ျဖစ္သည့္အေလ်ာက္ မိမိ အခြင့္အေရး နစ္နာဆံုးရွံဳးသူတိုင္း မေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ေခ် ဆိုၿပီး အေၾကာင္းျပခဲ့ၾကတာပါ။

ေျပာမယ္ဆိုရင္ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔ေတြ ရုပ္သိမ္းခံရတာဟာ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို အေျခခံတဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံု အေျခခံ ဥပေဒအရ ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြ အေနနဲ႔ အကာအကြယ္ ရယူႏိုင္တဲ့ အခြင့္အေရးေတြ ဖ်က္သိမ္းခံလိုက္ရတာ ပါပဲ။ အဲဒီ အက်ဳိးဆက္ကေတာ့ အျပစ္ကင္းမဲ့သူေတြဟာ စြဲခ်က္မရွိပဲ အဖမ္းခံခဲ့ၾကရ၊ ေရွ႕ေနငွားရမ္းခြင့္ မရပဲ အျပစ္ေပးခံခဲ့ၾကရ၊ အမႈစစ္ေဆးျခင္း မရွိပဲ ကာလရွည္ၾကာ အခ်ဳပ္အေနွာင္ခံၾကရတာပါပဲ။ ဒီလို တုန္လႈပ္ ေခ်ာက္ျခားစရာေကာင္းတဲ့ ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြအတြက္ တရားဥပေဒ အကာအကြယ္ မုခ် လိုအပ္ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက ပါ၀င္ အတည္ျပဳ လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးခဲ့တဲ့ အျပည္ျပည္ဆိုင္ရာ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ေၾကညာစာတမ္း အပိုဒ္(၈)မွာလည္း ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒနဲ႔ အျခား ဥပေဒေတြက ေပးအပ္ထားတဲ့ အေျခခံ အခြင့္အေရးေတြ ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္ ဖ်က္ဆီးခံရမယ္ဆိုရင္ နစ္နာဆံုးရွံဳးသူေတြအေနနဲ႔ တရားရံုးမွာ ထိေရာက္စြာ သက္သာခြင့္ ရႏိုင္ေစရမည္ လို႔ ဆိုထားပါတယ္။

တရားဥပေဒ စိုးမိုးမႈရွိတဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီႏိုင္ငံေတြမွာေတာ့ အဆင့္အျမင့္ဆံုးျဖစ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္မွာ ေရွ႕ေတာ္သြင္း စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔၊ အာဏာေပး စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔၊ တားျမစ္ေစ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔၊ အာဏာပိုင္ေမး စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔၊ အမႈေခၚ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔ေတြကို ထုတ္ပိုင္ခြင့္အာဏာ ရွိပါတယ္။

စီရင္ထံုးေတြကို ေလ့လာၾကည့္မယ္ဆိုရင္ လူတဦးတေယာက္ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ လူတစု-တဖြဲ႔ကို တရားမဲ့ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္တဲ့အခါမွာ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔ဟာ ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြအတြက္ ဥပေဒလက္နက္ေတြ ျဖစ္ေနတာ ေတြ႔ရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔ဟာ အေၾကာင္းမရွိပဲ တရားမဲ့ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္မႈမ်ဳိးေတြကို တားဆီးဟန္႔တားၿပီး ဥပေဒအရ ရံုးတင္စစ္ေဆးဖို႔ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါ့အျပင္ ရံုးတင္ စစ္ေဆးျခင္းမျပဳပဲ ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ထားခံရသူေတြ၊ ဥပေဒလက္လႊတ္ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ခံထားရသူေတြကို ရံုးေတာ္သို႔သြင္းၿပီး ဖမ္းဆီးသူ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြက ဥပေဒအရ ထုေခ်ရွင္းလင္းရပါတယ္။ ရံုးေတာ္က ေက်နပ္ေလာက္ေအာင္ ထုေခ် ရွင္းလင္းျခင္း မျပဳႏိုင္ဘူးဆိုရင္ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြအေနနဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီးခံထားရသူေတြကို ျပန္လႊတ္ေပးဖို႔ တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္က အမိန္႔ ထုတ္ဆင့္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

ေရွ႕ေတာ္သြင္း စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ၁၉၅၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တရားစီရင္ထံုးမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားတာကို တင္ျပလိုပါတယ္။

ရထားတစီးေပၚမွာ ပစၥတိုတလက္နဲ႔ က်ည္ဆန္တခ်ဳိ႕ကို လူပုဂၢိဳလ္ (၅)ဦးထံက မိတဲ့ ကိစၥမ်ဳိးမွာေတာင္ အျပစ္မေပးႏိုင္ခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ျပည္သူ႔ၿငိမ္၀ပ္ပိျပားမႈ ထိန္းသိမ္းေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရးဥပေဒ ပုဒ္မ ၅(က)နဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ရာမွာ မေရရာ မေသခ်ာတဲ့ စြဲခ်က္ေတြကို အေျခခံရန္ မသင့္ေၾကာင္း အေျခခံဥပေဒအရ ခြင့္ျပဳထားတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံသားတို႔ရဲ႕လြတ္လပ္ခြင့္ကုိ ေပါ့ေပါ့တန္တန္ သေဘာထားၿပီး ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္ျခင္း မျပဳအပ္ေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။

ဒါ့အျပင္ တရားစြဲဆိုခံရတဲ့ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ဟာ ေနာက္လိုက္ေနာက္ပါေတြ ၀ိုင္းရံၿပီး သူ႔ရဲ႕ေခါင္းေဆာင္မႈနဲ႔ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပုန္ကန္ထၾကြမႈ က်ယ္ျပန္႔သြားႏိုင္ေၾကာင္း ရန္ကုန္ ရဲမင္းႀကီးရဲ႕အေၾကာင္းျပခ်က္ဟာ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္စရာရွိမႈမွ် အေပၚမွာသာ အေျခခံထားျခင္းသာျဖစ္လို႔ ဒီအမႈမွာ ၿငိမ္၀ပ္ပိျပားမႈ ထိန္းသိမ္းေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရး အက္ဥပေဒ ၅(က)က ခြင့္ျပဳထားတဲ့ အာဏာကို အသံုးျပဳခြင့္ မရွိေၾကာင္း တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္က ဆံုးျဖတ္ၿပီး ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြရဲ႕ မူလအခြင့္အေရးေတြကို အကာအကြယ္ ေပးခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဒီေတာ့ ျပစ္မႈ မက်ဴးလြန္ရေသးေသာ္လည္း ျပစ္မႈ က်ဴးလြန္ႏိုင္စရာရွိတယ္ ဆိုတဲ့ ထင္ျမင္ခ်က္ေတြနဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီး ခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ေနတဲ့ ေခတ္ကာလမ်ဳိးမွာေတာ့ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္အမိန္႔ေတြဟာ ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြအတြက္ ဥပေဒအရ အားကိုးစရာ ပါပဲ။

ဒီမိုကေရစီက်င့္စဥ္ကို လိုက္နာက်င့္သံုးခဲ့တဲ့ ၁၉၄၈ ခုႏွစ္ကေန ၁၉၆၂ ခုႏွစ္ ကာလမွာ ခ်မွတ္ခဲ့တဲ့ တရားလႊတ္ေတာ္ခ်ဳပ္ရဲ႕ ေရွ႕ေတာ္သြင္း စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ေတြဟာ အင္မတန္ မွတ္သားဖို႔ ေကာင္းပါတယ္။ က်န္ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ေတြရဲ႕ ဥပေဒဆိုင္ရာ ဖြင့္္ဆိုခ်က္နဲ႔ စီရင္ထံုးေတြကိုလည္း ေနာင္မွာ အလ်ဥ္းသင့္သလို ကိုးကား ေဖာ္ျပသြားပါမယ္။

တကယ္ေတာ့ တရားမွ်တမႈ ကင္းမဲ့တဲ့ ဘ၀ေတြကို ျဖတ္သန္းရခ်ိန္မ်ဳိး၊ လူ႔အေျခခံအခြင့္အေရးေတြ ရုပ္သိမ္းခံရတဲ့ ဘ၀ေတြကို ရင္ဆိုင္လာရခ်ိန္မ်ဳိးေတြမွာေတာ့ ဘယ္လူသားမဆို အေမွာင္ထုထဲမွာ ဥပေဒ အလင္းေရာင္ကို ရွာေဖြၾကတာ ဓမၼတာပါပဲ။

က်ေနာ္တို႔ ေရွ႕ေနသက္တမ္းအတြင္းမွာ မရခဲ့တဲ့ ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးသြားတဲ့ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္ အမိန္႔ေတြ၊ ဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒျပဌာန္းခ်က္ေတြဟာ ဒီမိုကေရစီစနစ္ ျဖစ္ေပၚတိုးတက္မႈနဲ႔အတူ ျပန္လည္ အသက္၀င္လာပါလိမ့္မယ္။

ဒီေနရာမွာ တခု သတိခ်ပ္ရမွာကေတာ့ စစ္မွန္တဲ့ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ရလာတဲ့အခါမွာ စာခြၽန္ေတာ္က ေပးထားတဲ့ ဥပေဒ အခြင့္အေရးေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြ အမွန္တကယ္ ရလိမ့္မယ္ ဆိုတဲ့အခ်က္ပါပဲ။

တရားဥပေဒရဲ႕ အကာအကြယ္ကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသားအားလံုး ခံစားႏိုင္ၾကပါေစ။

ေမာင္သိန္းညြန္႔ (ေကာ့ကရိတ္)

—————–

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 10, 2008 at 1:58 am

ASEAN a long way from EU-style integration: Lee Kuan Yew

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01-08-2008, 19h43 SINGAPORE (AFP)

photo

It will take 50 years or more for Southeast Asian nations to more closely resemble the European Union including the easing of border controls, according to Singapore’s founding father Lee Kuan Yew, seen here in November 2007. (AFP/File).

It will take 50 years or more for Southeast Asian nations to more closely resemble the European Union including the easing of border controls, according to Singapore’s founding father Lee Kuan Yew.

He said the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was still a long way from being as closely integrated as the European Union, which in December admitted nine new countries into a no-passport zone.

“Well, I don’t think they are comparable,” Lee said late Monday on the day Singapore became the first ASEAN member to complete ratification of a landmark charter aimed at transforming the 10-member bloc.

“To expect us to make this leap into a European Union will be 50, maybe more, years,” he told a gathering on the 40th anniversary of the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS).

Lee, who retains an influential position in the cabinet of his son Lee Hsien Loong, said ASEAN nations were “very disparate” with differing levels of economic and cultural development.

“I think we make progress slowly. As we rise and we converge towards a more common level there will still be differences but not so stark. Then we can make the moves to free up the borders,” he said.

The EU move means people will now be able to travel in 24 countries across Europe, from the Baltic Sea nation of Estonia to Portugal, without passport controls.

ASEAN’s charter aims to commit the region’s disparate nations to promote human rights and democratic ideals, and sets out the principles and rules for members.

It also transforms ASEAN, formed in 1967, into a legal entity, which will give the group greater clout in international negotiations.

But Tommy Koh, a Singaporean diplomat and chairman of the task force which drafted the charter, warned Tuesday it was in some jeopardy because of threats not to ratify it.

He said Philippines President Gloria Arroyo warned her country’s Congress might not approve the document if Myanmar did not honour the charter’s provisions on democracy and human rights.

There is also a strong initiative in Indonesia to dissuade parliament there from ratifying the charter, Koh told the ISEAS Regional Outlook Forum. Koh said one of those opposing ratification is Jusuf Wanandi, a prominent Indonesian academic.

“I don’t think that the charter is bold and visionary enough,” Wanandi told the forum.

Koh countered that although the charter is not perfect, it is a good start and can be amended later.

He and Surin Pitsuwan, who began his term as ASEAN secretary general on Monday, said the charter will better position the bloc as it faces intense competition from China, India and elsewhere.

“The stakes facing ASEAN are very high,” Koh said.

Among the charter’s benefits, he said it will allow ASEAN to improve on its “very poor track record” of implementing decisions.

“ASEAN needs a truly new beginning,” Pitsuwan said.

The ASEAN leaders are also fast-tracking integration of their economies with the goal of creating a single market of more than half a billion people by 2015 to help battle competition from giants China and India.
AFP

http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=209949&s=b&i=&t=ASEAN_a_long_way_from_EU-style_integration:_Lee_Kuan_Yew

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 10, 2008 at 1:22 am

Burma’s Military Keeps Tight Rein on Society

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08 January 2008
 

Watch Burma report / Windows Broadband – download video clip
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Burma’s military government has been in power for more than four decades. While most Burmese are poor, the country’s top military elite and their friends have become rich, fueling widespread resentment. Those feelings have grown more serious in the days since the military crushed anti-government demonstrations in September. Yet despite their unpopularity, Burma’s generals are as entrenched as ever. Rory Byrne and Wido Schlichting report on how the country’s military stays in power.

Burma, housing, people earn less than $1 a day
Burma housing

Burma is one of the most isolated countries in the world. Democratic observers say the military government uses fear and repression to maintain its grip on power. Opposition is not tolerated.

In September of last year, the government sharply increased the price of fuel and tens of thousands of Buddhist monks and civilians took to the streets in pro-democracy protests. Among them was Hlaing Moe Than.

When the military crushed the protests, Hlaing Moe Than escaped into Thailand. He had been jailed and tortured many times in the past. He says, “The military junta can do as they like – they are above the law. Our people don’t get the protection of the law, you know – they can arrest anybody without a warrant. They can detain persons in an interrogation center.”

The military regime has forbidden freedom of expression from opposition groups. Only pro-government news media is allowed.

Zaw Min
Zaw Min

Zaw Min, a Burmese pro-democracy activist living in Bangkok, describes the government rules and tactics, he says, “They rule the country for many years based on the fear of the citizen. That’s why they use so many kinds of oppressive measures on certain citizens. If you want to go against the government you are put in prison, arrested, tortured, even you disappear – nobody knows.”

Prices for fuel have had a drastic effect on the costs of transportation, cooking oil and food. Most people in Burma earn less than a dollar a day. But the military elite and their friends live in luxury.

Oo Win Naing
Oo Win Naing

Oo Win Naing is an opposition politician living in Rangoon. He has been jailed many times for his views. “There are lots of people who are getting rich during this military regime period. For those kind of people they have become very, very strong supporters to the government because they are gaining things, they are gaining lots of things,” Naing said.

The military also controls the country’s abundant natural resources. The roads through Burma’s forests are filled with logging trucks. Many people in Burma and environmental groups say the military charges thousands of dollars in fees for each truck.

In addition, precious stones from Burmese mines earn the government hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

A gem auction in Rangoon recently raised more than $300 million from foreign dealers, most of them from China.

Some human rights groups’ say more than 40 percent of the government’s budget goes to the army. Some of that money is spent on fighting ethnic minority rebels.

Despite international demands that the government begin reform and talks with opposition leaders, most notably Aung San Suu Kyi, there is still no sign the generals are ready to give up power.

But as many people slip further into poverty, human rights groups and activists say resentment to military rule is growing deeper every day.

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 10, 2008 at 1:11 am

Posted in Varieties in English

Tagged with ,

World Focus on Burma (10 Jan 08)

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  1. Their peaceful witness was akin to the reign of God in history
    Canada Western Catholic Reporter, Canada –

    A Shepherd Speaks By BISHOP FRED HENRY – Calgary

    In September, Buddhist monks and nuns took to the streets of Burma (Myanmar) to challenge the 20-year-old rule of the brutal junta that had sunk the country …

  2. Dal, Idli, Sambar and the Myanmar sanctions
    Hindu Business Line, India –
    Given the continuing assistance to Indian insurgent groups by Bangladesh and Pakistan, it is more important that trans-border co-operation with Myanmar, …
  3. Indo-Burma agreement expected on Kaladan project
    Narinjara News, Bangladesh –
    New Delhi has been planning to develop a port in Sittwe, the capital of northwest Myanmar province of Rakhine (earlier known as Arakan). …
  4. Generous Brazilian contribution shows commitment to end hunger
    ReliefWeb (press release), Switzerland –
    ROME – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today warmly welcomed a generous donation of US$1 million from the Government of Brazil to improve ..
  5. Gambhir Singh`s bravery eulogised on 174th death anniversary …
    KanglaOnline, India –
    … the occasion while Hareshwar Goswami presented a paper on the political relations between Burma (Myanmar) and Manipur from 15th century AD to 1819 AD. …
  6. Exiled Myanmar Network Boosts Broadcasts
    The Associated Press –

    OSLO, Norway (AP) — The exiled Myanmar network Democratic Voice of Burma said Thursday it was starting daily broadcasts to pro-democracy activists at home, …

  7. Siam or Thailand: what’s in a name?
    Bangkok Post, Thailand –
    A more recent case of a country announcing that it wished to be known under a new name was when, in 1989, Burma became Myanmar _ a change that was not …
  8. Human traffickers arrested in Burma: local media
    Radio Australia, Australia –
    Authorities in military-ruled Burma have arrested a couple trying to smuggle four women to China. Authorities in military-ruled Burma have arrested a couple ..
  9. Burma: Activists Organise Amid Stagnation
    UNPO, Netherlands –
    … photographs and blog reports posted on the Internet played a key role in breaking the wall of silence surrounding Myanmar, which is also known as Burma. …
  10. UN food agency says tight government control hampers aid …
    PR-Inside.com (Pressemitteilung), Austria –
    AP YANGON, Myanmar (AP) – Poor access and tight government control in military-ruled Myanmar have hampered efforts to provide food assistance in the ..
  11. Iron Cross rocks alongside Manau dances in Kachin State ‘s Day
    Mizzima.com, India –
    January 10, 2008 – Burma’s leading Rock Band, the Iron Cross, has been rocking the city of Myit Kyi Na on a two-night show that has added colour and sound …
  12. C-COM Antenna Integrated With Asia’s Leading Satellite Operator
    OTTAWA, ONTARIO–(Marketwire – Jan. 9, 2008) – C-COM Satellite Systems Inc. (TSX VENTURE:CMI) has completed the integration of its iNetVu mobile antenna systems with Shin Satellite’s IPSTAR broadband satellit..
  13. AP Weekly News Calendar
    PR-Inside.com (Pressemitteilung), Austria – Jan 10, 2008
    JAKARTA, Indonesia _ Myanmar Prime Minister Gen. Thein Sein makes a two-day «goodwill» visit. BEIJING _ Admiral Keating meets Gen. Chen Bingde, Gen. …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 10, 2008 at 1:08 am

Donor support helps WFP expand activities in Myanmar

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09 Jan 2008 11:42:00 GMT
Source: WFP
Reuters and AlertNet are not responsible for the content of this article or for any external internet sites. The views expressed are the author’s alone.

School children in  marginalised areas are among the thousands of people receiving WFP food assistance in Myanmar.
School children in marginalised areas are among the thousands of people receiving WFP food assistance in Myanmar.

Go to World Food Programme Web Site Location: Yangon

Humanitarian food assistance activities of the United Nations World Food Programme will expand in Myanmar during 2008, building on work undertaken during 2007.

At the end of the first year of a 3 year programme, WFP has reached 500,000 beneficiaries with assistance that enables vulnerable communities to overcome chronic food shortages.

“Not only have we helped marginalised communities to overcome the immediate difficulties they experience during the monsoon period, but through creative programming we are helping to reduce the size of the food gap in these areas by improving livelihood opportunities” said Chris Kaye, WFP’s Country Director in Yangon.

Vital

The work has been acknowledged as vital by donors notably Australia, the EU, Japan and Switzerland who generously supported WFP operations during 2007.

Recent contributions from the Governments of Norway, Germany, Finland, Belgium, Denmark and Estonia have helped to ensure the continuity of operations into 2008.

Access

The Government of Myanmar facilitates the work of WFP by granting access to the several of the most marginalized areas of the country.

In so doing, it acknowledges the needs of people whose lives are constrained by poor access to land and other livelihood opportunities. Many of those supported are from former poppy growing communities in the eastern border areas of the country.

Logistical problem

Bringing food to people in these areas is particularly challenging in view of the difficult logistical problem of moving food to very remote, sometimes mountainous, areas.

It is also constrained by the complex clearance system imposed by the authorities which controls the movement of goods and commodities from region to another.

Speed up

However, recently in one area in North Rakhine, the authorities have eased procedures which will help speed up the movement of food to where it is needed most.

“The easing of bureaucratic procedures in NRS by the Area Commander is an initiative we hope will be replicated elsewhere” said Kaye.

“It will certainly improve the effectiveness and efficiency of our operations” he added.

Eastern expansion

WFP expects to expand its operations in 2008 to assist impoverished communities in eastern Kachin. A critical element that will ensure food can be delivered to these communities is the Government’s agreement for WFP to partner with a number of Non-Governmental Organizations.

“Discussions with Government to expand our operations with our NGO partners have been positive and I am confident that we will be able to deliver food assistance in these areas in early 2008 providing we continue to receive donor support.” said Kaye.

Nutritionally-enriched

Operating in Myanmar in collaboration with 22 UN and NGO cooperating partners, WFP provides food assistance to vulnerable persons in Myanmar including HIV/AIDS and TB patients under treatment and school children in marginalized areas of the country.

A programme giving nutritionally-enriched foods to mothers and children addresses malnutrition that prevail in several operational areas.

Over three years, WFP plans to reach a total of 1,600,000 vulnerable people at a total cost of US$51.7 million.

Marginalised communities

WFP assistance is provided to the returned Rohinga and marginalised muslim communities in North Rakhine State, drought-affected areas in the central dry zone, and farming communities in former poppy growing areas in the Shan State.

WFP provides vulnerable families and households with a food basket consisting of rice, pulses, vegetable oil, salt and high-protein blended food. WFP operations in Myanmar rely on the Government to facilitate the movement of food and personnel.

Donors

Donors to WFP’s protracted relief and recovery operation in Myanmar include Australia (US$5.1 million), European Union (US$2.4 million), The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (US$1.4 million), Japan (US$1.1 million), Finland (US$1,404,000), The Germany (US$1.0 million), Switzerland (US$870,000), Denmark (US$750,000), The United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security (US$ 648,000), Norway (US$546,000) New Zealand (US$437,000), the United States (US$300,000), Flemish (US$221,000) Italy (US$140,000) and Estonia (US$46,000).

A further US$2.3 million has been received in multilateral donations and US$40,000 in private donations.

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URL: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/WFP/9f1efb950a5ce99b2c33339ac3cf6c60.htm

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

January 10, 2008 at 12:46 am